dom5 (a laptop):     
Dell Vostro 5459-1894

For inforamtion on different OS installed on dom5, see

Specifications

  • Real weight (as measured 27.10.16):
    • w/o 220V net adapter: 1755 g ,
    • with : 2073 g .

Manuals

  • Vostro 14 5000 Series Quick Start Guide , an extremely short brochure -- the only instructions appended to the notebook on paper.
    A pdf version (0.5MiB) found on the web: www.ict-hardware.pl/... ( local copy )
    • contains the following links:
      Product support and manuals dell.com/support
      dell.com/support/manuals
      Contact Dell dell.com/contactdell
      Regulatory and safety dell.com/regulatory_compliance

Initial settings in BIOS/UEFI Setup Utility

  • The manual Vostro 14-5459 Manual ("Rukovodstvo po ekspluatacii") , section 3 System Setup Utility ("Programma nastrojki sistemy"), p.24, recommends one to write down all the initial settings before starting changing them.

    We do it here 17.04.17 .

    UPDATE 08.12.17 : The setup utility has been updated to the version 1.0.9 via a semiautomatic DELL Update (the system had suggested an update, we had approved it) . All the snapshots below are still valid; the only exception is the change of BIOS Version from 1.0.4 to 1.0.9 in the Main MENU .

    UPDATE 18.02.18 : The setup utility has been updated to the version 1.1.3 . All the snapshots below are still valid; the only exception is the change of BIOS Version from 1.0.4 to 1.1.3 in the Main MENU .

Booting to BIOS Setup Utility and booting from a USB flash drive

  • 13.04.19: A startup screen with F2 (BIOS) anf F12 (Boot Menu) options is missing (for unknown reasons) at the boot time, and the PC boots directly to the Fedora 27 GRUB2 Boot Menu. Thus, we can neither invoke the BIOS Setup nor boot, e.g., from an external USB Flash Drive (via F12 menu), in a regular way.

  • Alternative ways to boot from a USB flash drive:

    • Boot via GRUB boot loader which is invoked by default during the boot since Fedora is on board of dom5
      • The method is inspired by the google search for boot usb from grub -> a discussion in "Boot and Install Windows 10 using grub" https://askubuntu.com/questions/932999/boot-and-install-windows-10-using-grub
      • The procedure is as follows:
        • shutdown the PC, insert a bootable USB drive, turn the PC on
        • in the Grub boot menu with Fedora and Win branches, type c to invoke grub command line
        • grub> ls
          • to see available partitions on both USB and hard disks
            • Usually, the USB comes first and is called (hd0), a partition (= "device") is named as (hd0,something) , e.g., (hd0,gpt1)
            • a command like ls (hd0,gpt1)/ lists files/subdirs in the root directory of the partition,
              similarily, ls (hd0,gpt1)/EFI/ lists files/subdirs in the /EFI subdirectory
        • grub> chainloader < path_to_a_file >
          • declares a steering file for the grub, e.g., path_to_a_file may look as (hd0,msdos2)/efi/boot/grubx64.efi
        • grub> boot
          • invokes the boot from the specified file

      • We managed to boot this way from two USB flash drives:
        • Fedora 27 Live made with the rufus utility at Win 7 @ dom3 .
          The key boot command was:
          • grub> chainloader (hd0,gpt1)/EFI/BOOT/grubx64.efi
        • Fedora 29 Live (actually, an SD card in a card reader) written using Fedora Media Writer at Win 7 @ dom3 .
          The command:
          • grub> chainloader (hd0,msdos2)/efi/boot/grubx64.efi

    • Boot via Advanced Startup in Windows 10 is described in "How to Boot from a USB Flash Drive in Windows 10", https://www.tenforums.com/tutorials/21756-boot-usb-drive-windows-10-pc.html.
      • A preliminary test was unsuccessful. Perhaps, tests should be continued...

