HIG-11-010

"Search for a Higgs boson decaying into two photons in the CMS detector"

This is a condensed description with plots for the analysis CMS-HIG-11-010

Abstract

This note describes the search for a Higgs boson decaying into diphotons in the CMS detector. Data-driven methods are used to evaluate the reconstruction and selection performance for the signal, and the background is fitted to the data. The analysis is performed on a dataset corresponding to 1.09 fb-1 of data collected in 2011. Limits are set on the cross section of a Standard Model Higgs boson decaying to 2 photons, and on the cross section of a fermiophobic Higgs boson decaying to 2 photons. The expected exclusion limit at 95% CL is less than 4 times the Standard Model cross section between 110 and 135 GeV/c2, and the actual excluded ratio to the SM cross section varies between 1.9 and 7.4. For a fermiophobic model the expected exclusion limit at 95% CL is less than the cross section predicted by the model between 110 and 114 GeV/c2.

Main Results

A search has been made for a Higgs boson decaying into 2 photons in the CMS detector. The analysis uses reconstruction and selection techniques that take account of the multiple interactions occurring each bunch crossing in the current LHC operating conditions, which affect isolation and identification of the interaction vertex. The selected events are subdivided into classes according to indicators of mass resolution and signal to background ratio, and the results of a search in each class are combined.

Figures from CMS-HIG-11-010

PAS.figure Image File Description
Fig. 1 pdf,png Fraction of Higgs boson vertices found within 10 mm of their true location, for a Monte Carlo signal sample (mH = 120 GeV/c2), as a function of the Higgs boson transverse momentum. The distribution of the number of interactions per bunch crossing (nPU) in the Monte Carlo is adjusted to be the same as in the data by weighting the events.
Fig. 2 pdf png Diphoton mass distribution for data (data points), and Monte Carlo simulation of SM processes which constitute the background to the search (histograms). The uncertainty on the cross sections of the contributing processes is estimated to be about 15%.
Fig. 3     Background model fits to the pT(γγ) < 40 GeV/c event classes.
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) < 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) < 0.94
Fig. 4     Background model fits to the pT(γγ) > 40 GeV/c event classes.
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) < 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) < 0.94
Fig. 5 pdf png Background model fit to the mγγ distribution for the combined data in all 8 event classes.
Fig. 6     Signal model fits to a simulated signal (mH=120 GeV/c2) for the pT(γγ) < 40 GeV/c event classes.
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) < 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) < 0.94
Fig. 7     Signal model fits to a simulated signal (mH=120 GeV/c2) for the pT(γγ) > 40 GeV/c event classes.
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png Both photons in barrel, min(R9) < 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) > 0.94
pdf png One or more photon in endcap, min(R9) < 0.94
Fig. 8 pdf png Simulated signal (mH=120 GeV/c2) for all 8 event classes combined. The line shows the weighted sum of fits to the signal models in the individual classes.
Fig. 9 pdf png Exclusion limit on the cross section of a SM Higgs boson decaying into 2 photons as a function of the boson mass.
Fig. 10 pdf png Exclusion limit on cross section of a SM Higgs boson decaying into 2 photons relative to the SM cross section, as a function of the boson mass.
Fig. 11 pdf png Exclusion limit on the cross section of a fermiophobic Higgs boson decaying into 2 photons as a function of the boson mass.
Fig. 12 pdf png Exclusion limit on the cross section of a Higgs boson decaying into 2 photons relative to the cross section predicted in the fermiophobic model, as a function of the boson mass.

Additional approved plots and information for public talks

Image File.link Description
linpdf linpng logpdf logpng Distribution of the number of reconstructed vertices (using the deterministic annealing algorithm) for events with a Z decaying to 2 muons in the data (points) and MC after having applied the reweighting on the number of simulated in-time pile-up events (filled histogram). Both linear and logarithmic scales are available.
pdf png Signal efficiency for mH=120 GeV/c2 as a function of pseudorapidity, for each of the four photon categories.
pdf png Signal efficiency for mH=120 GeV/c2 as a function of as a function of pT, for each of the four photon categories.
pdfa pnga pdfb pngb Invariant mass distribution of Z \to ee events with a) both electrons in the barrel and R9>0.94, b) one in the barrel and one in the endcap, and both with R9<0.94. Points are data, the red histogram is MC, while the black empty histogram is after energy smearing has been applied to the MC.
pdf png Mass distribution for a SM Higgs boson (mH=120 GeV/c2) decaying to 2 photons reconstructed using the nominal interaction point (black histogram), the vertex whose associated tracks have the highest summed pT2 (red histogram), and the vertex chosen by the selection algorithm used in the analysis (blue histogram).
pdf png Efficiency x Acceptance as a function of mass. The band indicates 1 sigma systematic error. The variation of the Efficiency x Acceptance is due mainly to the fixed pT thresholds on the photons. The increase of the photon selection efficiency with pT also contributes.
pdf png The observed p-value as a function of mass (black line) for the hypothesis of a Standard Model Higgs boson decaying to 2 photons. The blue dashed line shows the median expected p-value for a SM Higgs boson at each tested mass. The red dashed line shows the median expected p-value as a function of tested mass for a SM Higgs with a fixed mass of 119 GeV. The look-elsewhere effect, which reduces the probability by a factor of about 12, is not included in the p-value.
pdf png The observed p-value as a function of mass (black line) for the hypothesis of a fermiophobic Higgs boson decaying to 2 photons. The blue dashed line shows the median expected p-value for a fermiophobic Higgs boson at each tested mass. The red dashed line shows the median expected p-value as a function of tested mass for a fermiophobic Higgs with a fixed mass of 113.5 GeV. The look-elsewhere effect, which reduces the probability by a factor of about 12, is not included in the p-value.

