Questions and requests for theorists
This page collects questions and requests to the theory community from the top groups of CMS and ATLAS. The questions are arranged according to the topic.
 POWHEGBOX and hdamp:
 Q :documentation in POWHEGBOX manual of what exactly the parameter does: current documentation is scarce in the manual and reference quoted therein (JHEP 1006, 043 (2010)). Could manual be updated with more (uptodate) info? (e.g. how exactly if hdamp different than hfact etc.) Could any closed/nonpublished talks (e.g. closed TOPLHC wg sessions) with studies of hdamp effects by \powheg authors please be made publicly available?

 A (P. Nason): hdamp and hfact are the same, it it a convenience naming convention. POWHEGBOX authors are happy to answer email queries, hence estimate this is likely even better than manual update.

 Q : when h(damp)$>$0 the damping factor is evaluated as:~dampfac=h**2/(pt2+h**2), according to POWHEGBOX manual. In this expression, how exactly is pt2 evaluated?

 A (P. Nason): pt is the transverse momentum of the ttbar system, as written to the Les Houches file.
 (a)MC@NLO with fortran Herwig and Herwig++:
 Q: (a)MC@NLO + fHerwig vs Herwig++* for gap fraction observables, soft (Q_0 <100 GeV), central (y<0.8) we observe:
 less radiation activity wrt to data and other generators for MC@NLO+fortran Herwig and aMC@NLO + fortran Herwig wrt to other generators, e.g. (a)MC@NLO+Herwig++
 this was previously explained by K. Hamilton (at Top2012) as to possibly be due to dead regions for PS
 (a)MC@NLO+Herwig++ is doing better. Is this expected? Why exactly? Is it in synch with dead regions for PS explanation?



 A: (R. Frederix, G. Corcella): it is possible, since parton shower are different. Herwig++ does populate dead regions somewhat better than fortran Herwig, since it handles radiation of top and its decay products better. Comment by A. Mitov: it was assessed in arXiv:1209.5798 that interactions between hard, final state partons and spectator partons (remnants) from initial state hadrons can yield corrections that scale as 1/Q_0 => ~ 4% at Q_0 ~ 25 GeV, where we observe less radiation activity. Since these effects are not taken into account into our MCs we might not expect to describe the effects with precision better than that. See V.B of arXiv:1209.5798 for discussion of the effect dedicated to gap fraction observables.

 Q: aMC@NLO+Hw++ (rhs) notably larger than the band with MC@NLO+fHerwig (lhs). Expected? If yes, what is the reason?

 A: from vidyo: yes, expected, since in Herwig++ shower does more work than in fortran Herwig.
 NLO generators internal reweighting:
 Q: POWHEGBOX: we observe that POWHEGBOX and aMC@NLO #newweight printout formats currently differ; are there plans to change format of the #newweight lines wrt to current format in the next POWHEGBOX releases?

 A: ( P. Nason ) Les Houches accord conventions for #newweight (as proposed by R. Frederix) are implemented in POWHEGBOX V2. Hence if we want to use a process with this reweighting schema, e.g. hvq, we should ask for it to be ported to V2. Comment by J. Bendavid: so the idea is to port new processes requiring Les Houches standard weights to V2, rather than porting the new standard to V1? P. Nason: confirms. (ATLAS, CMS todo: we should ask for hvq to be ported to V2.)

 Q: aMC@NLO: we understand that aMC@NLO pdf reweighting currently only works for PDFs contained in the errorset of the nominal PDF used for event generation.
 are there plans to extend pdf reweighting to pdfs not contained in the nominal pdf errorset ? Such that one could e.g. generate with CT10 and reweight to NNPDF?
 We are curious: for the implementation, what exactly is the difference between pdfs not contained in the nominal pdf errorset and pdfs contained in the nominal pdf error set?

