Evidence for a particle decaying to W+W in the fully leptonic final state in a standard model Higgs boson search in pp collisions at the LHC


This is a condensed description with plots for the analysis CMS-HIG-12-042

Abstract

An update of a previous search for the standard model Higgs boson decaying to W+W in pp collisions at √s = 8 TeV is reported. The event sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 12.1 ± 0.5 fb−1, collected by the CMS detector at the LHC in 2012. The 2011 results obtained at √s = 7 TeV for an integrated luminosity of 4.9 fb−1 are added to the present analysis. The W+W candidates are selected in events with two oppositely charged leptons and large missing transverse momentum. An excess of events is observed above background which is consistent with the expectations from a standard model Higgs boson of mass 125 GeV and has a statistical significance of 3.1 standard deviations for this mass. This result provides evidence for a Higgs-like particle decaying to W+W. No other excess of events is observed over the full accessible mass range. Additional standard model Higgs-like bosons are excluded in the mass range 128-600 GeV at 95 % confidence level.

Main Results

A search has been made for a Higgs boson decaying in a pair of W bosons in the CMS detector at √s = 8 Tev. Events are classified according the exclusive jet multiplicity: 0, 1 and 2. The analysis of events with 0, 1 jets is optimized for gg → H → WW, while the one for events with 2 jets is optimized for Vector Boson Fusion (VBF) qq → H → WW. The events are further separated in same-flavor and different-flavor final states in each jet multiplicity. The main backgrounds (W+W-, top, Drell Yan, W+jets) are estimated with data-driven techniques. The uncertainty on the background normalization represent the largest source of systematics of the analysis, together with the theoretical uncertainties on the Higgs cross section.

A cut and count analysis is performed, optimized for each mass point in all jet multiplicity categories. The same-flavor final states have limited sensitivity to the signal and introduce a large systematic uncertainty due to the larger fake missing ET background in events with high pile-up. A 2D shape analysis of the di-leplon invariant and transverse masses for the different-flavor final state in the 0-jet and 1-jet categories which increase the sensitivity to the standard model Higgs boson is performed and combined with the cut and count analysis in the same-flavor final state in the 0-jet and 1-jet categories and the VBF category.

The search discussed here is performed over the mass range 110--600 GeV, and the data sample corresponds to 12.1fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected in 2012 at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. Finally, the 7 TeV data sample is added to the analysis to obtain the combined 2011 and 2012 results. An excess of events is observed above background which is consistent with the expectations from a standard model Higgs boson of mass 125 GeV, corresponding to:

  • Observed (expected) significance for mH = 125 GeV in terms of standad deviations ==> 3.1 (4.1)
  • best fit value of the signal strengh for mH = 125 GeV ==> 0.74 +/- 0.25

No other excess of events is observed over the full accessible mass range. Additional standard model Higgs-like bosons are excluded in the mass range 128-600 GeV at 95 % confidence level.

PAS Figures


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Distributions of the azimuthal angle difference between two selected leptons in the 0-jet category in the different flavor final state, for data, for the main backgrounds, and for a SM Higgs boson signal with mH = 125 GeV. The standard WW selection is applied.

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Distributions of the azimuthal angle difference between two selected leptons in the 1-jet category in the different flavor final state, for data, for the main backgrounds, and for a SM Higgs boson signal with mH = 125 GeV. The standard WW selection is applied.

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Distributions of the dilepton mass of the two selected leptons in the 0-jet category in the different flavor final state, for data, for the main backgrounds, and for a SM Higgs boson signal with mH = 125 GeV. The standard WW selection is applied.

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Distributions of the dilepton mass of the two selected leptons in the 1-jet category in the different flavor final state, for data, for the main backgrounds, and for a SM Higgs boson signal with mH = 125 GeV. The standard WW selection is applied.

pdf, png, eps
Distributions of the azimuthal angle difference between two selected leptons in the 0-jet category, in the different-flavor final state for a mH = 125 GeV SM Higgs boson and for the main backgrounds. The cut-based HWW selection, except for the requirement on the azimuthal angle itself, is applied.

pdf, png, eps
Distributions of the azimuthal angle difference between two selected leptons in the 1-jet category, in the different-flavor final state for a mH = 125 GeV SM Higgs boson and for the main backgrounds. The cut-based HWW selection, except for the requirement on the azimuthal angle itself, is applied.

