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High-Granularity Timing Detector (HGTD)

This page contains plots related to the High-Granularity Timing Detector project part of the ATLAS Phase-II upgrade, to be used by ATLAS speakers at conferences and similar events.

Please do not add figures on your own. Contact the responsible HGTD project leader in case of questions and/or suggestions.

Recent Plots: 2021-2022

2021-2022 Test Beam LGAD Sensors Results

Collected charge as a function of the bias voltage for different single-pad sensors of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 (blue circles), USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 (green losanges) and IHEP-IMEv2-W7 (violet stars). Bias voltages were kept lower than the value required to operate the sensors. All 3 sensors were tested with 5 GeV electrons at DESY. Measurements were performed at temperatures from -40 to -30C for FBK-UFSD3.2-W19, from -43 to -30C for IHEP-IMEv2-W7Q2, and from -39C to -24C for USTC-IMEv2.1-W17. Sensors were irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (at 1.5x10^15 neq/cm^2) at JSI and annealed for 80 mins @ 60C. The fluence is known with a precision of 10%. The measurements leading to these results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Charge MPV versus bias voltage 1.5e15

Collected charge as a function of the bias voltage for different single pad sensors of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 (green circles), USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 (violet losanges) and IHEP-IMEv2-W7 (red stars). Bias voltages were kept lower than the value required to operate the sensors. Measurements were performed at temperatures from -46 to -26C for FBK-UFSD3.2-W19, from -43 to -29C for USTC-IMEv2.1-W17, and at -20C for IHEP-IMEv2-W8. FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 and USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 were tested with 5 GeV electrons at DESY while IHEP-IMEv2-W8 was tested with 120 GeV pions at SPS CERN using MALTA Telescope. Sensors were irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (at 2.5x10^15 neq/cm^2) at JSI and annealed for 80 mins @ 60C. The fluence is known with a precision of 10%. Measurements leading to the SPS results have been carried out using a MALTA beam telescope as part of the CERN ATLAS R&D program. The measurements leading to the DESY results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Charge MPV versus bias voltage 2.5e15

Time resolution as a function of the bias voltage for different single-pad sensors of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 (blue circles), USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 (green losanges) and IHEP-IMEv2-W7 (violet stars). Bias voltages were kept lower than the value required to operate the sensors. Time resolution is derived from the distributions of CFD differences for all the combinations of DUTs and a reference device (SiPM) tested simultaneously and it is defined as the standard deviation of a Gaussian fit. A charge threshold of 2 fC is applied. The resolution of SiPM was ranging around 65 ps depending on the voltage applied. Uncertainties are calculated using error propagation. All 3 sensors were tested with 5 GeV electrons at DESY. Measurements were performed at temperatures from -40 to -30C for FBK-UFSD3.2-W19, from -43 to -30C for IHEP-IMEv2-W7Q2 and from -39C to -24C for USTC-IMEv2.1-W17. Sensors were irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (at 1.5x10^15 neq/cm^2) at JSI and annealed for 80 mins @ 60C. The fluence is known with a precision of 10%. The measurements leading to these results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Time resolution versus bias voltage 1.5e15

Time resolution as a function of the bias voltage for different single pad sensors of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 (green circles), USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 (violet losanges) and IHEP-IMEv2-W7 (red stars). Bias voltages were kept lower than the value required to operate the sensors. Time resolution is derived from the distributions of CFD differences for all the combinations of DUTs and a reference device (SiPM) tested simultaneously and it is defined as the standard deviation of a Gaussian fit. A charge threshold of 2 fC is applied. The resolution of SiPM was ranging around 65 ps depending on the voltage applied. Uncertainties are calculated using error propagation. Measurements were performed at temperatures from -46 to -26C for FBK-UFSD3.2-W19, from -43 to -29C for USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 and -20C for IHEP-IMEv2-W8. FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 and USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 were tested with 5 GeV electrons at DESY while IHEP-IMEv2-W8 was tested with 120 GeV pions at SPS CERN using MALTA Telescope. Sensors were irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (at 2.5x10^15 neq/cm^2) at JSI and annealed for 80 mins @ 60C. The fluence is known with a precision of 10%. Measurements leading to the SPS results have been carried out using a MALTA beam telescope as part of the CERN ATLAS R&D program. The measurements leading to the DESY results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Time resolution versus bias voltage 2.5e15

Efficiency map of the sensor IHEP-IMEv2-W7Q2 (irradiated at 1.51015 neq/cm^2), where efficiency is defined as ratio of the reconstructed tracks with a hit in the sensor passing a 2 fC threshold on charge collection to all the reconstructed tracks penetrating the sensor area. Global efficiency of the sensor is then calculated from the ROI in the central area of the detector (inside the red 0.50.5 mm^2 square), while the area of the whole sensor is 1.31.3 mm^2. Measurements were performed using 5 GeV electrons at DESY at temperatures from -43 to -30C. Sensor was irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (at 1.5x10^15 neq/cm^2) at JSI and annealed for 80 mins @ 60C. The fluence is known with a precision of 10%. The measurements leading to these results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Efficiency map 1.5e15

Efficiency, for a collected charge threshold of 2 fC, as a function of the bias voltage for different single pad sensors of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 (blue circles), USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 (green losanges) and IHEP-IMEv2-W7 (violet stars). Bias voltages were kept lower than the value required to operate the sensors. All 3 sensors were tested with 5 GeV electrons at DESY. Measurements were performed at temperatures from -40 to -30C for FBK-UFSD3.2-W19, from -43 to -30C for IHEP-IMEv2-W7Q2 and from -39C to -24C for USTC-IMEv2.1-W17. Sensors were irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (at 1.5x10^15 neq/cm^2) at JSI and annealed for 80 mins @ 60C. The fluence is known with a precision of 10%. The measurements leading to these results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Efficiency versus bias voltage 1.5e15

Efficiency, for a collected charge threshold of 2 fC, as a function of the bias voltage for different single-pad sensors of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 (green circles), USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 (violet losanges) and IHEP-IMEv2-W7 (red stars). Bias voltages were kept lower than the value required to operate the sensors. Measurements were performed at temperatures from -46 to -26C for FBK-UFSD3.2-W19, from -43 to -29C for USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 and -20C for IHEP-IMEv2-W8. FBK-UFSD3.2-W19 and USTC-IMEv2.1-W17 were tested with 5 GeV electrons at DESY while IHEP-IMEv2-W8 was tested with 120 GeV pions at SPS CERN using MALTA Telescope. Sensors were irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (at 2.5x10^15 neq/cm^2) at JSI and annealed for 80 mins @ 60C. The fluence is known with a precision of 10%. Measurements leading to the SPS results have been carried out using a MALTA beam telescope as part of the CERN ATLAS R&D program. The measurements leading to the DESY results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Efficiency versus bias voltage 2.5e15

Collected charge for an unirradiated single-pad sensor of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: IHEP-IMEv2-W7Q2. Measurements were performed at room temperature. 5 GeV electrons at three incidence angles were used at DESY. The measurements leading to these results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Charge angles IHEP-IME

Collected charge for an unirradiated single-pad sensor of a size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm^2: FBK-UFSD3.2-W19. Measurements were performed at room temperature. 5 GeV electrons at three incidence angles were used at DESY. The measurements leading to these results have been performed at the Test Beam Facility at DESY Hamburg (Germany), a member of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).

Charge angles FBK

LGAD Sensors

Collected charge (left) and time resolution (right) of USTC-IME-v2.1 at fluences of 0, 8E14, 2.5E15 n_eq/cm^2. This β-scope test is performed at USTC. The target collected charge is 4 fC and time resolution of 50 ps.

Sr90 USTC-IME-V2.1

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Comparison of measured inter-pad gap and nominal inter-pad gap. The nominal inter-pad gap is define as the distance between the edges of the gain layers of neighbouring pads. For un-irradiated USTC-IME-v2.1 sensors, the measured IP is larger than nominal one. For sensors with nominal IP3 (30 um) and IP5 (50 um), the measured IP is about 100 um. For sensors with nominal IP7 (70 um), the measured IP is about 130 um.

USTC-IME-V2.1 IP measurements

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Inter-pad gap vs bias voltage. The Y-axis is measured inter-pad gap from TCT test. The X-axis is sensors bias voltage during laser TCT test.

USTC-IME-V2.1 IP measurements

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(Left) The response of the infrared laser as a function of the beam position measured with Particulars scanning TCT. The wavelength of the laser is 1064 nm, and the beam spot size is about 10 um. (Right) The response as function of the x for fixed y = 0.4375 mm, fitted with error functions. The inter-pad gap size is defined as the distance between the two positions where the response is 50% of the plateau, determined from the fitted functions.

USTC-IME-V2.1 IP measurements

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An example of current voltage characteristics for all pads of a full size (15x15 pads) HGTD sensor coming from the latest IHEP-IME run. The sensor fulfils all the required specifications of the current and breakdown voltage spread (left and middle plots). They have been produced in 8 wafer (right plot).

IHEP-IMEv2-15x15

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Typical Single Event Burnout mark is shown in the right plot (2019 DESY test-beam with 5 GeV e). The reconstructed track in the SEB event pointed to the location of the burn mark (middle and right plot). All the reconstructed tracks distribution across the detector before SEB is shown in the left plot.

SEB

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Single Event Burnout voltage dependence on sensor thickness. The minimum VSEB at which SEB was observed after several 106 particles/pad for each thickness in 2021 HGTD End-Of-Lifetime Test beams is shown (manufacturer-run (type, test-beam)). About 80 sensors (single-pad, 2x2, 5x5 arrays) were tested. Note that 55 mm thick device survived at indicated voltage. The line fit to the points results in critical average electric field of 12.1 V/mm where SEB occurs. The safe zone of 11 V/mm where no SEB was ever observed is indicated in yellow.

Vseb

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Gain layer depletion voltage dependence on equivalent fluence of reactor neutrons for different investigated prototype sensors (producer-run-wafer). The dashed lines are the acceptor removal model (exponential) fits to the data.

CC and time resolution of recent prototypes

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Collected charge (left) and time resolution (right) of LGADs from various vendors (vendor-run-wafer) being considered for HGTD at a fluence of 2.5x1015 neq/cm2. The target collected charge is 4 fC and time resolution of 50 ps for the HGTD. Carbon enriched sensors (IHEP-IMEv2-W7Q2, FBK-UFSC-2.3-W19, USTC-IME-V2.0-W16) show stable performance at much lower bias voltages than non-carbon enriched sensors. USTC-IME-V2.0-W16 performance before irradiation is however not adequate.

Vgl dependence on fluence

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Plots prior to 2021

2018-2019 Test Beam LGAD Sensors Results


Collected charge as a function of the bias voltage for different CNM sensors doped with Boron (squares), Boron plus Carbon (circles) and Gallium (stars). Single-pads (S) were tested before (black markers) and after irradiation (coloured markers). The fluence, known with a precision of 10%, is indicated in units of 10^14 neq/cm2 (1, 6 and 30) as well as the type of irradiation with neutrons (n) or protons (p). Measurements were performed at temperatures from -35C to -24C for irradiated sensors and at 20C for unirradiated sensors.

MPV CNM versus bias voltage

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Collected charge as a function of the bias voltage for different HPK sensors type 3.1 and 3.2. Single-pads (S) and 22 arrays of pads (A), were tested before (full black markers) and after irradiation (coloured markers). Channel 0 (Ch0) and channel 1 (Ch1) refer to two tested pads of an array which show the same performance. The fluence, known with a precision of 10%, is indicated in units of 10^14 neq/cm2 (8, 10 and 15) as well as the type of irradiation with neutrons (n) or protons (p). Measurements were performed at temperatures from -47C to -29C for irradiated sensors and from -39C to -32C for unirradiated sensors.

MPV HPK versus bias voltage

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Time resolution as a function of the bias voltage for different CNM sensors doped with Boron (squares), Boron plus Carbon (circles) and Gallium (stars). Single-pads (S) were tested before (black markers) and after irradiation (coloured markers). The fluence, known with a precision of 10%, is indicated in units of 10^14 neq/cm2 (1, 6 and 30) as well as the type of irradiation with neutrons (n) or protons (p). Measurements were performed at temperatures from -35C to -24C for irradiated sensors and at 20C for unirradiated sensors.