Windows 10 Home

  1. (30-31.03.17) Windows updates including the Anniversary Update to Version 1607

  2. (05.04.17) Creating a USB Recovery disk

  • A 16 GB USB 2.0 disk with FAT32 file system and the volume name "STORE N GO", inserted to a USB port
  • Control panel
    -> Recovery ("Vosstanovlenie")
    -> Create recovery disk ( "Sozdanie diska vosstanovleniya")
    -> "making sure to keep the check box next to Back up system files to the recovery drive checked"
    • a preparatory stage followed, took ~6'
    • a confirmation about the detected USB was requested
    • a main stage followed (took 1h 30'), consisting of the following steps changing each other automatically:
      • disk formatting
      • copying service programs ("kopirovanie sluzhebnyh programm")
      • backing up system files ("rezervnoe kopirovanie sustemnyh fajlov")
      • copying the system ("kopirovanie sistemy") -- this took the major part of the time
    • The result : A FAT32 disk with empty volume name with the size of 9.51 GB (8.85 GiB)
    • We named the disk via the Properties screen as "WIN10REC D5" standing for "Windows 10 Recovery @ dom5"

  3. (06.04.17) Creating a Repair disc (CD-ROM)

  • A blank CD-ROM inserted into the external CD/DVD-RW drive
  • Control panel
    -> File history ("Istoriya fajlov")
    -> System Image Backup ("Rezervnaya kopiya obraza sistemy")
    -> Create a system repair disc ("Sozdat' disk vosstanovleniya sistemy")
    ...
  • The result:
    • a 389 MB disc with the name "Disk vosstanovleniya Windows 10 6", where the "6" must be the cut version of "64-razryadnaya"
    • the disc got a hand-written legend Repair disc Windows 10 64-bit @ dom5

  4. (08.04.17) Installing RU YAWERTY keyboard layouts. Language bar settings.

  • The layout versions created at Win 7 @ dom3, have been installed:
    layout Language / Layout name Installation command Description / source
    yawerty cp-1251 RU / Ru YAWERTY xruskb C:\data\Distributives\ru_keyboard_phonetic\ruskbd-yawerty-asLinux\ruskbd-yawerty-asLinux\ruylinux\setup.exe AVFedotovHowTo -> Russification -> ... -> "Standard" YAWERTY: AF's version :
    https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/Main/AVFedotovHowTo#Standard_YAWERTY_AF_s_version
    yawerty koi8-r EN / RU koi8 yawerty C:\data\Distributives\ru_keyboard_phonetic\koi8\kbd_koi8r_yawerty_af\kbd_koi8r_yawerty_af\kbd_koi8r_yawerty_af_EN-US\kbdusk8y\setup.exe AVFedotovHowTo -> Russification -> ... -> yawerty KOI8-R :
    https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/Main/AVFedotovHowTo#yawerty_KOI8_R
    yawerty koi8-r IS / RU koi8 yawerty C:\data\Distributives\ru_keyboard_phonetic\koi8\kbd_koi8r_yawerty_af\kbd_koi8r_yawerty_af\kbd_koi8r_yawerty_af_IS-IS\kbdick8y\setup.exe ditto
  • Thus we have the following active layouts:
    Language 1st layout 2nd layout
    EN US RU koi8 yawerty
    RU Ru YAWERTY xruskb (cp-1251) Ru Russkaya (JCUKEN cp-1251)
    IS RU koi8 yawerty -  
    • After the installation, the "Ru YAWERTY xruskb (cp-1251)" was the second layout of the RU language. In order to make "YAWERTY" the first one, we deleted the default "JCUKEN" and then added it anew.
      • The "Delete" button appears if a layout is left-clicked in the window
        Settings -> Time & Language -> Region and Language -> Click on a language -> Settings ("Parametry")

  • We set the following key combinations to switch between languages and layouts:
    change language CTRL + SHIFT
    change layout left ALT + SHIFT
    • This is done in the window Change key combinations ("Izmenenie sochetaniya klavish").
      One gets there e.g. via
      • Settings -> Time & Language -> Region and Language -> More settings ("Dop. parametry" at the bottom) -- getting to the "Clock, language and Regions" section of the Control Panel -> Language -> Change input method ("Izmenenie sposoba vvoda") -> More settings ("Dop. parametry" in the left column) -> Change key combinations in the language panel ("Izmenenie sochetaniya klavish yazukovoj paneli")