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Distributions of dilepton mass in the 0-jet category, in the different-flavor final state for a mH = 125 GeV SM Higgs boson and for the main backgrounds. The cut-based HWW selection, except for the requirement on the dilepton mass itself, is applied.

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Distributions of dilepton mass in the 1-jet category, in the different-flavor final state for a mH = 125 GeV SM Higgs boson and for the main backgrounds. The cut-based HWW selection, except for the requirement on the dilepton mass itself, is applied.

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Distributions of the transverse mass in the 0-jet category, in the different-flavor final state for a mH = 125 GeV SM Higgs boson and for the main backgrounds. The cut-based HWW selection, except for the requirement on the transverse mass itself, is applied.

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Distributions of the transverse mass in the 1-jet category, in the different-flavor final state for a mH = 125 GeV SM Higgs boson and for the main backgrounds. The cut-based HWW selection, except for the requirement on the transverse mass itself, is applied.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 0-jet bin for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 0-jet bin for the mH = 200 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 0-jet bin for the background processes.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 0-jet bin for the data.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 1-jet bin for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 1-jet bin for the mH = 200 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 1-jet bin for the background processes.

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Two-dimensional distribution in the 1-jet bin for the data.

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Two-dimensional distribution, shown in a smaller range, in the 0-jet bin of data minus background after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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Two-dimensional distribution, shown in a smaller range, in the 1-jet bin of data minus background after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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One-dimensional unrolled bin distribution used in the two-dimensional mT-mll analysis in the 0-jet bin after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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One-dimensional unrolled bin distribution used in the two-dimensional mT-mll analysis in the 0-jet bin after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis in a smaller range, i.e. for the bottom 2D 4-bin x 4-bin distributions.

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Projection of mT-mll for the more signal-like region mll < 50 GeV in the 0-jet bin after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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One-dimensional unrolled bin distribution used in the two-dimensional mT-mll analysis in the 1-jet bin after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

pdf, png, eps
One-dimensional unrolled bin distribution used in the two-dimensional mT-mll analysis in the 1-jet bin after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis in a smaller range, i.e. for the bottom 2D 4-bin x 4-bin distributions.

pdf, png, eps
Projection of mT-mll for the more signal-like region mll < 50 GeV in the 1-jet bin after the CLs fit for the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis.

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Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction, relative to the SM Higgs expectation, for the cut-based approach using the 8 TeV data only. The expected limits in the presence of the Higgs with mH = 125 GeV and its associated uncertainty are also shown.

pdf, png, eps
Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction, relative to the SM Higgs expectation, for the shape-based approach using the 8 TeV data only. For the shape-based approach, we combine the analysis in the different-flavor final state in the 0-jet and 1-jet categories with the cut-based analysis in all other categories. The expected limits in the presence of the Higgs with mH = 125 GeV and its associated uncertainty are also shown.

pdf, png, eps
Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction, relative to the SM Higgs expectation, for the combined 8 TeV shape-based analysis together with the analysis performed at 7 TeV. The expected limits in the presence of the Higgs with mH = 125 GeV and its associated uncertainty are also shown.

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A comparison of the expected limits for different analyses at 8 TeV for low Higgs mass hypotheses.

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The best fit value of the signal strengh (mu) for the combined 7+8 TeV analysis.

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The observed and expected significances under the mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis and for each Higgs mass hypothesis for the combined 7+8 TeV analysis in a limited mass range.

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Confidence intervals in the (mu, mH) plane for the different-flavor final states combining the 0-jet and 1-jet categories for the shape analysis at 8 TeV. The solid and dashed lines indicate the 68% and 95% CL contours, respectively.

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dilepton mass in W+G* selected events.