Sigma CNM versus bias voltage

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Time resolution as a function of the bias voltage for different HPK sensors type 3.1 and 3.2. Single-pads (S) and 22 arrays of pads (A), were tested after irradiation (coloured markers). Channel 1 (Ch1) refers to the tested pad of an array. The fluence, known with a precision of 10%, is indicated in units of 10^14 neq/cm2 (8, 10 and 15) as well as the type of irradiation with neutrons (n) or protons (p). Measurements were performed at temperatures from -47C to -29C for irradiated sensors and from -39C to -32C for unirradiated sensors.

Sigma HPK versus bias voltage

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Time resolution as a function of the collected charge for different CNM sensors doped with Boron (squares), Boron plus Carbon (circles) and Gallium (stars) and HPK sensors type 3.1 and 3.2. Single-pads (S) and 22 arrays of pads (A), were tested after irradiation (coloured markers). Channel 1 (Ch1) refers to the tested pad of an array. The fluence, known with a precision of 10%, is indicated in units of 10^14 neq/cm2 (1, 6, 8, 10, 15 and 30) as well as the type of irradiation with neutrons (n) or protons (p). Measurements were performed at temperatures from -47C to -24C.

Sigma versus MPV

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Collected charge as a function of the the bias voltage for different single pad sensors built by CNM from wafer W4, doped with Boron. Measurements were performed at -32C for sensors irradiated with neutrons (at 1x10^14 neq/cm2 and 6x10^14 neq/cm2) or with protons (empty markers) at 1x10^14 neq/cm2 and at 20 C for the unirradiated one. The fluences are provided with a precision of 10%.

MPV versus bias voltage

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Time resolution as a function of the bias voltage for different single pad sensors built by HPK. Sensors were irradiated with neutrons with different fluences. The time resolution is computed from hits in the pad center region. Measurements were performed at temperatures from -41C to -30C for sensors irradiated with neutrons (at 8x10^14 neq/cm2 and 1.5x10^15 neq/cm2). The fluences are provided with a precision of 10%

Efficiency versus bias voltage

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Efficiency as a function of bias voltage for different single pad sensors built by CNM from wafer W6, doped with Gallium. Sensors were irradiated with neutrons (solid markers) or protons (empty markers) with different fluences. The efficiency is computed for a charge threshold of 2 fC and from hits in the pad center region (in 0.5x0.5mm^2 area). Measurements were performed at -30C for sensors irradiated with neutrons (at 1x10^14 neq/cm2 and 3x10^15 neq/cm2) and with protons at 1x10^14 neq/cm2. The non irradiated sensor was tested at -32C. The fluences are provided with a precision of 10%.

Efficiency versus bias voltage

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Efficiency as a function of the threshold on the collected charge for different single pad sensors built by CNM from wafer W6, doped with Gallium. Sensors were irradiated with neutrons (solid markers) or protons (empty markers) with different fluences. The efficiency is computed from hits in the pad center region (in 0.5x0.5mm^2 area). Measurements were performed at -30C for sensors irradiated with neutrons (at 1x10^14 neq/cm2 and 3x10^15 neq/cm2) and with protons at 1x10^14 neq/cm2. The non irradiated sensor was tested at -32C. The fluences are provided with a precision of 10%.

Efficiency versus Threshold

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2D maps of efficiency for a single pad sensor built by CNM from wafer W5, doped with Boron with Carbon-spray, and irradiated with protons at a fluence of 1\times10^{14}~n_{eq}/cm^{2} operated at 210 V and for a collected charge of 9.7 fC. The measurement was performed at -32C. The fluence is known with a precision 10%. The efficiency is computed for a charge threshold of 2 fC. The averaged efficiency in the 0.5x0.5mm^2 center area is 99.8%.

2D Efficiency Map

2020 TDR Figures


Link to all TDR figures

TDR ALTIROC performance plots


Average Time Of Arrival measurement with the TDC as a function of the programmable delay using the external trigger.

delayScanTrigExt_B_2_ch_0_TDR.png

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Channel LSB divided by the averaged LSB as function of the channel number for one ASIC

TDCTDR.png

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Efficiency measured as a function of the injected charge for an ASIC alone with Cd = 4 pF (purple) and with an ASIC bump bonded to a sensor (blue) measured with the calibration setup

eff_TDR.png"

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Jitter measured as a function of the injected charge for an ASIC alone with Cd = 4 pF (purple) and with an ASIC bump bonded to a sensor (blue) measured with the calibration setup with a Dirac signal as an input. The open circle shows the jitter for an LGAD input signal estimated from the calibration data and the simulation

jitterTDR.png"

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Time-over-threshold measured as a function of the injected charge for an ASIC bump bonded to a sensor

TOTCmean_TDR2.png"

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Preamplifer amplitude measured with the discriminator probe for three different charges as a function of the irradiation during high dose period. The dashed vertical line represents the maximal TID for HGTD. The step observed at 0.5 MGy is due to large temperature variations at the beginning of the measurements, which were subsequently controlled

IrradAmp.png"

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Relative jitter measured with the discriminator probe for a charge of 10.3 fC as a function of the irradiation during high dose period.The dashed vertical line represents the maximal TID for HGTD.

IrradJitter.png"

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Distribution of the TOA as a function of the TOT. The dots correspond to the mean value of the TOA distribution for a given TOT bin extracted from a Gaussian. The red line is a fit of the average TOA as a function of the TOT

toa_vs_tot_B13_ch3_reso_380-1.png"

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Distributions of the time difference between LGAD+ALTIROC and the Quartz+SiPM system before (red) and after (black) time walk correction together with Gaussian fits. The numbers are the fitted Gaussian widths where the time resolution of the Quartz+SiPM system has been substracted quadratically.

dTOA_B13_ch3_reso_380.png"

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2019 Sensors plots from TDR and for HSTD proceedings

V op as a function of fluence after irradiation for different LGAD types for neutron irradiation. The red horizontal line represents the maximum allowed voltage of 750 V as discussed in Section 5.5.7. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy). 0fC_vs_bias_n-1.png pdf
Vop as a function of fluence after irradiation for different LGAD types for proton irradiation. The red horizontal line represents the maximum allowed voltage of 750 V as discussed in Section 5.5.7. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy). 0fC_vs_bias_p-1.png pdf
Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-3.2 (a) and at maximum fluence for all vendors (two representative sensors with different performance for HPK-3.2 are shown) (b). The horizontal lines indicate the HGTD lower charge limit of 4 fC at all fluences. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy). Measurements were performed at −30 ◦ C except for the pre-rad measurement that was done at 20 ◦ C.

Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_charge_-1.png

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Plot_CNMAIDA_bias_voltage_vs_charge_-1.png

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pdfI-V curves of different types of HPK single pad prototype sensors. The measurements are taken with a single needle and the guard rings are grounded.

Fig-3_HPK-Prototype-Single-IVs-1.png

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Figures to show the uniformity of the HPK-3.1-50 sensors. Distribution of LGAD leakage current at 200 V of 648 measured single pad sensors. Measured with an automatic probe station and guard ring floating.

Fig-4a_Iat200VhistoHPKtype3p1Singles-1.png

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Figures to show the uniformity of the HPK-3.1-50 sensors. Distribution of breakdown voltages of 648 measured single pad sensors. Measured with an automatic probe station and guard ring floating

Fig-4b_VBDhistoHPKtype3p1Singles-1.png

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Distribution of VBD on an HPK-3.2-50 5 5 pads array. The measurement is taken by a dedicate probe card with guard ring and neighbor pads grounded.

Fig-5_VBD_32_5x5-1.png

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C-V (a) and 1/C 2 -V (b) curves of different types of HPK prototype sensor. The measurement is taken by single needle on the single pads with guard ring grounded.

Fig-6a_CVL-1.png

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Fig-6b_C2V_Log-1.png pdf

Collected charge (a) and time resolution (b) of different types of HPK prototype sensor before irradiation as a function of bias voltage. The requirements of the HGTD project are indicated by the horizontal red lines.

Fig-10a_Plot_folder_HPK_prerad_Max_Plot_HPK2_bias_voltage_vs_charge-1.png

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Fig-10b_Plot_folder_HPK_prerad_Max_Plot_HPK2_bias_voltage_vs_time_res-1.png pdf

The inverse of capacitance square as a function of the biased voltage of NDL LGAD sensors. figure3_InverseCVBeforeIrradiation-1.png pdf
The doping profile of NDL LGAD sensors estimated from CV measurements. figure4_DopingBeforeIrradiationE1-1.png pdf
(a) Time resolution as a function of bias voltage for NDL #9 and BV170 before irradiation. (b) Time resolution as a function of bias voltage for NDL #10, NDL #9, BV170 after 1.02 ⇥ 1015neq/cm2 irradiation at -30 oC.

figure6a_TimeResolution3-1.png

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figure6b_1E15TimeResolution3-1.png pdf

(a) Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for NDL #9 and BV170 before irradiation. (b) Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for NDL #10, NDL #9, BV170 after 1.02 ⇥ 1015neq/cm2 irradiation at -30 oC.

figure7a_CollectedCharge3-1.png

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figure7b_1E15CollectedCharge3-1.png pdf

Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK1.1 (active thickness 35 m) and HPK-3.2 (active thickness 50 m). The horizontal line indicates the HGTD lower charge limit of 4 fC at all fluences. The HPK-1.1 did not satisfy the charge requirement for highest fluence. Measurements were performed at -30◦C except for the pre-rad measurement that was done at 20◦C. Plot_HPK12_bias_voltage_vs_charge-1.png pdf
Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK3.2. The horizontal line indicates the HGTD lower charge limit of 4 fC at all fluences. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy). Measurements were performed at -30◦C except for the pre-rad measurement that was done at 20◦C. Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_charge-1.png pdf
Time resolution as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-3.2 sensors measured on custom-made HGTD-specific readout boards. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy). The red line represents the maximum allowed time resolution (70 ps) in the lifetime of HGTD. Measurements were performed at -30◦C except for the pre-rad measurement that was done at 20◦C.

Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_time_res-1.png

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Dec 2019 Radiation levels in HGTD Link to original figures without rings replacement

Expected Si 1MeV neq radiation levels in HGTD, using Fluka simulations, as a function of the radius considering a replacement of the inner ring every 1000 fb^-1 and the middle ring replaced at 2000 fb^-1. For the radiation levels, the particle type is included and the contribution from charged hadrons is included in Others. These curves included a factor of 1.5 to account for simulation uncertainty. Figures are based off original figures. Fluence-sensor-plot3.pdf pdf
Expected Done [MGy] radiation levels in HGTD, using Fluka simulations, as a function of the radius considering a replacement of the inner ring every 1000 fb^-1 and the middle ring replaced at 2000 fb^-1. For the radiation levels, the particle type is included and the contribution from charged hadrons is included in Others. These curves included a factor of 1.5 to account for simulation uncertainty. An additional factor of 1.5 is applied to the TID to account for low dose rate effects on the electronics, leading to a SF = 2.25. Figures are based off original figures. TID-sensor_asic-plot.pdf pdf

2019 Sensor Performance from testbeam

LGAD (Low Gain Avalanche Diode) sensors have been exposed to 5 GeV electrons at DESY TB22 beam line in March and May 2019.

  • Sensor characteristics: LGAD arrays and single pad sensors of 1 x 1 mm2 with a 45 μm thickness produced by CNM (runs 10478 & 10924), HPK, FBK and NDL vendors.
  • The setup was equipped with a 3x3x10 mm3 quartz read out by a SiPM to have a reference.

