Measurement of Bose-Einstein Correlations in pp Collisions at =0.9 and 7TeV

Abstract

Bose--Einstein correlations between identical particles are measured in samples of proton-proton collisions at 0.9 and 7 TeV centre-of-mass energies, recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The signal is observed in the form of an enhancement of number of pairs of same-sign charged particles with small relative momentum. The dependence of this enhancement on kinematic and topological features of the event is studied. Anticorrelations between same-sign charged particles are observed in the region of relative momenta higher than those in the signal region.

Introduction

Constructive interference affects the joint probability for the emission of a pair of identical bosons with four-momenta . Experimentally, the proximity in phase space between final-state particles is quantified by the Lorentz-invariant quantity . The BEC effect is observed as an enhancement at low of the ratio of the distributions for pairs of identical particles in the same event, to that for pairs of particles in a reference sample that by construction is expected to include no BEC effect:

In order to reduce possible biases in the construction of the reference sample, a Double ratio is defined,

.

Results

The parameters obtained from fits using the exponential parametrization for to the distribution of are: at 0.9 TeV and at 7 TeV.

In agreement with previous results, an increase of the effective emission radius with charged-particle multiplicity in the event is observed, which accounts for the increase of from 0.9 to 7 TeV. The parameter is nearly independent of the average transverse momentum of the pair of particles at the lowest multiplicity range, and decreases with in events with large charged-particle multiplicity. For the first time in pp interactions, anticorrelations between same-sign charged particles are observed for values above the signal region, as previously reported with LEP data. The anticorrelation effects decrease with increasing charged-particle multiplicity in the event considered in this analysis.

Approved Figures (click to get large size)

Approved Figures Abbreviated Caption
Fig1a.gif Fig1b.gif Double ratio at 900 GeV (left) and 7 TeV (right). The reference sample is obtained from same-sign charged particles from mixed events with similar multiplicities, and the MC simulation is PYTHIA6.4, tune Z2. The error bars are statistical only.

fig2.gif Distribution of Double ratio for 3 intervals in and 3 intervals in charged-particle multiplicity in the event at 7 TeV. The error bars are statistical only.

fig3a.gif fig3b.gif Values of the parameters (top) and (bottom), as a function of in three intervals of charged-particle multiplicity in the event, at 900 GeV (left) and 7 TeV (right). The error bars are statistical only.

fig4.gif Parameter as a function of the charged-particle multiplicity in the event, for = 0.9 and 7 TeV. The dotted and solid lines represent the results of the fits described in the text to the 0.9 and 7 TeV data, respectively.The inner error bars represent the statistical uncertainties and the outer error bars the statistical and systematic uncertainties, added in quadrature. The systematic uncertainties are dominating and are point-to-point correlated.

fig5a.gif fig5b.gif Detail of the distribution of the double ratio for 900 GeV (left) and 7 TeV (right). The dotted lines correspond to fits with Aymmetric Levy Eq.(4) and solid lines to exponential fits. Note the enlarged scale on the y axis. The error bars are statistical only.

fig6.gif Detail of the distribution of the double ratio for 7 TeV using different intervals of charged-particle multiplicity in the event. The lines are fits to the data with Eq.(4). The error bars are statistical only.

fig7.gif Depth of the dip in the anticorrelation region, as a function of the charged-particle multiplicity in the event, for 0.9 and 7 TeV. The inner error bars represent the statistical errors and the outer error bars the statistical and systematic errors, added in quadrature. The systematic uncertainties are dominating and are point-to-point correlated.
Responsible: PaoloChecchia

-- PaoloChecchia - 12-Apr-2011

Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
GIFgif Fig1a.gif r1 manage 8.5 K 2011-04-12 - 17:42 PaoloChecchia Double ratio 900 GeV
GIFgif Fig1b.gif r1 manage 8.2 K 2011-04-06 - 18:42 PaoloChecchia Double ratio 7 TeV
GIFgif fig2.gif r1 manage 22.9 K 2011-04-12 - 12:32 PaoloChecchia Double ratio vs multiplicity and kt
GIFgif fig3a.gif r1 manage 7.4 K 2011-04-12 - 17:37 PaoloChecchia Trend 900 GeV
GIFgif fig3b.gif r1 manage 7.3 K 2011-04-12 - 17:40 PaoloChecchia Trend 7 TeV
GIFgif fig4.gif r1 manage 6.9 K 2011-04-14 - 12:32 PaoloChecchia r vs multiplicity
GIFgif fig5a.gif r1 manage 12.9 K 2011-04-14 - 14:51 PaoloChecchia Dip 900 GeV
GIFgif fig5b.gif r1 manage 11.1 K 2011-04-14 - 14:52 PaoloChecchia Dip 7 TeV
GIFgif fig6.gif r1 manage 18.6 K 2011-04-14 - 14:53 PaoloChecchia Dip vs multiplicity 7 TeV
GIFgif fig7.gif r1 manage 6.6 K 2011-04-14 - 14:53 PaoloChecchia Dip 7 trend
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Topic revision: r7 - 2014-01-28 - PaoloChecchia
 
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