  • Using the profile likelihood approximation the effect of different changes on the expected limit for both a SM Higgs boson and a fermiophobic Higgs boson, decaying to 2 photons have been investigated (mH=120 GeV/c2). It can been seen that:
    • the use of event classes brings a 20% gain in sensitivity (SM)
    • removing the endcaps reduces the sensitivity by 5% (SM)
    • the use of the diphoton pT classification adds 60% sensitivity for the fermiophobic model
    • the expected limit will improve by more than 15%, when the ECAL transparency corrections and intercalibration is mastered to the level achieved during the period in which the first 200/pb of data were taken in 2011 (i.e. no need for MC resolution smearing)

PLvariation.png

  • The median expected limit set for each event class on it's own using the profile likelihood approximation (Standard Model):
    SM-PLclasses.png

  • The median expected limit set for each event class on it's own using the profile likelihood approximation (fermiophobic model):
    FP-PLclasses.png
Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
PNGpng FP-PLclasses.png r1 manage 38.6 K 2011-07-20 - 14:31 ChrisSeez Fermiophobic
PDFpdf LimitFPAbs.pdf r1 manage 23.7 K 2011-07-17 - 12:32 ChrisSeez Fig. 11
PNGpng LimitFPAbs.png r2 r1 manage 39.8 K 2011-07-21 - 10:50 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf LimitFPRel.pdf r1 manage 18.5 K 2011-07-17 - 12:32 ChrisSeez Fig. 12
PNGpng LimitFPRel.png r2 r1 manage 33.0 K 2011-07-21 - 10:49 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf LimitSMAbs.pdf r1 manage 25.4 K 2011-07-17 - 12:31 ChrisSeez Fig. 9
PNGpng LimitSMAbs.png r2 r1 manage 37.8 K 2011-07-21 - 10:49 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf LimitSMRel.pdf r1 manage 18.4 K 2011-07-17 - 12:31 ChrisSeez Fig. 10
PNGpng LimitSMRel.png r2 r1 manage 34.2 K 2011-07-21 - 10:49 PaoloMeridiani  
PNGpng PLvariation.png r1 manage 109.7 K 2011-07-20 - 14:29 ChrisSeez Variations
PNGpng SM-PLclasses.png r1 manage 43.4 K 2011-07-20 - 14:30 ChrisSeez SM
PDFpdf Zmumu_nvtx_sig_dataVSmc_linscale.pdf r1 manage 15.3 K 2011-07-20 - 14:02 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng Zmumu_nvtx_sig_dataVSmc_linscale.png r2 r1 manage 11.8 K 2011-07-21 - 10:49 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf Zmumu_nvtx_sig_dataVSmc_logscale.pdf r1 manage 15.6 K 2011-07-20 - 14:02 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng Zmumu_nvtx_sig_dataVSmc_logscale.png r2 r1 manage 11.6 K 2011-07-21 - 10:48 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf all_mass_cat0.pdf r1 manage 20.4 K 2011-07-17 - 11:44 ChrisSeez Fig. 2
PNGpng all_mass_cat0.png r2 r1 manage 29.8 K 2011-07-21 - 10:48 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf combinedVtxIdEfficiency_vs_bosonPt_PUdata.pdf r1 manage 16.2 K 2011-07-17 - 11:36 ChrisSeez Fig. 1
PNGpng combinedVtxIdEfficiency_vs_bosonPt_PUdata.png r5 r4 r3 r2 r1 manage 11.5 K 2011-07-21 - 10:48 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat0.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.7 K 2011-07-19 - 18:18 ChrisSeez Fig. 4a
PNGpng databkgcat0.png r2 r1 manage 38.3 K 2011-07-21 - 10:48 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat1.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.4 K 2011-07-19 - 18:18 ChrisSeez Fig. 4b
PNGpng databkgcat1.png r2 r1 manage 36.4 K 2011-07-21 - 10:47 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat2.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.6 K 2011-07-19 - 18:19 ChrisSeez Fig. 4c
PNGpng databkgcat2.png r2 r1 manage 36.1 K 2011-07-21 - 10:47 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat3.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.6 K 2011-07-19 - 18:19 ChrisSeez Fig. 4d
PNGpng databkgcat3.png r2 r1 manage 36.8 K 2011-07-21 - 10:47 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat4.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.5 K 2011-07-19 - 18:19 ChrisSeez Fig. 3a
PNGpng databkgcat4.png r2 r1 manage 39.0 K 2011-07-21 - 10:47 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat5.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.9 K 2011-07-19 - 18:20 ChrisSeez Fig. 3b