  • The language bar which is similar to that of Window 7, is invoked following the prescription of http://liwihelp.ru/sistema/yazykovaya_panel_v_windows_10.html
    • Settings -> Time & Language -> Region and Language -> More settings ("Dop. parametry" at the bottom) -- getting to the "Clock, language and Regions" section of the Control Panel -> Language -> Change input method ("Izmenenie sposoba vvoda") -> More settings ("Dop. parametry" in the left column)
    • -> section Switching input methods ("Pereklyuchenie metodov vvoda")
      • check Use language bar if it is accessible ("Ispol'zovat' yaz.panel', esli ona dostupna")
      • Press Parameters ("Parametry"). A new window opens:
        • Check Floating On Desktop ("Raspolagaetsya v proizvol'nom meste rabochego stola")
        • Check Show text labels on the Language bar ("Otobrazhat' tekstovye metki na yaz.paneli")
        • Press OK, close this window, return to the previous one.
      • Press Save ("Sohranit' ")

  • The default Language/Layout menu is still accessible with Win + spacebar ...

  5. (13.04.17) Windows update to Version 1703 -- Creators Update or Redstone 2

  • Afterwards:
    • Disk C: status: 415 GiB free , 37.4 GiB used out of 452 GiB (GB: 445.78, 40.25, 486.03)
    • Windows.old subdir: size 30.9 (33.28) GiB (GB), on disk 25.3 (27.21)
    • Windows subdir: size 35.3 (37.98) GiB (GB), on disk 24.1 (25.96)

  6. (08.12.17) Windows update to Version 1709 -- Fall Creators Update or Redstone 3

  • The major Windows 10 Version 1709 (Fall Creators Update) or "Redstone 3" , build ("sborka") 16299.98 , installed via Windows Update
    (got build number from win+R -> winver -> OK)

    Three updates are mentioned in the Update journal (Parameters -> Windows Update (Centr obnovleniya) -> Browse the journal of installed updates )
    • "Obnovlenie komponentov (1)": "Obnovlenie funkcij do Windows 10, versiya 1709"
    • "Ispavleniya (2)": KB4048951, KB4041994

  • Afterwards:
    • Disk C: status: 401 GiB free , 50.8 GiB used out of 452 GiB (GB: 431.46, 54.67, 486.03)
    • Windows.old subdir: size 38.2 (41.09) GiB (GB), on disk 33.0 (35.50)
    • Windows subdir: size 32.0 (34.46) GiB (GB), on disk 31.0 (33.34)

  7. (13.12.17) HDD partitions

    Viewing from Windows

  • A disk view with the Disk Management utility
    (Control panel -> "Administrirovanie" -> "Upravlenie komp'yuterom" -> "Upravlenie diskami" ) :

    Clicking on "Disk 0" with rigth-mouse and selecting Properties:
    • The partitioning style is GPT (GUID partition table) (not MBR (master boot record) ).
    • The first partition is an EFI one.
    • Partition 5 is indicated while only four are present => at least one must be missing.

  • Lists of volumes and partitions with the diskpart utility
    (search for cmd -> run as administrator -> diskpart):
    C:\WINDOWS\system32>diskpart
    
    Microsoft DiskPart version 10.0.16299.15
    
    Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation.
    On computer: DOM5
    
    DISKPART> list disk
    
      Disk ###  Status         Size     Free     Dyn  Gpt
      --------  -------------  -------  -------  ---  ---
      Disk 0    Online          465 GB      0 B        *
    
    DISKPART> sel disk 0
    
    Disk 0 is now the selected disk.
    
    DISKPART> list vol
    
      Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
      ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
      Volume 0     C   OS           NTFS   Partition    452 GB  Healthy    Boot
      Volume 1         ESP          FAT32  Partition    500 MB  Healthy    System
      Volume 2         WINRETOOLS   NTFS   Partition    450 MB  Healthy    Hidden
      Volume 3         Image        NTFS   Partition     12 GB  Healthy    Hidden
    
    DISKPART> list part
    
      Partition ###  Type              Size     Offset
      -------------  ----------------  -------  -------
      Partition 1    System             500 MB  1024 KB
      Partition 2    Reserved           128 MB   501 MB
      Partition 3    Primary            452 GB   629 MB
      Partition 4    Recovery           450 MB   453 GB
      Partition 5    Recovery            12 GB   453 GB
    
    • Partition 2 is missing in the Disk Management view.
  • More detailed diskpart info on partitions: More... Close
    DISKPART> sel part 1
    
    Partition 1 is now the selected partition.
    