Collected charge as a function of the bias voltage for a 1 x 1 mm2 CNM Gallium-doped LGAD irradiated to 3e15 neq/cm2. The collected charge is obtained from a Landau-Gauss convoluted function and defined as the Most Provable Value of the fit. CNM_W6S1006_3e15n_charge_voltage_plot

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Time resolution as a function of the collected charge for a 1 x 1 mm2 CNM Gallium-doped LGAD irradiated to 3e15 neq/cm2. The time of the reference sensor is extracted at 20% of the signal amplitude and for the Gallium irradiated sensor is extracted at 50% of the signal amplitude. The contribution to the time resolution from the reference sensor is already subtracted. CNM_W6S1006_3e15n_timeresolution_charge_plot

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Time difference distribution between the time at a CFD=50% for the CNM Gallium sensor and the time at a CFD=20% for the reference sensor. timing_fit_20_50

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Signal efficiency in a 1 x 1 mm2 CNM Gallium-doped LGAD irradiated to 3e15 neq/cm2, as a function of the reconstructed position X and Y of particles (in mm). The efficiency is defined as the ratio between the number of tracks with a collected charge larger than 2 fC and the total number of reconstructed tracks that are extrapolated to the sensitive area of the sensor, where only single track events are considered. A cut of 2 fC equivalent to 15mV is applied because it is the minimum charge required by the ALTIROC discriminator. The efficiency in the bulk is 99.1%. batch608_eff_map_2fC_high_stats_plot

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Time resolution of a a 1 x 1 mm2 CNM Gallium-doped LGAD irradiated to 3e15 neq/cm2, as a function of the reconstructed position X and Y of particles (in mm) for the full sensor. Each bin size is 100 x 100 μm2 to ensure sufficient statistics. A cut of 2 fC equivalent to 15mV is applied because it is the minimum charge required by the ALTIROC discriminator. Time resolution degrades at the edges which also suffers from low statistics. In the central area the performance is quite homogeneous with an average time resolution of about 55 ps. The central area matches the gain layer size of 0.7 x 0.7 mm2. batch608_timing_map_2fC_fullsensor_low_stats_plot

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Time resolution of a 1 x 1 mm2 CNM Gallium-doped LGAD irradiated to 3e15 neq/cm2, as a function of the reconstructed position X and Y of particles (in mm) for the gain layer area. Each bin size is 100 x 100 μm2 to ensure sufficient statistics. A cut of 2 fC equivalent to 15mV is applied because it is the minimum charge required by the ALTIROC discriminator. In the central area the performance is quite homogeneous with an average time resolution of about 55 ps. The central area matches the gain layer size of 0.7 x 0.7 mm2. batch608_timing_map_2fC_low_stats_plot

png, pdf

2018/2019 Sim/Perf figures (TDR draft April 2019)

Module overlap scheme: Schematic drawing showing the overlap between the modules on the front and back of one cooling disk of the HGTD. The sensors overlap 20% at r > 320 mm, and 80% for r < 320 mm. Sim_July2019_1_ModuleOverlaps pdf, png
Material distributions: Material distributions for the HGTD as a function of pseudorapidity $\eta$, expressed in (a) radiation lengths $X_0$ and (b) nuclear interaction lengths $\lambda_0$. The material is broken down into various components of the HGTD. The moderator is situated completely behind the active detector but included here as it is located within the hermetic vessel of the HGTD. Sim_July2019_2a_x0 pdf, png
Material distributions: Material distributions for the HGTD as a function of pseudorapidity $\eta$, expressed in (a) radiation lengths $X_0$ and (b) nuclear interaction lengths $\lambda_0$. The material is broken down into various components of the HGTD. The moderator is situated completely behind the active detector but included here as it is located within the hermetic vessel of the HGTD. Sim_July2019_2b_lambda pdf, png
Main HGTD design parameters Sim_July2019_3_MainParameters pdf, png
Event display: Visualization of a simulated QCD dijet event showing HGTD hits and trajectories of charged particles. An angular slice has been removed, and volumes representing some ITk services and all services and supports of the HGTD are also removed to expose the individual modules. Sim_July2019_4_EventDisplay pdf, png
Module placement: The layout of individual HGTD modules is shown for the first cooling disk for (a) one quadrant without any rotation, and for (b) the full disk with the 15 degree rotation. The modules are laid out in the same way for the second cooling disk (not shown) which is rotated in the opposite direction to avoid non-instrumented gaps from overlapping for both disks. Sim_July2019_5a_ModulePlacementQuadrant pdf, png
Module placement: The layout of individual HGTD modules is shown for the first cooling disk for (a) one quadrant without any rotation, and for (b) the full disk with the 15 degree rotation. The modules are laid out in the same way for the second cooling disk (not shown) which is rotated in the opposite direction to avoid non-instrumented gaps from overlapping for both disks. Sim_July2019_5b_ModulePlacementFullDisk pdf, png
Timing resolution: The expected HGTD timing resolution (a) per hit and (b) per track as function of radius and $\eta$ after different amounts of delivered integrated luminosity at the HL-LHC. The different curves show how the sensor timing resolution deteriorates due to radiation exposure. The scenarios shown here include a planned replacement of the modules at $R < 320$~mm after half of the HL-LHC program. The intrinsic timing resolution of the sensors and the contribution from the readout electronics are both considered and are added in quadrature. Sim_July2019_6a_HitTimingResolution pdf, png
Timing resolution: The expected HGTD timing resolution (a) per hit and (b) per track as function of radius and $\eta$ after different amounts of delivered integrated luminosity at the HL-LHC. The different curves show how the sensor timing resolution deteriorates due to radiation exposure. The scenarios shown here include a planned replacement of the modules at $R < 320$~mm after half of the HL-LHC program. The intrinsic timing resolution of the sensors and the contribution from the readout electronics are both considered and are added in quadrature. Sim_July2019_6b_TrackTimingResolution pdf, png
Occupancy: Hit occupancy as a function of the radius for a pixel size of 1.3 x 1.3 mm2 at a pileup of 200. Sim_July2019_7_OccupancyITkStep3p0 pdf, png
Number of hits per track: The average number of hits as a function of the position in x-y plane. The overlap between the active areas of the modules on the front and back of the cooling plates is 80% at r < 320 mm and 20% at larger radii.. Sim_July2019_8_nHits_xy png

2018/2019 HGTD T0 calibration performance (TDR draft April 2019)

HGTD hit time distribution, before (red) and after (blue) the reference time, t0 , calibration procedure. The calibration constant is calculated every 1 ms from the mean of the smeared hit times of a grid of 15 by 15 sensors corresponding to one ASIC. The nominal hit time distribution is obtained from a Geant 4 simulation of the ATLAS Detector which includes the time resolution of the sensor and the time dispersion of the LHC collision. Non-Gaussian tails arise from late particles, backscatter, and other effects. Additional hit time smearing is applied to model the effects of clock jitter and time dispersion arising in the ASIC, flex cable, lpGBT, and FELIX. The expected systematic LHC RF variation time is added as an additional effect. Finally, a sinusoidally varying 100 ps offset of 20 ms period is added to model sources of time jitter that might arise from heat cycles or other effects. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/t0calib_fig01.png pdf
Hit time resolution, tsmear - treco after the t0 calibration procedure as a function of the variation period, and for several different choices of calibration window time, shown for R=150 mm. treco is the hit time taken from simulation and includes inherent hit time resolution effects from the sensor and electronics and the collision time spread. The tsmear term adds additional sources of time jitter from the ASIC, FELIX, flex cable, lpGBT, and ATLAS collision time drift, with an additional sinusoidally varying 100 ps offset of variable period. If no calibration is applied the time jitter is approximately 70ps and is shown as the dashed line. For a variation period of greater than 10 ms, and with the right choice of calibration window size, the calibration procedure will always improve the t0 precision. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/t0calib_fig02.png pdf
Hit time resolution, tsmear - treco after the t0 calibration procedure as a function of the variation period, and for several different choices of calibration window time, shown for R=350 mm. treco is the hit time taken from simulation and includes inherent hit time resolution effects from the sensor and electronics and the collision time spread. The tsmear term adds additional sources of time jitter from the ASIC, FELIX, flex cable, lpGBT, and ATLAS collision time drift, with an additional sinusoidally varying 100 ps offset of variable period. If no calibration is applied the time jitter is approximately 70ps and is shown as the dashed line. For a variation period of greater than 10 ms, and with the right choice of calibration window size, the calibration procedure will always improve the t0 precision. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/t0calib_fig03.png pdf

2018/2019 Sensor Performance from lab (TDR draft April 2019 )

LGAD sensors of different vendors, geometries and types have been studied by HGTD institutes, including:

  • HPK-3.1-50: Hamamatsu, 50 um thick, 1.3 mm x 1.3 mm pad size (HGTD geometry), standard doping
  • HPK-3.2-50: Hamamatsu, 50 um thick, 1.3 mm x 1.3 mm pad size (HGTD geometry), deep doping
  • FBK-UFSD3-C-60: FBK, 60 um thick, 1.3 mm x 1.3 mm pad size (HGTD geometry), with Carbon addition
  • HPK-Proto-30: Hamamatsu 30 um prototype, 0.8 mm2 pad size (small pads)
  • CNM AIDA: CNM 50 um, 1.3 mm x 1.3 mm pad size (HGTD geometry)

Microscope photo of an HPK-3.1-50 15x15 array (partial view). https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/HPK_15x15.jpg jpg

I-V measurement of 25 pads from an unirradiated HPK-3.1-50 5x5 array without UBM measured with a 5x5 probe card at room temperature (all pads and GR grounded).

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/ATLAS_HPK_5x5_SMPL_W8_P11_GRgnd-1.png pdf

Breakdown voltage 2D map of 15x15 array: 2D map of breakdown voltage of an HPK-3.1-50 15x15 array (~2x2 cm2 large sensor) measured with an automatic probe station (i.e. scanning of each pad one after another).

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/VBD2Dmap15x15ArrayType3p1.png pdf

Time resolution vs. gain for two irradiated HPK LGADs of 50 and 30 um thicknesses with time walk correction applied.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/tdr_timing_50_30um_CFD50-1.png pdf

Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-3.1-50 sensors. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers 70 MeV p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy). Measurements were performed at -30 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/HPK_31_CC-1.png pdf

Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-3.2-50 sensors after n irradiation (n). Measurements were performed at -30 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/HPK_32_CC-1.png pdf

Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for FBK-UFSD3-C-60 sensors after n irradiation (n). Measurements were performed at -30 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/FBK_CC-1.png pdf

Collected charge as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-Proto-30 sensors after n irradiation (n). Measurements were performed at -20 C and -27 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/HPK_30_CC-1.png pdf

Time resolution as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-3.1-50 sensors. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers 70 MeV p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy). Measurements were performed at -30 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/HPK_31_TimeRes_lin.png pdf

Time resolution as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-3.2-50 sensors after n irradiation (n). Measurements were performed at -30 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/HPK_32_TimeRes_lin.png pdf

Time resolution as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for FBK-UFSD3-C-60 sensors after n irradiation (n). Measurements were performed at -30 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/FBK_TimeRes_lin.png pdf

Time resolution as a function of bias voltage for different fluences for HPK-Proto-30 sensors after n irradiation (n). Measurements were performed at -20 C and -27 C.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/HPK_30_TimeRes_lin.png pdf

Inter-Pad distances for several HPK-3.1-50 sensors measured with a laser TCT system

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/TCT_distances-1.png pdf

Hit efficiency as a function of collected charge. The curve includes the data of 16 individual sensors before and after irradiation, which all show a universal behaviour. The threshold to accept events with a hit was chosen at a measured noise occupancy of 0.1% and 0.01%, respectively. A hit efficiency above 99% is obtained for a charge larger than 2 fC.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/eff_vs_Q.png pdf

*The charge at Vmax and 95% of Vmax as a function of fluence for the different sensor types.*

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/Charge_vs_fluence-1.png pdf

Leakage current for single pads at -30 C as a function of bias voltage for HPK-3.1-50 irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons (solid lines) and 70 MeV protons (dashed lines). The dashed-dotted horizontal line represents the ALTIROC maximum acceptable current of 5 uA.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/PD_voltage-1.png pdf

Collected charge vs bias voltage for sensors irradiated to 3E15 Neq cm-2 and 6E15 Neq cm-2, respectively. In the plots are measured data of the existing prototypes and the simulated prospect of the proposed sensors combining deep implantation of the Boron gain layer with carbon implantation.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/CC_WF_proposal_3E15-1.png pdf

Collected charge vs bias voltage for sensors irradiated to 3E15 Neq cm-2 and 6E15 Neq cm-2, respectively. In the plots are measured data of the existing prototypes and the simulated prospect of the proposed sensors combining deep implantation of the Boron gain layer with carbon implantation.

https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/CC_WF_proposal_6E15-1.png pdf

2018/2019 ALTIROC0/1 and (ALTIROC0+Sensors) performance (TDR draft April 2019)

Time of arrival in a channel of an unirradiated 2x2 LGAD array bump-bonded on an ALTIROC0 ASIC as a function of the amplitude of the preamplifier probe. The profile of the 2D distribution (black points) and a polynomial fit (red line) are superimposed. The fit is used to correct for the time walk effect. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/toa_vs_amp_TB_Oct18.png - pdf
Time resolution of a channel of an unirradiated 2x2 LGAD array bump-bonded on an ALTIROC0 ASIC as a function of the discriminator threshold (in DAC units) before and after time walk correction. A SiPM with a resolution of 40 ps is used as a time reference - it's contribution has been substracted. The amplitude of the preamplifier probe is used to correct for the time walk, resulting in a 30% improvement in the time resolution. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/B24_ch3_120_reso.png - pdf

*Jitter measured as a function of the injected charge for a Cd = 3.5 pF..

jitter_vs_Qinj.png

pdf

2017 sensors performance from Test Beam

LGAD (Low Gain Avalanche Diode) sensors have been exposed to 120 GeV charged pions at CERN SPS H6 beam line in September 2017.