PAS Tables

Observed number of events and background estimates for an integrated luminosity of 12.1 ± 0.5 fb−1 after applying the WW selection requirements.

data tot bkg. WW Sorted ascending ttbar+tw
0-jet bin 334 ± 91 118.1 ± 7.1 128 ± 21 89 ± 22
1-jet bin 288 ± 83 88.6 ± 5.3 131 ± 28 46 ± 12
0-jet bin 4450 4233 ± 220 3146 ± 192 417 ± 45
2-jet bin 3148 3229 ± 137 473 ± 21 1865 ± 100
2-jet bin 220 ± 58 51.2 ± 3.5 579 ± 70 41.3 ± 3.9
1-jet bin 3053 2899 ± 152 976 ± 111 1369 ± 56
Wjets WZ+ZZ dyll WZ+gamma*

Observed number of events, background estimates and signal predictions for an integrated luminosity of 12.1 ± 0.5 fb−1 after applying the Hww cut-based selection requirements. The combined statistical, experimental, and theoretical systematic uncertainties are reported. The dyll process includes the dimuon, dielectron and ditau final state.

0-jet category e μ final state
120 34.0± 7.3 162 ± 16 5.3± 0.5 8.6± 2.0 38 ± 14 23.1± 8.8 237 ± 23 285
125 58 ± 12 203 ± 19 6.6± 0.6 11.0± 2.5 44 ± 16 25.6± 9.5 291 ± 27 349
130 86 ± 18 226 ± 21 7.1± 0.7 12.2± 2.8 47 ± 17 27 ± 10 319 ± 29 388
160 238 ± 51 125 ± 12 3.7± 0.4 13.1± 3.1 5.9± 2.7 2.6± 1.5 160 ± 13 197
200 95 ± 21 204 ± 19 6.3± 0.6 28.9± 6.4 7.7± 3.5 1.3± 0.9 278 ± 21 309
400 40 ± 11 133 ± 15 6.2± 0.7 50 ± 11 7.6± 3.3 3.5± 2.1 200 ± 19 198
600 6.6± 2.3 42.2± 4.8 2.5± 0.3 16.5± 3.8 4.4± 2.0 2.4± 1.8 67.9± 6.7 64
0-jet category ee/μμ final state
120 20.8± 4.5 108 ± 10 48 ± 14 3.9± 1.1 24.5± 9.3 5.8± 2.5 191 ± 20 209
125 37.0± 8.0 140 ± 13 59 ± 18 5.2± 1.3 30 ± 11 6.7± 2.8 241 ± 25 266
130 57 ± 12 162 ± 15 67 ± 20 6.2± 1.5 30 ± 11 7.7± 3.1 273 ± 28 295
160 209 ± 45 107 ± 10 17.6± 7.4 7.0± 1.7 5.2± 2.7 1.2± 0.7 138 ± 13 161
200 77 ± 17 177 ± 16 19.6± 4.2 21.9± 4.9 9.0± 4.1 1.8± 0.9 230 ± 18 249
400 34.0± 9.2 117 ± 13 34 ± 16 40.1± 8.7 4.4± 2.4 34 ± 11 230 ± 25 180
600 5.7± 2.0 38.2± 4.4 4.8± 0.4 11.6± 2.7 1.8± 1.3 5.0± 2.1 61.3± 5.7 61
1-jet category eμ final state
120 14.9± 4.3 38.9± 6.4 5.3± 0.6 40.3± 3.0 19.1± 7.4 7.1± 3.4 111 ± 11 123
125 27.3± 8.0 47.9± 7.8 6.5± 0.7 49.5± 3.3 22.4± 8.6 7.1± 3.4 134 ± 13 160