    DISKPART> detail part
    
    Partition 1
    Type    : c12a7328-f81f-11d2-ba4b-00a0c93ec93b
    Hidden  : Yes
    Required: No
    Attrib  : 0X8000000000000000
    Offset in Bytes: 1048576
    
      Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
      ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
    * Volume 1         ESP          FAT32  Partition    500 MB  Healthy    System
    
    DISKPART> sel part 2
    
    Partition 2 is now the selected partition.
    
    DISKPART> detail part
    
    Partition 2
    Type    : e3c9e316-0b5c-4db8-817d-f92df00215ae
    Hidden  : Yes
    Required: No
    Attrib  : 0X8000000000000000
    Offset in Bytes: 525336576
    
    There is no volume associated with this partition.
    
    DISKPART> sel part 3
    
    Partition 3 is now the selected partition.
    
    DISKPART> detail part
    
    Partition 3
    Type    : ebd0a0a2-b9e5-4433-87c0-68b6b72699c7
    Hidden  : No
    Required: No
    Attrib  : 0000000000000000
    Offset in Bytes: 659554304
    
      Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
      ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
    * Volume 0     C   OS           NTFS   Partition    452 GB  Healthy    Boot
    
    DISKPART> sel part 4
    
    Partition 4 is now the selected partition.
    
    DISKPART> detail part
    
    Partition 4
    Type    : de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac
    Hidden  : Yes
    Required: Yes
    Attrib  : 0X8000000000000001
    Offset in Bytes: 486687113216
    
      Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
      ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
    * Volume 2         WINRETOOLS   NTFS   Partition    450 MB  Healthy    Hidden
    
    DISKPART> sel part 5
    
    Partition 5 is now the selected partition.
    
    DISKPART> detail part
    
    Partition 5
    Type    : de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac
    Hidden  : Yes
    Required: Yes
    Attrib  : 0X8000000000000001
    Offset in Bytes: 487158972416
    
      Volume ###  Ltr  Label        Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
      ----------  ---  -----------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  --------
    * Volume 3         Image        NTFS   Partition     12 GB  Healthy    Hidden
    
    and volumes: More... Close
    DISKPART> sel vol 0
    
    Volume 0 is the selected volume.
    
    DISKPART> detail vol
    
      Disk ###  Status         Size     Free     Dyn  Gpt
      --------  -------------  -------  -------  ---  ---
    * Disk 0    Online          465 GB      0 B        *
    
    Read-only              : No
    Hidden                 : No
    No Default Drive Letter: No
    Shadow Copy            : No
    Offline                : No
    BitLocker Encrypted    : No
    Installable            : Yes
    
    Volume Capacity        :  452 GB
    Volume Free Space      :  400 GB
    
    DISKPART> sel vol 1
    
    Volume 1 is the selected volume.
    
    DISKPART> detail vol
    
      Disk ###  Status         Size     Free     Dyn  Gpt
      --------  -------------  -------  -------  ---  ---
    * Disk 0    Online          465 GB      0 B        *
    
    Offline                : No
    
    DISKPART> sel vol 2
    
    Volume 2 is the selected volume.
    
    DISKPART> detail vol
    
      Disk ###  Status         Size     Free     Dyn  Gpt
      --------  -------------  -------  -------  ---  ---
    * Disk 0    Online          465 GB      0 B        *
    
    Offline                : No
    
    DISKPART> sel vol 3
    
    Volume 3 is the selected volume.
    