  • Sensor characteristics: two arrays of four LGAD sensors of 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 with a 45 μm thickness produced by CNM (run 10478)
  • The setup was equipped with a 3x3x10 mm3 quartz read out by a SiPM to have a reference. Time resolution of reference is about 10 ps
  • More information can be found in the 2016 testbeam paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.00622

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Signal efficiency in an unirradiated array of four LGAD sensors of 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 each, as a function of the X and Y coordinates (in mm). The voltage threshold to select the signal is 3 times larger than the noise (~5mV). The efficiency in the bulk is larger than 99.8%. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/batch207_eff.gif eps - pdf
Signal efficiency in an irradiated array of four LGAD sensors of 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 each, as a function of the X and Y coordinates (in mm). The voltage threshold to select the signal is 3 times larger than the noise (~5mV). The bottom right pad is not displayed due to a broken channel in the readout board. ). The efficiency in the bulk is larger than 99.8%. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/batch507_eff.gif eps - pdf
Signal amplitude in the bulk of LGAD pads of size 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 in an array sensor. The dashed line shows the default threshold corresponding to 3 times the noise. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/pulseHeightDen7gif eps - pdf
Signal efficiency in the bulk of LGAD pads of size 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 in an array sensor as a function of the voltage threshold. The dashed line shows the default threshold corresponding to 3 times the noise. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/pulseHeightEff7gif eps - pdf
Signal efficiency in the interpad region for an unirradiated array of four LGAD sensors of 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 each, as a function of X (in mm) for 3 different voltage thresholds. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/batch207_effX.gif eps - pdf
Signal efficiency in the interpad region for an irradiated array of four LGAD sensors of 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 each, as a function of X (in mm) for 3 different voltage thresholds. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/batch507_effX.gif eps - pdf
Time resolution in an un-irradiated array of four LGAD sensors of 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 each, as a function of the X and Y coordinates (in mm). The bottom left pad is not displayed because this channel was not plugged to the same oscilloscope as the quartz+SiPM used as a reference to estimate the time resolution (in this case, more sophisticated analysis technique would be required). The time resolution is larger in the guard rings around the pads where there is no multiplication of the charge. The fluctuations are dominated by statistical fluctuations since very small bins are used in order to show the structure around the pad. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/batch207_deltaT.gif eps - pdf
Time resolution in an irradiated array of four LGAD sensors of 1.1 x 1.1 mm2 each, as a function of the X and Y coordinates (in mm). The bottom right pad is not displayed due to a broken channel in the readout board. The time resolution is larger in the guard rings around the pads where there is no multiplication of the charge. https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/batch507_deltaT.gif eps - pdf

2016 Sensors performance from Test Beam

LGAD (Low Gain Avalanche Diode) sensors have been exposed to 120 GeV charged pions at CERN SPS H6B beam line in August 2016 Sensor characteristics: * Two single pad LGAD produced by CNM through RD50 * 1.2 x 1.2 mm2 size (C=3.3 pF) * 45 μm thickness Readout : * Board designed and assembled at University of California Santa Cruz: first stage trans impedance preamplifier on printed circuit (Rf =470 Ohm) followed by a second stage broadband amplifier (gain 20 dB) * The data were read‐out by a oscilloscope with 40 GSample/s and a 2 GHz bandwidth. The setup was equipped with a 3x3x10 mm3 quartz read out by a SiPM to have a reference. Time resolution of reference is about 15‐17 ps

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Typical Pulse Shape: Typical pulse shape recorded with a LGAD sensor with 200 V bias voltage with 120 GeV pions. The charge is computed integrating the signal over the yellow area, taking into account the gain of the electronics readout (~95).

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/Pulse_33_48_3.png_

eps - pdf

Charge Distribution: Charge distribution for a LGAD biased with 150 V. A Landau convoluted by a Gaussian fit is superimposed.

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/Charge_Trigger_LandauMpv.png_

eps - pdf

Charge as a Function of Bias Voltage: Most probable value of the charge as a function of the bias voltage for two LGAD sensors.

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/Charge_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.png_

eps - pdf

Gain as a Function of Bias Voltage: Gain as a function of the bias voltage for two LGAD sensors. The gain is computed as the charge divided by 0.46 fC, which is the mean signal deposited by dE/dx in 45 μm of silicon when no amplification mechanism is present.

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/Gain_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.png_

eps - pdf

Signal to Noise Ratio: Signal to noise ratio as a function of the bias voltage for two LGAD sensors. Signal is measured as the amplitude at the signal peak. The noise is computed as the rms of the baseline and does not take into account the increase of the Landau width due to the multiplication process in the LGAD.

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/SOverN_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.png_

eps - pdf

Time Resolution: Time resolution as a function of the bias voltage for two LGAD sensors. The time of each sensor is extracted at 20 % of the signal amplitude with a linear interpolation between the measurements. The time resolution is extracted from data in which the considered sensor was not used for triggering, by computing the rms of all time differences between the considered sensor, the reference quartz/!SiPM and the trigger sensor. The resulting equation system (under the assumption of uncorrelated resolutions) is solved o obtain the time resolution. of each device.

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/timeResoProbe_vs_biasVoltage.png_

eps - pdf

Time Resolution: Time resolution as a function of the gain for two LGAD sensors. The time of each sensor is extracted at 20 % of the signal amplitude with a linear interpolation between the measurements. The time resolution is extracted from data in which the considered sensor was not used for triggering, by computing the rms of all time differences between the considered sensor, the reference quartz/!SiPM and the trigger sensor. The resulting equation system (under the assumption of uncorrelated resolutions) is solved o obtain the time resolution. of each device.

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/timeResoProbe_vs_Gain_Probe_LandauMpv.png_

eps - pdf

Signal Rise Time: Signal rise time (computed between 20% and 80 % of the signal amplitude) as a function of the bias voltage for two LGAD Sensors of each device.

_ https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/pub/AtlasPublic/HGTDPublicPlots/RiseTime_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.png_

eps - pdf

  • 0fC_vs_bias_.pdf: Figure 5.7: V op as a function of fluence after irradiation for different LGAD types for neutron (a) and proton (b) irradiation. The red horizontal line represents the maximum allowed voltage of 750 V as discussed in Section 5.5.7. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy).

  • 0fC_vs_bias_.pdf: Figure 5.7: V op as a function of fluence after irradiation for different LGAD types for neutron (a) and proton (b) irradiation. The red horizontal line represents the maximum allowed voltage of 750 V as discussed in Section 5.5.7. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy).

Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
PDFpdf 0fC_vs_bias_.pdf r1 manage 14.2 K 2020-06-16 - 03:09 SimoneMicheleMazza Figure 5.7: V op as a function of fluence after irradiation for different LGAD types for neutron (a) and proton (b) irradiation. The red horizontal line represents the maximum allowed voltage of 750 V as discussed in Section 5.5.7. Solid markers indicate n irradiation (n), open markers p irradiation at CYRIC (pCy).
PNGpng 0fC_vs_bias_n-1.png r1 manage 56.7 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf 0fC_vs_bias_n.pdf r1 manage 14.3 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng 0fC_vs_bias_p-1.png r1 manage 50.3 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf 0fC_vs_bias_p.pdf r1 manage 14.2 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng ATLAS-HGTD-2021-2022-Charge_2.5e15.png r1 manage 94.7 K 2022-06-23 - 16:41 DjamelBOUMEDIENE Study of sensors with beam tests at CERN SPS using MALT in 2021 and at DESY in 2022 (FBK, IHEP-IME and USTC-IME). Study of the collected charge, efficiency, time resolution and angular effects.
PNGpng ATLAS-HGTD-2021-2022-Efficiency_2.5e15.png r1 manage 91.3 K 2022-06-23 - 16:41 DjamelBOUMEDIENE Study of sensors with beam tests at CERN SPS using MALT in 2021 and at DESY in 2022 (FBK, IHEP-IME and USTC-IME). Study of the collected charge, efficiency, time resolution and angular effects.
PNGpng ATLAS-HGTD-2021-2022-Resolution_2.5e15.png r1 manage 93.3 K 2022-06-23 - 16:41 DjamelBOUMEDIENE Study of sensors with beam tests at CERN SPS using MALT in 2021 and at DESY in 2022 (FBK, IHEP-IME and USTC-IME). Study of the collected charge, efficiency, time resolution and angular effects.
PNGpng ATLAS-HGTD-2022-Charge_1.5e15.png r1 manage 93.9 K 2022-06-23 - 16:41 DjamelBOUMEDIENE Study of sensors with beam tests at CERN SPS using MALT in 2021 and at DESY in 2022 (FBK, IHEP-IME and USTC-IME). Study of the collected charge, efficiency, time resolution and angular effects.
PNGpng ATLAS-HGTD-2022-Efficiency_1.5e15.png r1 manage 91.1 K 2022-06-23 - 16:41 DjamelBOUMEDIENE Study of sensors with beam tests at CERN SPS using MALT in 2021 and at DESY in 2022 (FBK, IHEP-IME and USTC-IME). Study of the collected charge, efficiency, time resolution and angular effects.
PNGpng ATLAS-HGTD-2022-Resolution_1.5e15.png r1 manage 92.0 K 2022-06-23 - 16:41 DjamelBOUMEDIENE Study of sensors with beam tests at CERN SPS using MALT in 2021 and at DESY in 2022 (FBK, IHEP-IME and USTC-IME). Study of the collected charge, efficiency, time resolution and angular effects.
PNGpng ATLAS_HPK_5x5_SMPL_W8_P11_GRgnd-1.png r1 manage 85.1 K 2019-05-06 - 23:24 SimoneMicheleMazza IV of a 5x5 HPK 3.1 array with probe card
PDFpdf ATLAS_HPK_5x5_SMPL_W8_P11_GRgnd.pdf r1 manage 30.2 K 2019-05-06 - 23:24 SimoneMicheleMazza IV of a 5x5 HPK 3.1 array with probe card
PDFpdf B24_ch3_120_reso.pdf r1 manage 14.8 K 2018-11-30 - 15:29 ChristinaAgapopoulou  
PNGpng B24_ch3_120_reso.png r1 manage 47.8 K 2018-11-30 - 15:29 ChristinaAgapopoulou  
Unknown file formateps Beamspot.eps r1 manage 182.1 K 2017-07-05 - 17:31 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Beamspot.pdf r1 manage 212.3 K 2017-07-05 - 17:31 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Beamspot.png r1 manage 32.7 K 2017-07-05 - 17:31 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng CCTiming.png r1 manage 181.5 K 2022-02-10 - 14:17 GregorKramberger CC and time resolution of recent prototypes
PNGpng CC_WF_proposal_3E15-1.png r1 manage 73.3 K 2019-05-09 - 22:46 SimoneMicheleMazza Simulated collected charge for deep B+C
PDFpdf CC_WF_proposal_3E15.pdf r1 manage 16.2 K 2019-05-09 - 22:46 SimoneMicheleMazza Simulated collected charge for deep B+C
PNGpng CC_WF_proposal_6E15-1.png r1 manage 62.8 K 2019-05-09 - 22:46 SimoneMicheleMazza Simulated collected charge for deep B+C
PDFpdf CC_WF_proposal_6E15.pdf r1 manage 15.2 K 2019-05-09 - 22:46 SimoneMicheleMazza Simulated collected charge for deep B+C
PDFpdf CNM_W6S1006_3e15n_charge_voltage_plot.pdf r1 manage 7.6 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng CNM_W6S1006_3e15n_charge_voltage_plot.png r1 manage 7.3 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PDFpdf CNM_W6S1006_3e15n_timeresolution_charge_plot.pdf r1 manage 7.7 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng CNM_W6S1006_3e15n_timeresolution_charge_plot.png r1 manage 7.6 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng CURRENT_0fC_vs_bias_100-1.png r1 manage 62.1 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf CURRENT_0fC_vs_bias_100.pdf r1 manage 14.7 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng CURRENT_0fC_vs_bias_95-1.png r1 manage 60.8 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf CURRENT_0fC_vs_bias_95.pdf r1 manage 14.7 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
Unknown file formateps Charge_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.eps r1 manage 9.9 K 2016-10-14 - 17:57 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf Charge_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2016-10-14 - 17:57 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng Charge_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.png r1 manage 16.3 K 2016-10-14 - 17:57 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps Charge_Trigger_LandauMpv.eps r1 manage 12.5 K 2016-10-14 - 17:52 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf Charge_Trigger_LandauMpv.pdf r1 manage 15.9 K 2016-10-14 - 17:52 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng Charge_Trigger_LandauMpv.png r1 manage 17.7 K 2016-10-14 - 17:52 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng Charge_vs_fluence-1.png r1 manage 71.1 K 2019-05-09 - 22:51 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge vs fluence
PDFpdf Charge_vs_fluence.pdf r1 manage 15.1 K 2019-05-09 - 22:51 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge vs fluence
Unknown file formateps EffPUvsPT_fwdJets_fixedHS.eps r1 manage 11.5 K 2017-10-02 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf EffPUvsPT_fwdJets_fixedHS.pdf r1 manage 14.6 K 2017-10-02 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng EffPUvsPT_fwdJets_fixedHS.png r1 manage 41.0 K 2017-10-02 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Effic_CNM-1038-effic-2D).png r1 manage 31.7 K 2021-01-26 - 19:05 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
Unknown file formateps ElectronIsolationZ0only.eps r1 manage 10.8 K 2017-09-27 - 13:52 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf ElectronIsolationZ0only.pdf r1 manage 14.9 K 2017-09-27 - 13:52 DirkZerwas  
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Unknown file formateps Electrons_nCells.eps r1 manage 79.7 K 2017-07-05 - 18:02 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Electrons_nCells.pdf r1 manage 34.5 K 2017-07-05 - 18:02 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Electrons_nCells.png r1 manage 104.4 K 2017-07-05 - 18:02 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf EventDisplay_CellsXYN_jet.pdf r1 manage 97.8 K 2016-10-14 - 17:20 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng EventDisplay_CellsXYN_jet.png r1 manage 48.8 K 2016-10-14 - 17:20 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf EventDisplay_CellsXYN_jet_mu0.pdf r1 manage 69.6 K 2016-10-14 - 17:20 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng EventDisplay_CellsXYN_jet_mu0.png r1 manage 28.1 K 2016-10-14 - 17:20 MartinAleksa  
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PNGpng EventDisplay_CellsXYP_jet.png r1 manage 63.0 K 2016-10-14 - 17:20 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf EventDisplay_CellsXYP_jet_mu0.pdf r1 manage 70.3 K 2016-10-14 - 17:20 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng EventDisplay_CellsXYP_jet_mu0.png r1 manage 28.8 K 2016-10-14 - 17:20 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf EventDisplay_CellsdT_core1_Jet1.pdf r1 manage 15.1 K 2016-10-14 - 17:23 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng EventDisplay_CellsdT_core1_Jet1.png r1 manage 15.4 K 2016-10-14 - 17:23 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf EventDisplay_CellsdT_core2_Jet1.pdf r1 manage 15.3 K 2016-10-14 - 17:23 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng EventDisplay_CellsdT_core2_Jet1.png r1 manage 15.7 K 2016-10-14 - 17:23 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf EventDisplay_CellsdT_jet_Jet1.pdf r1 manage 15.4 K 2016-10-14 - 17:23 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng EventDisplay_CellsdT_jet_Jet1.png r1 manage 16.2 K 2016-10-14 - 17:23 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng FBK_CC-1.png r1 manage 61.4 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PDFpdf FBK_CC.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PNGpng FBK_TimeRes-1.png r1 manage 61.3 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf FBK_TimeRes.pdf r1 manage 14.7 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf FBK_TimeRes_lin.pdf r1 manage 15.1 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
PNGpng FBK_TimeRes_lin.png r1 manage 1215.0 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
PNGpng Fig-10a_Plot_folder_HPK_prerad_Max_Plot_HPK2_bias_voltage_vs_charge-1.png r1 manage 93.2 K 2020-05-16 - 01:43 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Fig-10a_Plot_folder_HPK_prerad_Max_Plot_HPK2_bias_voltage_vs_charge.pdf r1 manage 62.9 K 2020-05-16 - 01:41 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng Fig-10b_Plot_folder_HPK_prerad_Max_Plot_HPK2_bias_voltage_vs_time_res-1.png r1 manage 88.1 K 2020-05-16 - 01:43 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Fig-10b_Plot_folder_HPK_prerad_Max_Plot_HPK2_bias_voltage_vs_time_res.pdf r1 manage 62.5 K 2020-05-16 - 01:40 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng Fig-3_HPK-Prototype-Single-IVs-1.png r1 manage 120.2 K 2020-05-16 - 01:43 SimoneMicheleMazza  
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PNGpng Fig-6a_CVL-1.png r1 manage 91.8 K 2020-05-16 - 01:42 SimoneMicheleMazza  
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PNGpng Fig-6b_C2V_Log-1.png r1 manage 77.5 K 2020-05-16 - 01:42 SimoneMicheleMazza  
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PDFpdf Fig-8d_Corr_VBD_VGLIV_32_5x5.pdf r1 manage 15.6 K 2020-05-16 - 01:41 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng Fig-9b_Fit_distances_vendors_vv1-1.png r1 manage 71.1 K 2020-05-16 - 01:43 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Fig-9b_Fit_distances_vendors_vv1.pdf r1 manage 89.0 K 2020-05-16 - 01:41 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Fluence-sensor-plot3.pdf r1 manage 21.5 K 2020-05-07 - 14:21 StefanG  
Unknown file formateps Gain_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.eps r1 manage 10.0 K 2016-10-14 - 17:57 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf Gain_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.pdf r1 manage 14.6 K 2016-10-14 - 17:57 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng Gain_Probe_LandauMpv_vs_biasVoltage.png r1 manage 16.1 K 2016-10-14 - 17:57 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps HGTD-0v0.eps r1 manage 163.6 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTD-0v0.pdf r1 manage 30.3 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
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Unknown file formateps HGTD-3v1.eps r1 manage 175.6 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTD-3v1.pdf r1 manage 30.0 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng HGTD-3v1.png r1 manage 56.6 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure1.pdf r1 manage 458.7 K 2022-06-14 - 14:52 GregorKramberger Inter-pad measurements for USTC-IMEV2.1 W19 sensor (IR laser)
PNGpng HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure1.png r1 manage 317.0 K 2022-06-14 - 15:07 GregorKramberger  
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure2.pdf r1 manage 455.3 K 2022-06-14 - 14:53 GregorKramberger IP distance dependance on bias votlage USTC-IME-V2.1
PNGpng HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure2.png r1 manage 134.5 K 2022-06-14 - 15:10 GregorKramberger  
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure3.pdf r1 manage 444.4 K 2022-06-14 - 14:55 GregorKramberger Effective vs Nominal IP for USTC-IME-V2.1 sensors
PNGpng HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure3.png r2 r1 manage 134.5 K 2022-06-14 - 15:22 GregorKramberger  
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure4.pdf r1 manage 612.8 K 2022-06-14 - 14:56 GregorKramberger Sr90 CC and timing results for irradiated USTC-IME-V2.1 sensors
PNGpng HGTD-Sensors-Approval_plots_for_USTC-IME-v2.1_Figure4.png r1 manage 134.8 K 2022-06-14 - 15:20 GregorKramberger  
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Jan2022-Figure1.pdf r1 manage 407.8 K 2022-01-31 - 11:57 GregorKramberger Gain layer depletion voltage dependence on neutron equivalent fluence for most of the prototypes studied.
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Jan2022-Figure2.pdf r1 manage 499.7 K 2022-01-31 - 12:00 GregorKramberger Charge collection and timing properties of the recent prototypes irradiated to the equivalent fluence of 2.5e15 cm-2.
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Jan2022-Figure3.pdf r1 manage 320.1 K 2022-01-31 - 12:02 GregorKramberger SEB safe operation voltage determined from 2020-21 test beam measurements.
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Jan2022-Figure4.pdf r1 manage 288.3 K 2022-01-31 - 12:03 GregorKramberger Example of SEB event in the 2019 DESY test beam.