130 40 ± 12 53.9± 8.8 7.3± 0.8 55.2± 3.6 24.5± 9.4 7.1± 3.4 148 ± 14 182
160 131 ± 37 44.4± 7.0 5.3± 0.7 51.8± 3.5 9.0± 3.9 0.6± 0.4 111.1± 8.8 145
200 58 ± 15 80 ± 13 6.8± 0.8 114.6± 6.5 16.1± 6.5 0.4± 0.3 238 ± 16 276
400 29.4± 8.1 81 ± 13 7.9± 1.2 129.0± 7.1 16.8± 6.6 0.6± 0.5 235 ± 16 226
600 6.9± 1.8 30.0± 4.8 3.1± 0.4 40.3± 3.0 8.4± 3.5 0.0± 0.0 81.8± 6.6 74
1-jet category ee/μμ final state
120 6.5± 1.9 19.2± 3.2 11.5± 3.0 20.6± 2.0 6.1± 2.6 2.0± 1.2 59.5± 5.6 77
125 11.8± 3.4 24.8± 4.1 13.1± 3.5 26.7± 2.3 6.5± 2.8 2.0± 1.2 73.0± 6.6 92
130 18.2± 5.4 28.0± 4.6 15.6± 4.2 30.0± 2.5 7.8± 3.3 1.7± 1.1 83.1± 7.6 115
160 76 ± 22 28.9± 4.6 9.3± 2.8 31.0± 2.4 7.7± 3.6 0.3± 0.4 77.2± 6.9 89
200 35.4± 9.4 52.9± 8.4 16.8± 3.7 74.5± 4.6 8.0± 3.8 0.0± 0.0 152 ± 11 166
400 21.0± 5.8 45.0± 7.1 18.0± 8.4 77.5± 4.7 9.5± 4.3 14.5± 5.2 165 ± 14 128
600 4.4± 1.2 15.7± 2.5 2.8± 0.3 19.3± 1.6 1.8± 1.2 3.5± 1.6 43.0± 3.6 41
2-jet category eμ final state
120 1.7± 0.2 0.8± 0.5 0.1± 0.0 0.9± 0.3 0.3± 0.2 0.1± 0.1 2.2± 0.6 2
125 2.8± 0.4 0.9± 0.5 0.1± 0.0 1.5± 0.5 0.3± 0.2 0.1± 0.1 2.9± 0.8 2
130 4.4± 0.6 1.3± 0.7 0.1± 0.0 1.6± 0.5 0.3± 0.2 0.1± 0.1 3.4± 0.9 4
160 11.7± 1.5 1.2± 0.6 0.0± 0.0 1.5± 0.5 0.0± 0.0 0.1± 0.1 2.9± 0.8 4
200 9.3± 1.2 2.5± 1.2 1.7± 1.6 4.6± 1.3 0.3± 0.4 0.0± 0.0 9.1± 2.4 8
400 3.9± 0.5 3.5± 2.2 1.7± 1.6 4.6± 1.3 0.0± 0.0 0.0± 0.0 9.8± 3.0 7
600 1.4± 0.2 1.6± 1.0 0.0± 0.0 1.9± 0.8 0.3± 0.2 0.0± 0.0 3.7± 1.3 3
2-jet category ee/μμ final state
120 1.0± 0.1 0.5± 0.3 3.2± 1.5 0.7± 0.2 0.8± 0.5 0.1± 0.1 5.2± 1.7 9
125 1.5± 0.2 0.5± 0.3 4.4± 1.3 0.7± 0.2 0.8± 0.5 0.1± 0.1 6.5± 1.5 11
130 2.3± 0.3 0.5± 0.3 4.8± 1.6 0.8± 0.2 0.8± 0.5 0.1± 0.1 7.0± 1.7 11
160 7.4± 1.0 0.5± 0.3 3.8± 3.8 0.9± 0.3 0.1± 0.1 0.0± 0.0 5.2± 3.8 5
200 4.9± 0.6 1.5± 0.7 4.4± 3.0 2.0± 0.5 0.5± 0.4 0.0± 0.0 8.3± 3.2 9
400 2.7± 0.4 1.4± 0.9 0.1± 0.0 3.6± 1.1 0.2± 0.4 0.0± 0.0 5.3± 1.4 8
600 1.1± 0.1 0.5± 0.4 0.0± 0.0 1.4± 0.6 0.1± 0.1 0.0± 0.0 2.0± 0.7 2

Expected and observed significance and best fit value of σ/σSM for a SM Higgs with a mass of 125 GeV

