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Work package 4: Impact & sustainability


WP Leader Participant 1 Participant 2 Participant 3 Participant 4 Participant 5 Participant 6


This work package will develop the financial roadmap of the infrastructure project, comprising cost estimates, financing plan, and analysis of socio-economic impacts. The work progresses iteratively in cooperation with WP 2 and WP 3. The financial feasibility of the research infrastructure builds on the concept of a long-term science mission, which permits re-using civil and technical infrastructures for an energy-frontier hadron collider; on the development of a well-balanced investment profile for the lepton collider that interleaves energy upgrades with operation phases; a topically complementary and geographically distributed in-kind participation scheme; a committed user community for experimental facilities at multiple interaction points (work with WP 5) and a design that drives the generation of socio-economic wealth from the very early concept stage. The work package pursues the following goals:

  • Estimate construction and operation costs
  • Develop a spending profile
  • Analyse the socio-economic impacts using a probabilistic, quantitative method
  • Analyse the possibilities for international in-kind contributions
  • Identify impact pathways for co-construction of high-tech systems with industrial partners
  • Identify territorial and regional benefits in a global project

The work will lead to ranges and likelihoods for different impacts and to the formulation of recommendations for the infrastructure with cost-effectiveness sustainability in mind. Sustainability relies on the creation of a committed user community to support and actively participate in a long-term research programme. The findings will be integrated in the design of the particle collider (WP 2) and the territorial scenario (WP 3) such that energy and resource efficiency are also well reflected in a sustainable operation plan.

Work description

Task 4.1: Work package coordination (lead: CSIL, participant: CERN)

CSIL, with the assistance of CERN, coordinates the tasks to ensure consistency with the project plan scope and schedule. This includes the organisation of coordination meetings, setting up of a high-level advisory committee, organisation of reviews with external participation, follow-up of the work and production of scheduled deliverables and reports, coordination of the creation of products for dissemination, collection of information from the other work packages for this WP and dissemination of findings to the other WPs. The task includes the participation in project-wide workshops and conferences and engaging external participants. This highly intersectoral WP requires the coordination with the other WPs on the following subjects:

  • WP 1: Scoping analysis, project objectives, time horizon, learning from similar projects, stakeholder mapping, mutual understanding of expected contribution to society, taxonomy of impacts, fundamental approach to forecast and evaluate impacts and counterfactual scenarios. Selected consortium members will be invited to participate in this coordination activity.
  • WP 2: Research infrastructure baseline parameters and information concerning technologies, product and work breakdown for cost estimates, input parameters for the setup of the socio-economic impact analysis. Recommendations from this WP for adaptations of the machine design to increase the sustainability of the project.
  • WP 3: Information about the territorial constraints and cost impacts of risks (e.g. management of excavation materials), use of resources (e.g. water, electricity), information about territorial synergy potentials (waste-heat consumers, creation of new technical infrastructures, regional development needs), feedback from this WP on territorial development opportunities that would lead to increased socio-economic impacts.
  • WP 5: Information about envisaged engagement and communication products, information about experiment user community sizes, feedback from this WP in view of increased sustainability through citizen engagement and an increased attractiveness for a global science community to invest in the ERA.

Task 4.2: Cost estimates (lead: CERN, participant: CSIL)

Building on the best-practice recommendations developed with the involvement of CSIL, CERN, with the help of CSIL, prepares the cost estimates for the construction and operation phases (part of D4.3). This task includes the development of a spending profile for the preparation, construction and operation phases that is used for the socio-economic impact analysis in task 4.3. The cost estimates draw upon the machine design carried out in WP 2 and the territorial integration activities in WP 3. The estimates will be based on CERN contracted studies, for infrastructure elements which are not part of this project and on more than 20 years’ experience of building and operating the Large-Hadron Collider (LHC) and its high luminosity upgrade.

Task 4.3: Socio-economic impact analysis (lead: CSIL, participants: CERN, SN, USC)

Based on the social cost-benefit analysis work carried out for the LHC/HL-LHC programme and RI-Paths project findings, the participants develop the plan for performing the socio-economic impact study (D4.1). It includes the description of the project scenario, the documentation of the model input parameters, the analysis assumptions that will be gathered in a cooperative effort with the consortium members and the probabilistic mathematical models for all individual impact categories. The core model comprises the effects of training, technological spillovers including ICT, cultural effects, the value of the infrastructure for the public and the impacts of scientific products (e.g. model built with the involvement of SN for publications and openly accessible data). Carry out an ex-ante baseline probabilistic estimation of the socio-economic impacts using a Monte Carlo simulation-based approach (D4.3). Based on the findings, the consortium partners work on sustainability improvement levers and potential opportunities for increased impact. Formulate recommendations for the implementation strategy (D4.4) and document guidelines for the project preparatory phase in the design report (D5.6) taking into account, for instance, EU territorial cooperation programmes.

Task 4.4: Regional and territorial benefit potential identification (lead: CNRS, participants: Cerema, CETU, CERN, CSIL, partners BINP, DOE, EdG and DRRT-AuRA)

Building on the intermediate findings of task 4.3, CNRS assisted by Cerema and CERN, develops a model for the territorial benefit potentials and works with beneficiaries and partners on potential local effects of the construction project and the long-term operation of the infrastructure in the region. This requires establishing interfaces with regional industrial partners (partners EdG and DRRT-AuRA), stakeholders of different interest groups and host-state notified bodies, to develop regional development scenarios together. Using the impact pathways approach and value chain analysis, Cerema, CERN, CNRS and CSIL will perform studies of potential regional impact. One topic will be the study of creating a second technology pole for the research infrastructure, leveraging the existing CNRS “Laboratoire d'Annecy de Physique des Particules” (LAPP).

Task 4.5: Implementation, financing and in-kind contribution strategy (lead: CERN, participant: CSIL)

This task aims to integrate the new infrastructure in a global landscape of research facilities and develop a concept for a geographically distributed and topically complementary co-development with academic and industrial partners. It develops the financing and in-kind contribution strategy for the construction phase and drafts a concept for sustainable operation of the facility (D4.4). This plan takes into account the ongoing EU smart specialisation strategies to strengthen the research and innovation potentials of regions in Europe, as well as their complementarity and cohesion. The project participants will collaborate to propose ways to create visibility of the economic wealth growth through governments’ investments during the construction period, e.g. through societal re-investment incentives for participating companies, conditions for re-investment, long-term symbiotic public-private partnerships, new financial structures, indirect innovation and spillover accounting, co-operative company structures and equity-holding of individuals, private and public organisations.

-- JulieHadre - 2020-10-01

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Topic revision: r2 - 2021-03-12 - IreneDelRosarioCrespoGarrido
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