PDFpdf HGTD-Sensors-Jan2022-Figure5.pdf r1 manage 550.8 K 2022-01-31 - 12:05 GregorKramberger IV of larger 15x15 sensor from IHEP-IMEv2 production.
Unknown file formateps HGTD-SiW.eps r1 manage 15.9 K 2016-10-14 - 16:27 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTD-SiW.pdf r1 manage 18.9 K 2016-10-14 - 16:27 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng HGTD-SiW.png r1 manage 33.5 K 2016-10-14 - 16:27 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTD-radplots.pdf r1 manage 146.7 K 2016-10-17 - 17:12 AnaHenriques HGTDLGAD_rad_tolerance
PDFpdf HGTD_radiationlevels.pdf r1 manage 180.1 K 2016-10-17 - 17:10 AnaHenriques HGTD expected radiation levels
Unknown file formateps HGTD_trkIso_vs_density_time30_60_final_eta0_3.6.eps r1 manage 16.0 K 2017-07-03 - 18:32 DirkZerwas  
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PNGpng HGTD_trkIso_vs_density_time30_60_final_eta0_3.6.png r1 manage 42.0 K 2017-07-03 - 18:32 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps HGTD_trkIso_vs_density_time30_60_final_eta2.6_3.6.eps r2 r1 manage 15.9 K 2017-06-19 - 08:47 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTD_trkIso_vs_density_time30_60_final_eta2.6_3.6.pdf r1 manage 15.8 K 2017-06-19 - 08:47 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTD_trkIso_vs_density_time30_60_final_eta2.6_3.6.pdf.pdf r1 manage 62.3 K 2017-06-13 - 10:37 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng HGTD_trkIso_vs_density_time30_60_final_eta2.6_3.6.png r2 r1 manage 64.6 K 2017-06-19 - 08:47 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps HGTDasu200x200V1.eps r1 manage 59.8 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTDasu200x200V1.pdf r1 manage 21.5 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
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Unknown file formateps HGTimingV7.eps r1 manage 100.1 K 2016-10-14 - 17:06 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf HGTimingV7.pdf r1 manage 39.7 K 2016-10-14 - 17:07 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng HGTimingV7.png r1 manage 343.7 K 2016-10-14 - 17:07 MartinAleksa  
JPEGjpg HPK_15x15.jpg r1 manage 212.5 K 2019-04-30 - 21:36 SimoneMicheleMazza Microscope photo of an HPK-3.1-50 15x15 array
PNGpng HPK_30_CC-1.png r1 manage 69.8 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PDFpdf HPK_30_CC.pdf r1 manage 14.8 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PNGpng HPK_30_TimeRes-1.png r1 manage 67.1 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf HPK_30_TimeRes.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf HPK_30_TimeRes_lin.pdf r1 manage 14.9 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
PNGpng HPK_30_TimeRes_lin.png r1 manage 1215.0 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
PNGpng HPK_31_CC-1.png r1 manage 79.0 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PDFpdf HPK_31_CC.pdf r1 manage 16.3 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PNGpng HPK_31_TimeRes-1.png r1 manage 79.3 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf HPK_31_TimeRes.pdf r1 manage 16.1 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf HPK_31_TimeRes_lin.pdf r1 manage 16.4 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
PNGpng HPK_31_TimeRes_lin.png r1 manage 1215.0 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
PNGpng HPK_32_CC-1.png r1 manage 62.8 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PDFpdf HPK_32_CC.pdf r1 manage 15.4 K 2019-05-06 - 22:12 SimoneMicheleMazza Collected charge for HGTD TDR studied sensors
PNGpng HPK_32_TimeRes-1.png r1 manage 66.3 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf HPK_32_TimeRes.pdf r1 manage 15.2 K 2019-05-09 - 22:39 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs
PDFpdf HPK_32_TimeRes_lin.pdf r1 manage 15.6 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
PNGpng HPK_32_TimeRes_lin.png r1 manage 1215.0 K 2019-05-14 - 01:07 SimoneMicheleMazza Time resolution for HGTD LGADs (linear scale)
Unknown file formateps HSeffPU2_highpt_18.eps r2 r1 manage 13.2 K 2017-07-05 - 15:01 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf HSeffPU2_highpt_18.pdf r2 r1 manage 15.5 K 2017-07-05 - 15:01 DirkZerwas  
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Unknown file formateps HSeffPU2_lowpt_17.eps r2 r1 manage 13.3 K 2017-07-05 - 15:01 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf HSeffPU2_lowpt_17.pdf r2 r1 manage 15.5 K 2017-07-05 - 15:01 DirkZerwas  
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PNGpng IHEP-IMEv2-15x15.png r1 manage 621.7 K 2022-02-10 - 14:29 GregorKramberger IHEP-IMEv2-15x15
Unknown file formateps IPZ.eps r1 manage 13.0 K 2017-09-29 - 19:24 ArielSchwartzman  
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PDFpdf IrradAmp.pdf r1 manage 22.0 K 2020-05-29 - 14:53 MakovecNikola  
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PDFpdf LumiRelativeStatErrorVsMu.pdf r1 manage 14.7 K 2018-02-20 - 11:46 ChristianOhm  
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PDFpdf METFraction.pdf r1 manage 17.7 K 2017-10-02 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
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Unknown file formateps Muons_ESpectrum.eps r1 manage 9.1 K 2016-10-14 - 16:33 MartinAleksa  
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Unknown file formateps Muons_EfctR.eps r1 manage 10.2 K 2016-10-14 - 16:38 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif Muons_EfctR.gif r1 manage 8.0 K 2016-10-14 - 16:38 MartinAleksa  
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Unknown file formateps Muons_effR0.eps r1 manage 10.5 K 2016-10-14 - 16:39 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif Muons_effR0.gif r1 manage 9.9 K 2016-10-14 - 16:39 MartinAleksa  
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Unknown file formateps Muons_effR4.eps r1 manage 10.6 K 2016-10-14 - 16:39 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif Muons_effR4.gif r1 manage 10.0 K 2016-10-14 - 16:39 MartinAleksa  
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Unknown file formateps Muons_effXY0.eps r1 manage 14.9 K 2016-10-14 - 16:45 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif Muons_effXY0.gif r1 manage 14.4 K 2016-10-14 - 16:45 MartinAleksa  
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Unknown file formateps Muons_effXY4.eps r1 manage 68.4 K 2016-10-14 - 16:45 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif Muons_effXY4.gif r1 manage 21.8 K 2016-10-14 - 16:45 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf Muons_effXY4.pdf r1 manage 25.6 K 2016-10-14 - 16:45 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps Occupancy_MB_Si_all.eps r1 manage 102.6 K 2017-09-29 - 11:21 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Occupancy_MB_Si_all.pdf r1 manage 23.4 K 2017-09-29 - 11:21 DirkZerwas  
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PNGpng PD_voltage-1.png r1 manage 73.4 K 2019-05-09 - 22:51 SimoneMicheleMazza Power dissipation
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Unknown file formateps PUeffpt3050.eps r1 manage 11.4 K 2017-10-02 - 13:15 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf PUeffpt3050.pdf r1 manage 14.6 K 2017-10-02 - 13:15 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps PUeffpt3050.pdf.eps r1 manage 11.4 K 2017-10-02 - 13:13 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf PUeffpt3050.pdf.pdf r1 manage 14.6 K 2017-10-02 - 13:13 DirkZerwas  
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Unknown file formateps Photons_nCellsC0.eps r1 manage 71.6 K 2017-07-05 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Photons_nCellsC0.pdf r1 manage 31.9 K 2017-07-05 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
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PNGpng Plot_CNMAIDA_bias_voltage_vs_charge_-1.png r1 manage 68.4 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Plot_CNMAIDA_bias_voltage_vs_charge_.pdf r1 manage 19.6 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
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PDFpdf Plot_CNMAIDA_bias_voltage_vs_time_res_.pdf r1 manage 19.2 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng Plot_HPK12_bias_voltage_vs_charge-1.png r1 manage 72.8 K 2020-05-16 - 02:53 SimoneMicheleMazza  
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PNGpng Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_charge-1.png r2 r1 manage 81.6 K 2020-05-16 - 02:48 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_charge.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.6 K 2020-05-16 - 02:48 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_charge_-1.png r1 manage 84.3 K 2020-06-16 - 03:59 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_charge_.pdf r1 manage 20.5 K 2020-06-16 - 03:55 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_time_res-1.png r1 manage 85.6 K 2020-05-16 - 02:48 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf Plot_HPK32_bias_voltage_vs_time_res.pdf r1 manage 20.7 K 2020-05-16 - 02:48 SimoneMicheleMazza  
Unknown file formateps Pulse_33_48_3.eps r1 manage 10.9 K 2016-10-14 - 17:52 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf Pulse_33_48_3.pdf r1 manage 16.5 K 2016-10-14 - 17:52 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng Pulse_33_48_3.png r1 manage 14.9 K 2016-10-14 - 17:52 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps Pulse_Nominal.eps r1 manage 88.8 K 2017-07-05 - 17:47 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Pulse_Nominal.pdf r1 manage 52.8 K 2017-07-05 - 17:47 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Pulse_Nominal.png r1 manage 15.8 K 2017-07-05 - 17:47 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps RMSMETPU2HGTD.eps r1 manage 10.9 K 2017-10-02 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf RMSMETPU2HGTD.pdf r1 manage 14.1 K 2017-10-02 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng RMSMETPU2HGTD.png r1 manage 40.9 K 2017-10-02 - 18:03 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps ROC24-38_16.eps r1 manage 12.2 K 2017-07-05 - 16:16 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf ROC24-38_16.pdf r1 manage 15.1 K 2017-07-05 - 16:17 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng ROC24-38_16.png r2 r1 manage 69.0 K 2017-07-05 - 16:16 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Radiation_IDR_last.pdf r2 r1 manage 215.6 K 2017-02-23 - 10:30 AnaHenriques  
Unknown file formateps RiseTime_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.eps r1 manage 9.2 K 2016-10-14 - 18:09 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf RiseTime_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.pdf r1 manage 14.4 K 2016-10-14 - 18:09 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng RiseTime_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.png r1 manage 16.5 K 2016-10-14 - 18:09 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps SOverN_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.eps r1 manage 9.2 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf SOverN_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.pdf r1 manage 14.3 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng SOverN_Probe_GausMean_vs_biasVoltage.png r1 manage 15.6 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps Si-ItkIncl-Nom-minbiasLowPt-nHitsVsMu-Eta2p8to3p0.eps r1 manage 18.9 K 2017-07-05 - 16:12 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Si-ItkIncl-Nom-minbiasLowPt-nHitsVsMu-Eta2p8to3p0.pdf r1 manage 21.2 K 2017-07-05 - 16:12 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Si-ItkIncl-Nom-minbiasLowPt-nHitsVsMu-Eta2p8to3p0.png r1 manage 42.8 K 2017-07-05 - 16:12 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps Si-ItkIncl-Nom-minbiasLowPt-nHitsVsMu-Etafull.eps r1 manage 16.5 K 2017-07-05 - 16:12 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Si-ItkIncl-Nom-minbiasLowPt-nHitsVsMu-Etafull.pdf r1 manage 20.1 K 2017-07-05 - 16:12 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Si-ItkIncl-Nom-minbiasLowPt-nHitsVsMu-Etafull.png r1 manage 40.9 K 2017-07-05 - 16:12 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_1_ModuleOverlaps.pdf r1 manage 30.3 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PNGpng Sim_July2019_1_ModuleOverlaps.png r1 manage 35.5 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_2a_x0.pdf r1 manage 99.9 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PNGpng Sim_July2019_2a_x0.png r1 manage 186.1 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_2b_lambda.pdf r1 manage 144.7 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PNGpng Sim_July2019_2b_lambda.png r1 manage 166.3 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_3_MainParameters.pdf r1 manage 91.4 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PNGpng Sim_July2019_3_MainParameters.png r1 manage 43.7 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PNGpng Sim_July2019_4_EventDisplay.png r1 manage 289.8 K 2019-07-13 - 10:32 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 1