PNGpng databkgcat5.png r2 r1 manage 40.6 K 2011-07-21 - 10:46 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat6.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.5 K 2011-07-19 - 18:20 ChrisSeez Fig. 3c
PNGpng databkgcat6.png r2 r1 manage 37.3 K 2011-07-21 - 10:46 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcat7.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.8 K 2011-07-19 - 18:20 ChrisSeez Fig. 3d
PNGpng databkgcat7.png r2 r1 manage 39.8 K 2011-07-21 - 10:40 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf databkgcombcat.pdf r2 r1 manage 20.6 K 2011-07-19 - 18:21 ChrisSeez Fig. 5
PNGpng databkgcombcat.png r2 r1 manage 36.8 K 2011-07-21 - 10:40 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effAcc_vs_mass.pdf r1 manage 14.7 K 2011-07-20 - 14:04 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng effAcc_vs_mass.png r2 r1 manage 8.2 K 2011-07-21 - 10:38 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf eff_eta.pdf r1 manage 18.1 K 2011-07-20 - 14:04 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng eff_eta.png r2 r1 manage 28.9 K 2011-07-21 - 10:38 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf eff_pt.pdf r1 manage 21.2 K 2011-08-08 - 14:01 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng eff_pt.png r3 r2 r1 manage 36.2 K 2011-08-08 - 14:00 ChrisSeez  
PDFpdf effsigmacat0.pdf r2 r1 manage 17.8 K 2011-07-19 - 18:21 ChrisSeez Fig. 7a
PNGpng effsigmacat0.png r2 r1 manage 39.7 K 2011-07-21 - 10:38 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacat1.pdf r2 r1 manage 18.5 K 2011-07-19 - 18:21 ChrisSeez Fig. 7b
PNGpng effsigmacat1.png r2 r1 manage 40.9 K 2011-07-21 - 10:38 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacat2.pdf r2 r1 manage 19.0 K 2011-07-19 - 18:21 ChrisSeez Fig. 7c
PNGpng effsigmacat2.png r2 r1 manage 42.3 K 2011-07-21 - 10:37 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacat3.pdf r2 r1 manage 19.5 K 2011-07-19 - 18:22 ChrisSeez Fig. 7d
PNGpng effsigmacat3.png r2 r1 manage 42.1 K 2011-07-21 - 10:37 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacat4.pdf r2 r1 manage 17.9 K 2011-07-19 - 18:22 ChrisSeez Fig. 6a
PNGpng effsigmacat4.png r2 r1 manage 39.5 K 2011-07-21 - 10:37 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacat5.pdf r2 r1 manage 18.6 K 2011-07-19 - 18:22 ChrisSeez Fig. 6b
PNGpng effsigmacat5.png r2 r1 manage 41.6 K 2011-07-21 - 10:37 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacat6.pdf r2 r1 manage 19.4 K 2011-07-19 - 18:22 ChrisSeez Fig. 6c
PNGpng effsigmacat6.png r2 r1 manage 42.4 K 2011-07-21 - 10:37 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacat7.pdf r2 r1 manage 19.7 K 2011-07-19 - 18:23 ChrisSeez Fig. 6d
PNGpng effsigmacat7.png r2 r1 manage 43.1 K 2011-07-21 - 10:36 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf effsigmacombcat.pdf r2 r1 manage 17.7 K 2011-07-19 - 18:23 ChrisSeez Fig. 8
PNGpng effsigmacombcat.png r2 r1 manage 38.0 K 2011-07-21 - 10:37 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf out-all_R9_golden-Histos-sum_region_0_0.pdf r1 manage 13.5 K 2011-07-20 - 14:03 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng out-all_R9_golden-Histos-sum_region_0_0.png r2 r1 manage 51.7 K 2011-07-21 - 10:36 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf out-all_R9_golden-Histos-sum_region_1_3.pdf r1 manage 14.2 K 2011-07-20 - 14:03 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng out-all_R9_golden-Histos-sum_region_1_3.png r2 r1 manage 53.3 K 2011-07-21 - 10:36 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf pvaluefp.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2011-07-20 - 08:29 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng pvaluefp.png r2 r1 manage 34.3 K 2011-07-21 - 10:36 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf pvaluesm.pdf r1 manage 15.0 K 2011-07-20 - 08:29 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng pvaluesm.png r2 r1 manage 30.2 K 2011-07-21 - 10:35 PaoloMeridiani  
PDFpdf vtx_mass_plot.pdf r1 manage 15.6 K 2011-07-20 - 14:10 ChrisSeez  
PNGpng vtx_mass_plot.png r2 r1 manage 12.6 K 2011-07-21 - 10:35 PaoloMeridiani  
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