    DISKPART> detail vol
    
      Disk ###  Status         Size     Free     Dyn  Gpt
      --------  -------------  -------  -------  ---  ---
    * Disk 0    Online          465 GB      0 B        *
    
    Offline                : No
    
  • diskpart online help for reference: More... Close
    DISKPART> help
    
    Microsoft DiskPart version 10.0.16299.15
    
    ACTIVE      - Mark the selected partition as active.
    ADD         - Add a mirror to a simple volume.
    ASSIGN      - Assign a drive letter or mount point to the selected volume.
    ATTRIBUTES  - Manipulate volume or disk attributes.
    ATTACH      - Attaches a virtual disk file.
    AUTOMOUNT   - Enable and disable automatic mounting of basic volumes.
    BREAK       - Break a mirror set.
    CLEAN       - Clear the configuration information, or all information, off the
                  disk.
    COMPACT     - Attempts to reduce the physical size of the file.
    CONVERT     - Convert between different disk formats.
    CREATE      - Create a volume, partition or virtual disk.
    DELETE      - Delete an object.
    DETAIL      - Provide details about an object.
    DETACH      - Detaches a virtual disk file.
    EXIT        - Exit DiskPart.
    EXTEND      - Extend a volume.
    EXPAND      - Expands the maximum size available on a virtual disk.
    FILESYSTEMS - Display current and supported file systems on the volume.
    FORMAT      - Format the volume or partition.
    GPT         - Assign attributes to the selected GPT partition.
    HELP        - Display a list of commands.
    IMPORT      - Import a disk group.
    INACTIVE    - Mark the selected partition as inactive.
    LIST        - Display a list of objects.
    MERGE       - Merges a child disk with its parents.
    ONLINE      - Online an object that is currently marked as offline.
    OFFLINE     - Offline an object that is currently marked as online.
    RECOVER     - Refreshes the state of all disks in the selected pack.
                  Attempts recovery on disks in the invalid pack, and
                  resynchronizes mirrored volumes and RAID5 volumes
                  that have stale plex or parity data.
    REM         - Does nothing. This is used to comment scripts.
    REMOVE      - Remove a drive letter or mount point assignment.
    REPAIR      - Repair a RAID-5 volume with a failed member.
    RESCAN      - Rescan the computer looking for disks and volumes.
    RETAIN      - Place a retained partition under a simple volume.
    SAN         - Display or set the SAN policy for the currently booted OS.
    SELECT      - Shift the focus to an object.
    SETID       - Change the partition type.
    SHRINK      - Reduce the size of the selected volume.
    UNIQUEID    - Displays or sets the GUID partition table (GPT) identifier or
                  master boot record (MBR) signature of a disk.
    
    .

    Viewing from Fedora-27-Live Linux

  • fdisk -l : More... Close
    liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo fdisk -l |less
    
    Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    Disklabel type: gpt
    Disk identifier: DB3ADAE8-183D-4E4E-9B79-38095BEC8515
    
    Device         Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
    /dev/sda1       2048   1026047   1024000   500M EFI System
    /dev/sda2    1026048   1288191    262144   128M Microsoft reserved
    /dev/sda3    1288192 950560767 949272576 452.7G Microsoft basic data
    /dev/sda4  950560768 951482367    921600   450M Windows recovery environment
    /dev/sda5  951482368 976773119  25290752  12.1G Windows recovery environment
    
    
    Disk /dev/sdb: 14.5 GiB, 15524167680 bytes, 30320640 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disklabel type: gpt
    Disk identifier: 3D08AEE9-EECA-4890-9979-41B174BCF262
    
    Device     Start      End  Sectors  Size Type
    /dev/sdb1   2048 30320606 30318559 14.5G Microsoft basic data
    
    • /dev/sda is the internal HDD, while /dev/sdb is an external USB disk with Fedora linux.

  • fdisk -l /dev/sda :
    [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo fdisk -l /dev/sda
    Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    Disklabel type: gpt
    Disk identifier: DB3ADAE8-183D-4E4E-9B79-38095BEC8515
    
    Device         Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
    /dev/sda1       2048   1026047   1024000   500M EFI System
    /dev/sda2    1026048   1288191    262144   128M Microsoft reserved
    /dev/sda3    1288192 950560767 949272576 452.7G Microsoft basic data
    /dev/sda4  950560768 951482367    921600   450M Windows recovery environment
    /dev/sda5  951482368 976773119  25290752  12.1G Windows recovery environment
    

  • fdisk -l  /dev/sda? :
    More... Close
    [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo fdisk -l  /dev/sda?        
    