 A: ( R. Frederix ) the for this was purely technical detail of implementation (no physics reason behind it). Reweighting to PDFs other than the error set ones is possible wih aMC@NLO and LHAPDF6. It will be implemented soon for LHAPDF6.
Generator setup and modelling systematic
 POWHEG: how can we evaluate intrinsic uncertainties associated with Powheg model? In particular:
 scale variations up/down? Seems to be very small
 choice of different functional form for the scale?
 parameter suggested 14/12/11  ratio of S to F events: is it available in the latest version as an external parameter? If not how to access it?
 related to the latter point: studies mentioned above show effect on ttbar pT. Do we expect any effect from this variation for top pt?
 MadGraph: What is more correct: one variation of all scales (option 1) or three variations (opt 2)?
 Option 1: one coherent variation used by CMS
 scale up (4*Q^2)
 scalefact = 2
 alpsfact = 2
 PARP(64) = 4.
 PARP(72) = 0.125
 scale down (Q^2/4)
 scalefact = 0.5
 alpsfact = 0.5
 PARP(64) = 0.25
 PARP(72) = 0.5
 Option 2: 3 independent variations (used in ttV analysis in Atlas)
 scalefact up/down (scalefact = 2/scalefact = 0.5)
 alpsfact: (effectively varies ISR)
 Up:
 alpsfact = 2
 PARP(64) = 4.
 Down:
 alpsfact = 0.5
 PARP(64) = 0.25
 FSR
 More:
 PARP(72)=0.7905, PARJ(82)=0.5
 Less:
 PARP(72)=0.2635", "PARJ(82)=1.66
 NLO MCs: What are the prospects for getting an improved understanding of the uncertainty in the treatment of MEPS matching? What are the prospects at NLO for ttbar+jet and in the top decay?
 aMC@NLO : since there is not yet possibility for extra parton generation "a la MadGraph" in aMC@NLO, is there any difference w.r.t. the MC@NLO generator ?
 Why do Powheg+PYTHIA and MC@NLO+HERWIG give so much different results in describing the jet multiplicity?
 What is the TH uncertainty that we test when comparing Powheg+PYTHIA and MC@NLO+HERWIG? Can we disentangle the PS part in this comparison?
 Why are Powheg and MC@NLO not predicting same spin correlations ?
 aMC@NLO: What is the status of scale uncertainties via weights in aMC@NLO ? Is this ready to be used by the collaborations ?
 * When looking at initial states at parton level, the fractions of qqbar, gg and q(bar)g depend on the order of the calculation. At NLO, the contribution from q(bar)g to the total cross section is very small and even negative. How are NLO generators dealing with the negative fraction of q(bar)g (which are obviously not physical) and what are the meaning of the initial states in generated events ? Is it meaningful to look at the origin of ttbar events in NLO generators? Related to this, how are negative fractions handled when interfaced to NLO PDFs?
Top mass
 Colorreconnection effects : Is it possible to develop a Model(s) or define a region in parameter space that would allow us to quantify our sensitivity to these effects more precisely than with switching them on and off?
 Fragmentation: We need a method for thorough validation and the potential readjustment of the bfragmentation functions for the LHC phase space and with the latest MC.
 Mass definitions:Relation between pole and MSbar mass at 4loop, to prove convergence and reduce ambiguity on pole mass
 Further clarifications on the effect of EW corrections to the relation between pole and MSbar masses
 Improved understanding of the relationship between the pole and MC mass, as used in current mass analyses and quantification of the associated uncertainty.
Differential distributions
 NNLO: We would like predictions to full NNLO of pT(top), m(l,b)
 Among all MC generators tested so far (including Powheg+Pythia and MC@NLO+Herwig), Powheg+Herwig gives the best decription of the ttbar differential cross section data. In particular, it describes the shape of the pt(top) distribution well over the whole measured range. This is true for both CMS and ATLAS. What is the relevant difference to other generators where the pt(top) distribution is different? Can we adjust other generators, in particular Madgraph, such that a similarly good description is achieved ?
Top pair cross section
Single top
 Shall we marginalize or not the theory uncertainties? In some analyses the variation of simulation shapes/rates due to some theory uncertainties significantly different from data, indicating a possible overestimate of those uncertainties. This occurs mainly with renormalization and factorization scale varied between 0.5x and 2x the nominal value. One way to treat this in data is to constrain these scale from data, which would result in significantly smaller uncertainties than the usual 0.5x/2x recipe. This practice, however, is sometimes consider too aggressive. Is there any recommendation from the theory side on how to take into account properly the scale variation uncertainty, in cases when data show that the usual 0.5x/2x range corresponds to more than a 68% coverage? This question holds for the constraining of TH uncertainties on signal and background (typically ttbar)
 Connected to the previous one: how could we constrain PS for singletop event using data (as was done for ttbar in the gap fraction analysis) ? Is there a relevant observable that could be probed ?
 How well can we trust the ALPGEN heavy flavor in the 1 jet bin? As we use the 4 flavor scheme we have a separate Wc sample, but no separate Wb sample. In principle our Wbb sample should take care of (some) Wb production. How good is this prediction  or  can they propose a procedure to estimate this uncertainty?
 Recommendation for generator uncertainties when using aMC@NLO, 4FS. Which uncertainties should be considered within the generator, for ISR/FSR and comparing to matched 2>2/2>3 generators
 When should/can we give up the separation of Wt and ttbar? In other words, what is the status of inclusive WWbb calculation and MC?
 tchannel signal modeling:
 We do know that the 4FS is supposed to reduce the fact./renormalization scales dependence on the 2nd bjet kinematic observables, besides giving us the effect of adding a mass for the bquark. Is this the case for other objects distributions in our highmomentum regimes? In other words : can we have the distributions of top/light jet pt and eta with the envelope of fact./renormalization scales and pdfs, preferably in a regime that is similar to the one of our analyses (e.g. 23 jets with pt > 40)?
 In general: is it sufficient/correct to quote fact./renorm. scales and pdf as theoretical uncertainties on the 4FS tchannel?
 aMC@NLO: What are the prospects to have tchannel + jets? Will there be special recommendations to generate this process, also in the light of tH, predictions for tchannel+b (bbar)?
 TopFit: it would be important to extend this program towards taking correlations between measurements properly into account
 Would be nice to have a similar program for FCNC anomalous couplings as for Wtb anomalous couplings
 What are the suggested differential TH calculations (with acceptance definitions) that experimentalists should superimpose to unfolded differential distributions from data?
 tWchannel signal modeling:
 What is the status of tW in aMC@NLO/other NLO generators? Is it possible to implement the DR/DS scheme?
 LizaMijovic  22 May 2014