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_5a_ModulePlacementQuadrant.pdf r2 r1 manage 239.3 K 2019-07-13 - 11:22 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PNGpng Sim_July2019_5a_ModulePlacementQuadrant.png r2 r1 manage 743.0 K 2019-07-13 - 11:22 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_5b_ModulePlacementFullDisk.pdf r2 r1 manage 551.6 K 2020-01-10 - 13:34 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PNGpng Sim_July2019_5b_ModulePlacementFullDisk.png r2 r1 manage 1124.8 K 2019-07-13 - 11:21 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_6a_HitTimingResolution.pdf r1 manage 23.1 K 2019-07-13 - 10:35 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PNGpng Sim_July2019_6a_HitTimingResolution.png r1 manage 189.9 K 2019-07-13 - 10:35 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_6b_TrackTimingResolution.pdf r1 manage 23.3 K 2019-07-13 - 10:35 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PNGpng Sim_July2019_6b_TrackTimingResolution.png r1 manage 201.3 K 2019-07-13 - 10:35 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PDFpdf Sim_July2019_7_OccupancyITkStep3p0.pdf r1 manage 127.2 K 2019-07-13 - 10:35 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PNGpng Sim_July2019_7_OccupancyITkStep3p0.png r1 manage 49.8 K 2019-07-13 - 10:35 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 2
PNGpng Sim_July2019_8_nHits_xy.png r1 manage 361.4 K 2019-07-13 - 10:36 ChristianOhm Simulation performance plots July 2019, batch 3
PDFpdf TB_Oct18_toaDistr_tw.pdf r1 manage 16.2 K 2018-11-30 - 13:58 ChristinaAgapopoulou  
PNGpng TB_Oct18_toaDistr_tw.png r1 manage 39.3 K 2018-11-30 - 14:14 ChristinaAgapopoulou  
PNGpng TCT_distances-1.png r1 manage 83.6 K 2019-05-09 - 22:52 SimoneMicheleMazza IP distances with TCT
PDFpdf TCT_distances.pdf r1 manage 18.5 K 2019-05-09 - 22:52 SimoneMicheleMazza IP distances with TCT
PDFpdf TDCTDR.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2020-05-29 - 14:34 MakovecNikola  
PNGpng TDCTDR.png r1 manage 14.4 K 2020-05-29 - 14:34 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf TID-sensor_asic-plot.pdf r1 manage 17.7 K 2020-05-07 - 14:21 StefanG  
Unknown file formateps TOA.eps r1 manage 10.5 K 2017-07-05 - 17:43 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TOA.pdf r1 manage 15.2 K 2017-07-05 - 17:43 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng TOA.png r1 manage 15.2 K 2017-07-05 - 17:43 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TOTCmean_TDR2.pdf r1 manage 14.7 K 2020-05-29 - 14:45 MakovecNikola  
PNGpng TOTCmean_TDR2.png r1 manage 12.8 K 2020-05-29 - 14:45 MakovecNikola  
Unknown file formateps TrackMatchEff_pt.eps r1 manage 10.9 K 2017-07-04 - 19:36 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TrackMatchEff_pt.pdf r1 manage 14.9 K 2017-07-04 - 19:37 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng TrackMatchEff_pt.png r1 manage 19.3 K 2017-07-04 - 19:37 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps TrackTimeMatchEff_EffvsPt.eps r1 manage 10.9 K 2017-07-04 - 19:36 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TrackTimeMatchEff_EffvsPt.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2017-07-04 - 19:36 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng TrackTimeMatchEff_EffvsPt.png r1 manage 20.0 K 2017-07-04 - 19:36 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps TrackdTPublicPlot_1mm.eps r1 manage 14.8 K 2017-07-04 - 19:36 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TrackdTPublicPlot_1mm.pdf r1 manage 19.0 K 2017-07-04 - 19:36 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng TrackdTPublicPlot_1mm.png r1 manage 23.9 K 2017-07-05 - 07:49 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps TrackdTPublicPlot_3mm.eps r1 manage 15.0 K 2017-07-05 - 07:49 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TrackdTPublicPlot_3mm.pdf r1 manage 19.3 K 2017-07-05 - 07:48 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng TrackdTPublicPlot_3mm.png r1 manage 25.8 K 2017-07-05 - 07:48 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps TrackdXPublicPlot_1mm.eps r2 r1 manage 13.2 K 2017-07-05 - 07:58 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TrackdXPublicPlot_1mm.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.0 K 2017-07-05 - 07:58 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng TrackdXPublicPlot_1mm.png r2 r1 manage 19.4 K 2017-07-05 - 07:58 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps TrackdXPublicPlot_3mm.eps r2 r1 manage 14.2 K 2017-07-05 - 07:57 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf TrackdXPublicPlot_3mm.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.3 K 2017-07-05 - 07:57 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng TrackdXPublicPlot_3mm.png r2 r1 manage 21.1 K 2017-07-05 - 07:57 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps Treco.eps r1 manage 11.9 K 2017-07-05 - 17:47 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Treco.pdf r1 manage 16.6 K 2017-07-05 - 17:47 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Treco.png r1 manage 14.3 K 2017-07-05 - 17:47 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps Truth_Vertex.eps r2 r1 manage 15.9 K 2017-09-21 - 09:30 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Truth_Vertex.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.7 K 2017-09-21 - 09:31 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Truth_Vertex.png r2 r1 manage 28.1 K 2017-09-21 - 10:09 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps Truth_Vertex_zoom.eps r2 r1 manage 12.1 K 2017-09-21 - 09:32 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf Truth_Vertex_zoom.pdf r2 r1 manage 15.4 K 2017-09-21 - 09:33 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng Truth_Vertex_zoom.png r2 r1 manage 19.1 K 2017-09-21 - 09:34 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf VBD2Dmap15x15ArrayType3p1.pdf r1 manage 15.1 K 2019-05-02 - 11:15 JoernLange VBD map of HPK-3.1-50 15x15 array
PNGpng VBD2Dmap15x15ArrayType3p1.png r1 manage 15.4 K 2019-05-02 - 11:34 JoernLange VBD map of HPK-3.1-50 15x15 array
PNGpng VglVsFluence.png r1 manage 133.1 K 2022-02-10 - 14:10 GregorKramberger Vgl dependence on fluence
PNGpng Vseb.png r1 manage 101.6 K 2022-02-10 - 14:21 GregorKramberger Single Event Burnout voltage dependence on sensor thickness
Unknown file formateps W11_HG11_effR_vs_y.eps r1 manage 21.4 K 2017-01-24 - 18:06 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf W11_HG11_effR_vs_y.pdf r1 manage 17.8 K 2017-01-24 - 18:06 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng W11_HG11_effR_vs_y.png r1 manage 32.6 K 2017-01-24 - 18:06 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps bVSlight__MV1.eps r1 manage 32.8 K 2017-09-29 - 13:06 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf bVSlight__MV1.pdf r1 manage 43.2 K 2017-09-29 - 13:06 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng bVSlight__MV1.png r1 manage 26.4 K 2017-09-29 - 13:06 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps batch207_deltaT.eps r1 manage 183.9 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif batch207_deltaT.gif r1 manage 31.8 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf batch207_deltaT.pdf r1 manage 38.2 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
Unknown file formateps batch207_eff.eps r1 manage 176.6 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif batch207_eff.gif r1 manage 23.9 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf batch207_eff.pdf r1 manage 42.1 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
Unknown file formateps batch207_effX.eps r1 manage 23.9 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif batch207_effX.gif r1 manage 20.3 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf batch207_effX.pdf r1 manage 25.4 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
Unknown file formateps batch507_deltaT.eps r1 manage 217.2 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif batch507_deltaT.gif r1 manage 38.0 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf batch507_deltaT.pdf r1 manage 41.3 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
Unknown file formateps batch507_eff.eps r1 manage 132.9 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif batch507_eff.gif r1 manage 21.0 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf batch507_eff.pdf r1 manage 35.3 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
Unknown file formateps batch507_effX.eps r1 manage 26.3 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif batch507_effX.gif r1 manage 22.8 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf batch507_effX.pdf r1 manage 28.1 K 2018-05-17 - 15:30 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf batch608_eff_map_2fC_high_stats_plot.pdf r1 manage 9.7 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng batch608_eff_map_2fC_high_stats_plot.png r1 manage 12.4 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PDFpdf batch608_timing_map_2fC_fullsensor_low_stats_plot.pdf r1 manage 9.2 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng batch608_timing_map_2fC_fullsensor_low_stats_plot.png r1 manage 11.3 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PDFpdf batch608_timing_map_2fC_low_stats_plot.pdf r1 manage 8.9 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng batch608_timing_map_2fC_low_stats_plot.png r1 manage 9.9 K 2020-05-06 - 10:34 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng bias_voltage_vs_charge_0fC_vs_bias_n-1.png r1 manage 53.7 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf bias_voltage_vs_charge_0fC_vs_bias_n.pdf r1 manage 14.4 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng bias_voltage_vs_charge_0fC_vs_bias_p-1.png r1 manage 48.0 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf bias_voltage_vs_charge_0fC_vs_bias_p.pdf r1 manage 14.3 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng bias_voltage_vs_time_res_0fC_vs_bias_n-1.png r1 manage 51.7 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf bias_voltage_vs_time_res_0fC_vs_bias_n.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2020-06-16 - 03:33 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng bias_voltage_vs_time_res_0fC_vs_bias_p-1.png r1 manage 48.0 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf bias_voltage_vs_time_res_0fC_vs_bias_p.pdf r1 manage 14.4 K 2020-06-16 - 03:34 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf chargeCNM_prelim.pdf r1 manage 17.2 K 2022-02-21 - 10:21 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge MPV forCNM versus bias voltage
PNGpng chargeCNM_prelim.png r1 manage 160.7 K 2022-02-23 - 16:15 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge for CNM versus bias voltage
PDFpdf chargeHPK_prelim.pdf r1 manage 16.1 K 2022-02-21 - 10:52 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge MPV for HPK versus bias voltage
PNGpng chargeHPK_prelim.png r1 manage 167.1 K 2022-02-23 - 16:16 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge for HPK versus bias voltage
Unix shell scriptsh convert.sh r1 manage 0.2 K 2019-07-13 - 13:06 ChristianOhm Script for converting PDF files to PNG with appropriate quality and size
PDFpdf dTOA_B13_ch3_reso_380.pdf r1 manage 16.7 K 2020-05-29 - 20:37 MakovecNikola  
PNGpng dTOA_B13_ch3_reso_380.png r1 manage 38.5 K 2020-05-29 - 20:37 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf delayScanTrigExt_B_2_ch_0_TDR.pdf r1 manage 17.6 K 2020-05-29 - 14:34 MakovecNikola  
PNGpng delayScanTrigExt_B_2_ch_0_TDR.png r1 manage 15.8 K 2020-05-29 - 14:34 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf distrib-fbk-angle-charge.pdf r1 manage 14.8 K 2022-06-27 - 00:22 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge distribution for several beam incidence angles at DESY test beam (FBK)
PNGpng distrib-fbk-angle-charge.png r1 manage 24.1 K 2022-06-27 - 00:22 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge distribution for several beam incidence angles at DESY test beam (FBK)
PDFpdf distrib-ime-angle-charge.pdf r1 manage 14.8 K 2022-06-27 - 00:23 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge distribution for several beam incidence angles at DESY test beam (IHEP-IME)
PNGpng distrib-ime-angle-charge.png r1 manage 26.2 K 2022-06-27 - 00:23 LuciaCastilloGarcia Charge distribution for several beam incidence angles at DESY test beam (IHEP-IME)
PDFpdf eff_TDR.pdf r1 manage 14.6 K 2020-05-29 - 14:45 MakovecNikola  
PNGpng eff_TDR.png r1 manage 14.5 K 2020-05-29 - 14:45 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf eff_vs_Q.pdf r1 manage 19.2 K 2019-05-09 - 13:42 JoernLange  
PNGpng eff_vs_Q.png r1 manage 85.0 K 2019-05-09 - 13:42 JoernLange  
PDFpdf effic_vs_Q_W6.pdf r1 manage 15.8 K 2021-01-26 - 19:05 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
PNGpng effic_vs_Q_W6.png r1 manage 45.0 K 2021-01-26 - 19:05 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
PDFpdf effic_vs_V_W6.pdf r1 manage 14.8 K 2021-01-26 - 19:05 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
PNGpng effic_vs_V_W6.png r1 manage 37.2 K 2021-01-26 - 19:05 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
PNGpng efficiency_map_IHEP-IMEv2-W7Q2.png r1 manage 137.7 K 2022-06-23 - 16:41 DjamelBOUMEDIENE Study of sensors with beam tests at CERN SPS using MALT in 2021 and at DESY in 2022 (FBK, IHEP-IME and USTC-IME). Study of the collected charge, efficiency, time resolution and angular effects.
Unknown file formateps elec_Display_0.eps r1 manage 49.8 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif elec_Display_0.gif r1 manage 11.1 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf elec_Display_0.pdf r1 manage 24.2 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps elec_Display_200.eps r1 manage 5681.9 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif elec_Display_200.gif r1 manage 33.5 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf elec_Display_200.pdf r1 manage 1287.7 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps elec_Display_lego200.eps r1 manage 226.8 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif elec_Display_lego200.gif r1 manage 21.7 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf elec_Display_lego200.pdf r1 manage 59.2 K 2016-10-14 - 16:48 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps elec_Display_lego200_all.eps r1 manage 49160.3 K 2017-07-06 - 11:46 DirkZerwas  
