Anyonic Molecules in Atomic Fractional Quantum Hall Liquids: A Quantitative Probe of Fractional Charge and Anyonic Statistics
Abstract
We study the quantum dynamics of massive impurities embedded in a strongly interacting, twodimensional atomic gas driven into the fractional quantum Hall (FQH) regime under the effect of a synthetic magnetic field. For suitable values of the atomimpurity interaction strength, each impurity can capture one or more quasihole excitations of the FQH liquid, forming a bound molecular state with novel physical properties. An effective Hamiltonian for such anyonic molecules is derived within the BornOppenheimer approximation, which provides renormalized values for their effective mass, charge, and statistics by combining the finite mass of the impurity with the fractional charge and statistics of the quasiholes. The renormalized mass and charge of a single molecule can be extracted from the cyclotron orbit that it describes as a free particle in a magnetic field. The anyonic statistics introduces a statistical phase between the direct and exchange scattering channels of a pair of indistinguishable colliding molecules and can be measured from the angular position of the interference fringes in the differential scattering cross section. Implementations of such schemes beyond cold atomic gases are highlighted—in particular, in photonic systems.
 Publication:

Physical Review X
 Pub Date:
 October 2020
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevX.10.041058
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2004.02477
 Bibcode:
 2020PhRvX..10d1058M
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Quantum Gases
 EPrint:
 22 pages, 11 figures