Physics Results: FSQ13002

Multidimensional analysis of Bose-Einstein correlations in pp collisions at 2.76 and 7 TeV

Abstract

Two-particle, quantum-statistical (Bose-Einstein) correlations are measured in multidimensional projections of the pair relative momentum. The measurement extends previously performed one-dimensional studies to two- and three-dimensions for the 7 TeV data, and presents for the first time for the $\sqrt s = $2.76 TeV data collected in 2013 at the CERN LHC. The measurements are performed at both energies for different intervals of the pair average momentum and for increasing charged particle multiplicitiy. The fit parameters corresponding to the estimated lengths of homogeneity and chaoticity parameters are presented.

Results

Figure 1 Caption
Fig_1a.png Fig_1b.png 1-D single ratios as a function of $Q_{inv}$ for data and Monte Carlo (Pythia 6 - Z2 tune) samples corresponding to pp collisions at 2.76 TeV are shown on the left, and the corresponding double ratio superimposed by the exponential fit, on the right.

Summary of One Dimensional BEC Results

Figure 2 Caption
Fig_2a.png Fig_2b.png Results of the exponential fits to the double ratios in different $N_{ch}$ and $k_{T}$ bins are shown for pp collisions at 2.76 TeV and for the present analysis with full sample at 7 TeV. The left plot shows the values obtained for the intercept parameter, $\lambda$, and the right one, the corresponding values for the invariant radius fit parameter, $R_{inv}$. The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), whereas the systematic ones are indicated by empty (2.76 TeV data) or shaded boxes (7 TeV data).

Figure 3 Caption
clic_k on it to get it Fit parameter $R_{inv}$ is shown as a function of the charged particle multiplicity, $N_{ch}$ for pp collisions at 2.76 TeV and for the the present analysis at 7 TeV. As seen in the plot, the new results increase proportionally to $N^{1/3}_{ch}$, showing a similar dependence on the charged multiplicity as the ones previously obtained at both 0.9 and 7 TeV in Ref. [1], also shown in the plot. The inner error bars represent the statistical uncertainties (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size) and the outer error bars the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature.

Figure 4 Caption
Fig_4a_nch1.png Fig_4a_nch2.png Fig_4a_nch3.png The anticorrelation region is highlighted by zooming the correlation axis in each plot. Two fit functions are shown as compared to the data points: the exponential and the $\tau$ model.
Fig_4a_nch4.png Fig_4a_nch5.png
Fig_4b.png The anticorrelation’s depth, $\Delta$, is quantified in the plot on the bottom by the difference of the base-line function, C(1 + $\delta$ q), and the $\tau$ model fit function calculated at the minimum. The inner error bars represent the statistical uncertainties (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size) and the outer error bars the statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature. The results are shown for pp collisions at 2.76 TeV and for the present analysis at 7 TeV, together with those from Ref. [1], corresponding to pp collisions at both 0.9 and 7 TeV.

Summary of Two Dimensional BEC Results

Figure 5 Caption
Fig_5a.png Fig_5b.png Double ratios in the LCMS corresponding to results integrated in all $N_{ch}$ and $k_{T}$ bins are shown in the left panel as a function of $(q_{T}, q^*_{L})$; the plot on the top refers to the data from pp collisions at 2.76 TeV and the one on the bottom, to the 7 TeV data.
Fig_5c.png Fig_5d.png The right panel shows the corresponding 1-D projections of the single and double ratios in terms of $q^*_{L}$ (for $q_{T}$ < 0.05 GeV) and $q_{T}$ (for $q^*_{L}$ < 0.05 GeV). The Gaussian, the exponential and the Levy (with a = 1) fit functions are shown superimposed to the data points.

Figure 6 Caption
Fig_6a.png Fig_6b.png The radius parameters obtained with the stretched exponential (Levy-type with a = 1) fit function are shown for pp collisions at 2.76 and 7 TeV in the CM frame (top) and in the LCMS (bottom), as a function of $k_{T}$ and for different $N_{ch}$ bins. The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), and the systematic ones are indicated by empty (at 2.76 TeV) or shaded boxes (at 7 TeV).
Fig_6c.png Fig_6d.png

Figure 7 Caption
Fig_7a.png Fig_7b.png The intercept parameter obtained with the stretched exponential fit function is shown as a function of $k_T$ and in different bins of $N_{ch}$, for pp collisions at both 2.76 and 7 TeV in the CM frame (left) and in the LCMS (right). The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), whereas the systematic ones are indicated by empty (at 2.76 TeV) or shaded boxes (at 7 TeV).