GIFgif elec_Display_lego200_all.gif r1 manage 542.3 K 2017-07-05 - 18:01 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf elec_Display_lego200_all.pdf r1 manage 568.4 K 2017-07-06 - 11:46 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps elec_Display_lego200_cluster.eps r1 manage 49160.3 K 2017-07-06 - 11:46 DirkZerwas  
GIFgif elec_Display_lego200_cluster.gif r1 manage 235.5 K 2017-07-05 - 18:01 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf elec_Display_lego200_cluster.pdf r1 manage 250.5 K 2017-07-06 - 11:46 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps elec_Display_lego200_elec.eps r1 manage 49160.3 K 2017-07-06 - 11:46 DirkZerwas  
GIFgif elec_Display_lego200_elec.gif r1 manage 211.6 K 2017-07-05 - 18:01 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf elec_Display_lego200_elec.pdf r1 manage 224.6 K 2017-07-06 - 11:46 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps elec_Es0.eps r1 manage 8.4 K 2016-10-14 - 17:02 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif elec_Es0.gif r1 manage 8.7 K 2016-10-14 - 17:02 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf elec_Es0.pdf r1 manage 13.6 K 2016-10-14 - 17:02 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps elec_Es3.eps r1 manage 9.4 K 2016-10-14 - 17:02 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif elec_Es3.gif r1 manage 9.5 K 2016-10-14 - 17:02 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf elec_Es3.pdf r1 manage 13.9 K 2016-10-14 - 17:02 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps elec_nCells.eps r1 manage 7.4 K 2016-10-14 - 16:54 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif elec_nCells.gif r1 manage 7.0 K 2016-10-14 - 16:54 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf elec_nCells.pdf r1 manage 13.4 K 2016-10-14 - 16:54 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps elec_showerRadius.eps r1 manage 7.3 K 2016-10-14 - 16:54 MartinAleksa  
GIFgif elec_showerRadius.gif r1 manage 7.2 K 2016-10-14 - 16:54 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf elec_showerRadius.pdf r1 manage 13.4 K 2016-10-14 - 16:54 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng figure3_InverseCVBeforeIrradiation-1.png r1 manage 84.4 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf figure3_InverseCVBeforeIrradiation.pdf r1 manage 30.8 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng figure4_DopingBeforeIrradiationE1-1.png r1 manage 79.5 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf figure4_DopingBeforeIrradiationE1.pdf r1 manage 16.2 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng figure6a_TimeResolution3-1.png r1 manage 52.3 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf figure6a_TimeResolution3.pdf r1 manage 14.2 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng figure6b_1E15TimeResolution3-1.png r1 manage 53.0 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf figure6b_1E15TimeResolution3.pdf r1 manage 14.4 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng figure7a_CollectedCharge3-1.png r1 manage 51.3 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf figure7a_CollectedCharge3.pdf r1 manage 14.1 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PNGpng figure7b_1E15CollectedCharge3-1.png r1 manage 48.4 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf figure7b_1E15CollectedCharge3.pdf r1 manage 14.0 K 2020-05-16 - 01:39 SimoneMicheleMazza  
Unknown file formateps histogram2D_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.eps r1 manage 10.7 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf histogram2D_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng histogram2D_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.png r1 manage 33.8 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
Unknown file formateps histogramT_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.eps r1 manage 10.6 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf histogramT_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng histogramT_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.png r1 manage 34.6 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
Unknown file formateps histogramZ_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.eps r1 manage 11.6 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf histogramZ_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.pdf r1 manage 15.3 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng histogramZ_event15_vtxid0_eta3.8.png r1 manage 32.4 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
Unknown file formateps jetfractioneta2_time30.eps r1 manage 12.6 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf jetfractioneta2_time30.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng jetfractioneta2_time30.png r1 manage 52.0 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
Unknown file formateps jetfractioneta3_time30.eps r1 manage 12.7 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf jetfractioneta3_time30.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng jetfractioneta3_time30.png r1 manage 50.5 K 2017-09-29 - 19:27 ArielSchwartzman  
Unknown file formateps jetfractioneta5.eps r1 manage 13.1 K 2017-09-29 - 19:26 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf jetfractioneta5.pdf r1 manage 14.6 K 2017-09-29 - 19:26 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng jetfractioneta5.png r1 manage 41.4 K 2017-09-29 - 19:26 ArielSchwartzman  
Unknown file formateps jetfractioneta5_time30.eps r1 manage 13.3 K 2017-09-29 - 19:25 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf jetfractioneta5_time30.pdf r1 manage 14.7 K 2017-09-29 - 19:25 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng jetfractioneta5_time30.png r1 manage 43.7 K 2017-09-29 - 19:25 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf jitterTDR.pdf r1 manage 15.1 K 2020-05-29 - 14:34 MakovecNikola  
PNGpng jitterTDR.png r1 manage 23.6 K 2020-05-29 - 14:34 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf jitter_vs_Qinj.pdf r1 manage 14.1 K 2019-05-27 - 17:34 SabrinaSacerdoti ALTIROC1 jitter vs Qinj
PNGpng jitter_vs_Qinj.png r1 manage 129.9 K 2019-05-27 - 17:42 SabrinaSacerdoti Altiroc1 Jitter vs Qinj
PDFpdf jitter_vs_Qinj_zoom.pdf r1 manage 14.2 K 2019-05-27 - 17:39 SabrinaSacerdoti ALTIROC1 jitter vs Qinj
PDFpdf mpv_boron.pdf r1 manage 14.6 K 2021-01-27 - 07:47 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
PNGpng mpv_boron.png r1 manage 101.9 K 2021-01-27 - 07:47 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
PDFpdf nHitsVsMuMultiple.pdf r2 r1 manage 28.8 K 2018-02-20 - 11:37 ChristianOhm  
PNGpng nHitsVsMuMultiple.png r2 r1 manage 378.3 K 2018-02-20 - 11:39 ChristianOhm  
Unknown file formateps occupancy_vs_r_41.eps r2 r1 manage 16.5 K 2017-07-04 - 19:19 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf occupancy_vs_r_41.pdf r2 r1 manage 18.0 K 2017-07-04 - 19:19 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng occupancy_vs_r_41.png r2 r1 manage 39.8 K 2017-07-04 - 19:18 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps occupancy_vs_r_42.eps r1 manage 12.8 K 2016-10-14 - 16:27 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf occupancy_vs_r_42.pdf r1 manage 15.4 K 2016-10-14 - 16:27 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng occupancy_vs_r_42.png r1 manage 25.1 K 2016-10-14 - 16:27 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps pufraction_2.4_3.8.eps r2 r1 manage 12.4 K 2017-06-19 - 08:47 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf pufraction_2.4_3.8.pdf r2 r1 manage 52.3 K 2017-06-19 - 08:47 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng pufraction_2.4_3.8.png r2 r1 manage 113.0 K 2017-06-19 - 08:47 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps pulseHeightDen7.eps r1 manage 17.0 K 2018-05-17 - 15:29 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif pulseHeightDen7.gif r1 manage 13.7 K 2018-05-17 - 15:29 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf pulseHeightDen7.pdf r1 manage 18.9 K 2018-05-17 - 15:29 MakovecNikola  
Unknown file formateps pulseHeightEff7.eps r1 manage 15.6 K 2018-05-17 - 15:29 MakovecNikola  
GIFgif pulseHeightEff7.gif r1 manage 12.2 K 2018-05-17 - 15:29 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf pulseHeightEff7.pdf r1 manage 19.0 K 2018-05-17 - 15:29 MakovecNikola  
PNGpng seb.png r1 manage 458.3 K 2022-02-10 - 14:24 GregorKramberger Typical Single Event Burnout mark.
PDFpdf sigmaCNM_prelim.pdf r1 manage 17.1 K 2022-02-21 - 10:52 LuciaCastilloGarcia Sigma for CNM versus bias voltage
PNGpng sigmaCNM_prelim.png r1 manage 171.7 K 2022-02-23 - 16:18 LuciaCastilloGarcia Time resolution for CNM versus bias voltage
PDFpdf sigmaHPK_prelim.pdf r1 manage 15.3 K 2022-02-21 - 10:53 LuciaCastilloGarcia Sigma for HPK versus bias voltage
PNGpng sigmaHPK_prelim.png r1 manage 66.1 K 2022-02-23 - 16:18 LuciaCastilloGarcia Time resolution for HPK versus bias voltage
PDFpdf sigma_mpv_prel.pdf r1 manage 17.2 K 2022-02-21 - 10:54 LuciaCastilloGarcia Sigma versus Charge MPV for CNM and HPK
PNGpng sigma_mpv_prel.png r1 manage 199.4 K 2022-02-23 - 16:20 LuciaCastilloGarcia Time resolution for CNM and HPK versus charge
PDFpdf t0calib_fig01.pdf r1 manage 15.8 K 2019-07-11 - 13:59 EmmaElizabethTolley HGTD T0 calibration performance from TDR draft April 2019
PNGpng t0calib_fig01.png r1 manage 208.1 K 2019-07-11 - 13:59 EmmaElizabethTolley HGTD T0 calibration performance from TDR draft April 2019
PDFpdf t0calib_fig02.pdf r1 manage 15.3 K 2019-07-11 - 13:59 EmmaElizabethTolley HGTD T0 calibration performance from TDR draft April 2019
PNGpng t0calib_fig02.png r1 manage 233.7 K 2019-07-11 - 13:59 EmmaElizabethTolley HGTD T0 calibration performance from TDR draft April 2019
PDFpdf t0calib_fig03.pdf r1 manage 15.4 K 2019-07-11 - 13:59 EmmaElizabethTolley HGTD T0 calibration performance from TDR draft April 2019
PNGpng t0calib_fig03.png r1 manage 232.2 K 2019-07-11 - 13:59 EmmaElizabethTolley HGTD T0 calibration performance from TDR draft April 2019
PNGpng tdr_timing_50_30um_CFD50-1.png r1 manage 83.3 K 2019-05-09 - 22:52 SimoneMicheleMazza  
PDFpdf tdr_timing_50_30um_CFD50.pdf r1 manage 19.5 K 2019-05-09 - 22:52 SimoneMicheleMazza  
Unknown file formateps timeResoProbe_vs_Gain_Probe_LandauMpv.eps r1 manage 9.1 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf timeResoProbe_vs_Gain_Probe_LandauMpv.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng timeResoProbe_vs_Gain_Probe_LandauMpv.png r1 manage 15.3 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps timeResoProbe_vs_biasVoltage.eps r1 manage 9.6 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf timeResoProbe_vs_biasVoltage.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng timeResoProbe_vs_biasVoltage.png r1 manage 16.2 K 2016-10-14 - 18:01 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf timing_fit_20_50.pdf r1 manage 9.9 K 2020-06-08 - 11:06 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PNGpng timing_fit_20_50.png r1 manage 11.9 K 2020-06-08 - 11:06 LuciaCastilloGarcia CNM Gallium 3e15 neq/cm2 results
PDFpdf toa_vs_amp_TB_Oct18.pdf r1 manage 23.0 K 2018-11-30 - 13:58 ChristinaAgapopoulou  
PNGpng toa_vs_amp_TB_Oct18.png r1 manage 60.8 K 2018-11-30 - 14:14 ChristinaAgapopoulou  
PNGpng toa_vs_tot_B13_ch3_reso_380-1.png r1 manage 124.1 K 2020-05-29 - 20:37 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf toa_vs_tot_B13_ch3_reso_380.pdf r1 manage 18.4 K 2020-05-29 - 20:37 MakovecNikola  
PDFpdf tsigma_3_2_v3.pdf r1 manage 14.5 K 2021-01-27 - 07:47 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
PNGpng tsigma_3_2_v3.png r1 manage 103.2 K 2021-01-27 - 07:47 DjamelBOUMEDIENE  
Unknown file formateps vertex_density_hl.eps r1 manage 11.9 K 2017-07-05 - 17:43 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf vertex_density_hl.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2017-07-05 - 17:43 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng vertex_density_hl.png r1 manage 13.4 K 2017-07-05 - 17:43 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps vertex_density_run2.eps r2 r1 manage 11.4 K 2017-10-25 - 18:13 DirkZerwas  
PDFpdf vertex_density_run2.pdf r2 r1 manage 15.6 K 2017-10-25 - 18:14 DirkZerwas  
PNGpng vertex_density_run2.png r2 r1 manage 12.0 K 2017-10-25 - 18:15 DirkZerwas  
Unknown file formateps xyEffR_W11_HG11_mm.eps r1 manage 176.2 K 2017-01-24 - 18:06 MartinAleksa  
PDFpdf xyEffR_W11_HG11_mm.pdf r1 manage 50.7 K 2017-01-24 - 18:06 MartinAleksa  
PNGpng xyEffR_W11_HG11_mm.png r1 manage 41.7 K 2017-01-24 - 18:06 MartinAleksa  
Unknown file formateps zrho_event15_vtxid0.eps r1 manage 15.9 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf zrho_event15_vtxid0.pdf r1 manage 16.4 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng zrho_event15_vtxid0.png r1 manage 93.4 K 2017-09-29 - 19:28 ArielSchwartzman  
Unknown file formateps zrho_jets_event15_sel0.eps r1 manage 14.1 K 2017-09-29 - 20:13 ArielSchwartzman  
PDFpdf zrho_jets_event15_sel0.pdf r1 manage 15.3 K 2017-09-29 - 20:13 ArielSchwartzman  
PNGpng zrho_jets_event15_sel0.png r1 manage 67.6 K 2017-09-29 - 20:13 ArielSchwartzman  
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Topic revision: r84 - 2022-06-27 - LuciaCastilloGarcia
 
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