Measurement of the inelastic pp cross section at √s = 7 TeV with the CMS detector

Abstract

A measurement is presented of the inelastic proton-proton cross section at a centre of mass energy of √s = 7 7TeV. Using the CMS detector at the LHC, the inelastic cross section is measured through two independent methods based on information from (i) forward calorimetry (for pseudorapidity 3 < |η| < 5), in collisions where at least one proton loses more than 5 10−6 of its longitudinal momentum, and (ii) the central tracker ( |η| < 2.4), in collisions containing an interaction vertex with more than 1, 2, or 3 tracks with transverse momenta pT > 200 MeV/c. The measurements cover a large fraction of the inelastic cross section for particle production over about 9 units of pseudorapidity and down to small transverse momenta. The results are compared with those of other experiments, and with models used to describe high- energy hadronic interactions.

Approved Plots from FWD-11-001 PAS ( click on plot to get .pdf )

Figure Abbreviated Caption
Paper_Fig1new.gif The normalized $\xi$ distributions for $E_{\rm{HF}} > 4$ and $E_{\rm{HF}} > 5 $ \GeV from MC simulation of inelastic pp collisions using (a) \textsc{ Pythia6}, (c) \textsc{ Pythia8}, and (e) \textsc{ Phojet}, are shown for the full range of $\xi$. The corresponding efficiencies are shown in (b), (d), and (f), respectively. The lowest value of $\xi$ used in the analysis, $\xi = 5\cdot10^{-6}$, is shown on the plots as a dashed vertical line.

Paper_Fig2new.gif Fraction of reconstructed events with more than 1 track, corrected for efficiency, measured as a function of the number of vertexes, in data (dots) and in Monte Carlo (histogram), for instantaneous bunch-crossing luminosities between 0.05~$\cdot 10^{30}$ and 0.6~$\cdot 10^{30}\; {\rm cm^{-2} \; s^{-1}}$.

Paper_Fig3new.gif Fraction of pp events with $n$ pileup vertexes, for $n$ = 0 to 8, containing more than one charged particle, as a function of instantaneous bunch-crossing luminosity. The dashed lines are the fits described in the text. The data points are plotted at the mean of the differential distribution in each bin

Paper_Fig4new.gif (a) Values of the inelastic pp cross section $\sigma_{\rm inel}$ and (b) their associated goodness of fit $\chi^2$/NDOF, obtained for each of the fits in Fig.~\ref{fig:final}, as a function of the number of pileup vertexes, in interactions with $>1$ track with $p_T>$ 200 \MeVc and abs(eta) < 2.4$. The line in (a) is the result of a fit to the 9 individual values of $\sigma_{\rm inel}$ while the dashed line in (b) indicates $\chi^2$/NDOF = 1.

Paper_Fig5new.gif The two types of CMS measurements of the inelastic pp cross section (red filled circle and squares) compared to predictions from several Monte Carlo models for different criteria, as labelled below the abscissa axis. The MC predictions have an uncertainty of $1 $ mb (not shown). Other LHC experimental results are also included for comparison.

Paper_Fig6new.gif Comparison of the measured inelastic pp cross sections with predictions of several Monte Carlo models, for different criteria, normalized to the value obtained for $>$3 tracks.

Paper_Table1.gif Values of efficiency ($\epsilon_\xi$) and contamination ($b_\xi$) for events with $\xi > 5\cdot10^{-6}$ using the selection criterion of $E_{\rm{HF}} > 5$ \GeV, obtained for three Monte Carlo models of hadronic production.

Paper_Table2.gif Mean number of collisions with $E_{\rm{HF}} > 5 $ \GeV per coincidence trigger ($\lambda$) and fraction of overlapping collisions ($f_{\rm{pu}}$) for the runs used in this analysis.

Paper_Table3.gif List of systematic sources and their effects on the value of the inelastic cross section measured using HF calorimeters. The contribution from luminosity uncertainty is kept separated.

Paper_Table4.gif List of systematic sources and their effects on the value of the inelastic cross section measured using the vertex-counting method. The percentage changes are shown for $\sigma_{\rm{inel}}(\rm{>1~track})$. The contribution from luminosity uncertainty is kept separated.

Paper_Table5.gif $\sigma_{\rm inel}$ values for interactions with $>$1, $>$2 and $>$3 charged particles, with their uncertainties from systematic sources of the method, and from luminosity.

-- NicoloCartiglia - 01-Aug-2011

Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
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GIFgif CMS_manyVtx.gif r1 manage 162.1 K 2011-08-02 - 09:28 NicoloCartiglia  
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GIFgif MC_Sigma_chi2.gif r1 manage 10.0 K 2011-08-01 - 22:34 NicoloCartiglia  
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GIFgif Secondary.gif r1 manage 8.3 K 2011-08-01 - 23:08 NicoloCartiglia  
GIFgif Sigma_chi_final_65_05_2trk.gif r1 manage 9.5 K 2011-08-01 - 13:29 NicoloCartiglia  
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GIFgif Vtx_Eff_2_3_trk.gif r1 manage 14.2 K 2011-08-01 - 13:09 NicoloCartiglia Fig1_gif
GIFgif Vtx_vs_lumi.gif r1 manage 12.3 K 2011-08-01 - 22:24 NicoloCartiglia  
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GIFgif data_over_MC_64_05.gif r1 manage 29.2 K 2011-08-02 - 09:33 NicoloCartiglia  
GIFgif nvertexes.gif r1 manage 11.0 K 2011-08-01 - 22:26 NicoloCartiglia  
GIFgif sigma_com_part.gif r1 manage 10.3 K 2011-08-01 - 13:34 NicoloCartiglia  
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GIFgif xi_models.gif r2 r1 manage 16.6 K 2011-08-01 - 14:01 NicoloCartiglia  
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