  8 TeV cut-based 8 TeV shape-based 7+8 TeV shape-based
Expected and observed significance 2.4/1.7 3.7/2.9 4.1/3.1
best fit value 0.80 ± 0.45 0.77 ± 0.28 0.74 ± 0.25

Selections definition

WW selection

The following cuts constitute what in the paper is called WW selection

Selection [units] ee,μμ
pTmax [GeV/c] 20 20
pTmin [GeV/c] 10 10
third lepton veto applied applied
opposite-sign requirement applied applied
mll [GeV/c2] 12 12
projected MET [GeV] (**) 45 (*) 20
Z mass veto applied ---
Δφ(ll-jetmax) [dg.] 165 (*) ---
top veto applied applied
pTll [GeV/c] 45 45

(*) For Higgs search in 0 and 1 jet categories no cut is applied in Δφ(ll-jetmax) and the projected MET cut in ee,μμ channel is set to 20 GeV. Additionally a dedicated multivariate selection combining missing transverse momentum, kinematic and topological variables, is used to reject Drell-Yan events and maximize the surviving signal yield. DYMVA variable has to be greater than 0.88 for 0 jet bin and above 0.84 for the 1 jet bin.

(**) For the VBF selection, Particle Flow MET is used.

Higgs selection

The following cuts constitute what in the paper is called Higgs selection for the cut and count analysis for all jet categories. However for the 2-jet category, the mT cut is relaxed to be mT > 30 GeV/c2.

mH pTmax pTmin mll Δφll mT
[GeV/c2] [GeV/c] [GeV/c] [GeV/c2] dg. [GeV/c2]
120 20 10 40 115 [80,120]
125 23 10 43 100 [80,213]
130 25 10 45 90 [80,125]
160 30 25 50 60 [90,160]
200 40 25 90 100 [120,200]
250 55 25 150 140 [120,250]
300 70 25 200 175 [120,300]
400 90 25 300 175 [120,400]

For the 2D shape analysis in addition to the W+W preselection, a loose set of requirements are applied. mT must be greater than 80 GeV and smaller than 280 (600) GeV for mH hypotheses smaller or equal than 250 GeV (greater than 250 GeV), while mll must be smaller than 200 (600) GeV for mH hypotheses smaller or equal than 250 GeV (greater than 250 GeV). Finally, pl,max is required to be larger than 50 GeV for mH hypotheses greater than 250 GeV.

Study on W+g* background

  • Selection: select two opposite-sign low dilepton mass muons and one addition lepton, either electron or muon
       pt1/2/3 > 20/10/3 GeV
        | q1+q2+q3 |  = 1
       event no btagged (exclude top background)
       mT(lepton-MET) > 25 GeV && mT(lepton from W-MET) > 45 GeV  (exclude fake background)
       m_mu+mu- < 12 GeV (signal region)
        | m_mu+mu- - 3.1 |  > 0.1 GeV (exclude J/Psi decays)
        

  • Systematics uncertainties:
    • compare yields for 0 < m_mu+mu- < 2 && 2 < m_mu+mu- < 12, and 3mu vs. 2mue channels
    • covers the possible difference between the observed and expected mass shape in the g* component
    • covers the possible difference between electrons and muons

  • Overall k-factor: 1.6 +/- 0.3

process data W+g* background scale factor
0<mll<12 lll 319 178.6 32.0 1.60 +/- 0.10
0<mll<2 mme 153 105.8 9.4 1.36 +/- 0.12
2<mll<12 mme 65 25.2 12.5 2.08 +/- 0.32
0<mll<2 mmm 68 32.1 4.5 1.98 +/- 0.26
2<mll<12 mmm 33 15.4 5.7 1.77 +/- 0.37

Other Figures


pdf, png, eps
Expected and observed 95% CL upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction, relative to the SM Higgs expectation, for the shape-based approach using the 8 TeV data only. For the shape-based approach, we combine the analysis in the different-flavor final state in the 0-jet and 1-jet categories with the cut-based analysis in all other categories. The mH = 125 GeV Higgs signal hypothesis is being considered as a background.
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Topic revision: r23 - 2013-10-03 - GuillelmoCeballos
 
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