Figure 8 Caption
Fig_8a.png Fig_8b.png Results obtained in the LCMS for the 2-D double ratios with zoomed axes, as a function of ($q_T, q^*_L$) for four charged multiplicity bins, $N_{ch}$, increasing from top left to bottom right. The 1-D projections in $q^*_L$ (for $q_T < 0.05$ GeV) and $q_T$ (for $q^*_L < 0.05$ GeV) are shown side-by-side to the corresponding 2-D double ratios.
Fig_8c.png Fig_8d.png

Summary of Three Dimensional BEC Results

Figure 9 Caption
Fig_9a_qoql.png Fig_9a_qoqs.png Fig_9a_qlqs.png Results for the 3-D double ratios obtained in the LCMS are shown, the upper panel corresponding to the 2-D projections in $(q_{O}$, $q^*_{L})$, $(q_{O}$, $q_{S})$, and $(q^*_{L}, q_{S})$, integrated in $N_{ch}$ and $k_{T}$, with $q_{S}$ < 0.05 GeV, $q^*_{L}$ < 0.005 GeV and $q_{O}$ < 0.005 GeV, respectively.
clic_k on it to get it The middle panel shows the 1-D projections in terms of the relative momentum components $q_{S}$, $q^*_{L}$, and $q_{O}$ of the single ratios of data and Monte Carlo, and the lower panel shows the 1-D projections of the corresponding double ratios. The Gaussian, the exponential and the Levy (with index of stability a=1) fit functions are shown superimposed to the data points.

Figure 10 Caption
clic_k on it to get it clic_k on it to get it

Results of fits to the double ratios with three different fit functions in the CM frame (top) and in the LCMS (bottom) for pp collisions at 7 TeV are shown as a function of $k_{T}$, integrated in $N_{ch}$. The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), whereas the systematic ones are indicated by shaded boxes.

Figure 11 Caption
clic_k on it to get it clic_k on it to get it

Results of fits to the double ratios with three different fit functions in the CM frame (top) and in the LCMS (bottom) for pp collisions at 7 TeV are shown as a function of $N_{ch}$, integrated in $k_{T}$. In this case, the values of $N_{ch}$ shown in the plots were corrected for efficiency and acceptance. The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), whereas the systematic ones are indicated by the shaded boxes.

Figure 12 Caption
Fig_12a_new..png Fig_12b_new.png Results corresponding to the intercept parameter $\lambda$ in the CM frame and in the LCMS are shown as a function of $k_{T}$ (integrated in $N_{ch}$), for pp collisions at 7 TeV, and for fits to the double ratios with three different functions. The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), whereas the systematic ones are indicated by shaded boxes.

Figure 13 Caption
Fig_13a_new.png Fig_13b.png Results corresponding to the intercept parameter $\lambda$ in the CM frame and in the LCMS are shown as a function of $N_{ch}$ (integrated in $k_{T}$), for pp collisions at 7 TeV, and for fits to the double ratios with three different functions. In this case, the values of $N_{ch}$ shown in the plots were corrected for efficiency and acceptance. The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), whereas the systematic ones are indicated by the shaded boxes.

Figure 14 Caption
Fig_14a.png Fig_14b.png Fig_14c.png Results for the 3-D double ratios obtained in the LCMS are shown, the upper panel corresponding to the 2-D projections in ($q^*_{L}$, $q_{S}$), ($q_{O}$, $q_{S}$), and ($q_{O}, q^*_{L}$), integrated in $N_{ch}$ and $k_{T}$, with $q_{O}$ < 0.05 GeV, $q^*_{L}$ < 0.005 GeV and $q_{S}$ < 0.005 GeV, respectively.
Fig_14d.png The bottom panel shows 1-D projections of the same data, with the complementary two variables constrained to be within the first bin (i.e., $q_{i,j}$ < 0.05 GeV).

Comparison of Two and Three Dimensional BEC Results (Supplementary Figures)

Figure 15 Caption
Fig_15a.png Fig_15b.png Comparison of the fit radius parameters $R_{L}$ (left) and $R^*_{L}$ (right), obtained with the stretched exponential function in the CM frame and in the LCMS, respectively, is shown. These results for the 2-D (in $q_T, q_L$) fit to the double ratios in pp collisions at 2.76 and 7 TeV, and for the 3-D (in $q_O, q_S$, $q^{(*)}_L$) ones in pp collisions at 7 TeV, are presented as a function of $N_{ch}$ (integrated in $k_T$). In this case, the values of $N_{ch}$ were corrected for efficiency and acceptance. The statistical uncertainties are indicated by error bars (which in some cases are smaller than the marker's size), whereas the systematic ones are indicated by the shaded boxes.


Ref. [1]: CMS Collaboration, “Measurement of Bose-Einstein Correlations in pp collisions at $\sqrt s = $ 0.9 and 7 TeV”, JHEP 05 (2011) 029, doi:10.1007/JHEP05(2011)029.

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Topic revision: r21 - 2014-09-12 - JonathanHollar
 
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