    
    Disk /dev/sda1: 500 MiB, 524288000 bytes, 1024000 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    Disklabel type: dos
    Disk identifier: 0x500a0dff
    
    Device      Boot      Start        End    Sectors   Size Id Type
    /dev/sda1p1      1948285285 3650263507 1701978223 811.6G 6e unknown
    /dev/sda1p2               0          0          0     0B 74 unknown
    /dev/sda1p4        28049408   28049848        441 220.5K  0 Empty
    
    Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.
    Partition table entries are not in disk order.
    
    
    Disk /dev/sda2: 128 MiB, 134217728 bytes, 262144 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    
    
    Disk /dev/sda3: 452.7 GiB, 486027558912 bytes, 949272576 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    Disklabel type: dos
    Disk identifier: 0x73736572
    
    Device      Boot      Start        End    Sectors   Size Id Type
    /dev/sda3p1      1920221984 3736432267 1816210284   866G 72 unknown
    /dev/sda3p2      1936028192 3889681299 1953653108 931.6G 6c unknown
    /dev/sda3p3               0          0          0     0B  0 Empty
    /dev/sda3p4        27722122   27722568        447 223.5K  0 Empty
    
    Partition 4 does not start on physical sector boundary.
    Partition table entries are not in disk order.
    
    
    Disk /dev/sda4: 450 MiB, 471859200 bytes, 921600 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    Disklabel type: dos
    Disk identifier: 0x73736572
    
    Device      Boot      Start        End    Sectors   Size Id Type
    /dev/sda4p1      1920221984 3736432267 1816210284   866G 72 unknown
    /dev/sda4p2      1936028192 3889681299 1953653108 931.6G 6c unknown
    /dev/sda4p3               0          0          0     0B  0 Empty
    /dev/sda4p4        27722122   27722568        447 223.5K  0 Empty
    
    Partition 4 does not start on physical sector boundary.
    Partition table entries are not in disk order.
    
    
    Disk /dev/sda5: 12.1 GiB, 12948865024 bytes, 25290752 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    Disklabel type: dos
    Disk identifier: 0x73736572
    
    Device      Boot      Start        End    Sectors   Size Id Type
    /dev/sda5p1      1920221984 3736432267 1816210284   866G 72 unknown
    /dev/sda5p2      1936028192 3889681299 1953653108 931.6G 6c unknown
    /dev/sda5p3               0          0          0     0B  0 Empty
    /dev/sda5p4        27722122   27722568        447 223.5K  0 Empty
    
    Partition 4 does not start on physical sector boundary.
    Partition table entries are not in disk order.
    
    .

  • blockdev --report /dev/sda* :
    [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo blockdev --report /dev/sda*
    RO    RA   SSZ   BSZ   StartSec            Size   Device
    rw   256   512  4096          0    500107862016   /dev/sda
    rw   256   512  4096       2048       524288000   /dev/sda1
    rw   256   512  4096    1026048       134217728   /dev/sda2
    rw   256   512  4096    1288192    486027558912   /dev/sda3
    rw   256   512  4096  950560768       471859200   /dev/sda4
    rw   256   512  4096  951482368     12948865024   /dev/sda5
    

  • blkid (output indented for a more comfortable inspection):
    [liveuser@localhost ~]$ blkid 
    /dev/sdb1: ...
    /dev/sda1: LABEL="ESP" \
               UUID="0893-88F0" \
               TYPE="vfat" \
               PARTLABEL="EFI system partition" \
               PARTUUID="704600fb-4d71-4e5a-88c5-e3ab33b0690d"
    /dev/sda3: LABEL="OS" \
               UUID="EA2247182246E961" \
               TYPE="ntfs" 
               PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" \
               PARTUUID="abf85815-1a5d-40b8-b4e4-92c832c41bce"
    /dev/sda4: LABEL="WINRETOOLS" \
               UUID="7C8E3A828E3A34CC" \
               TYPE="ntfs" \
               PARTUUID="f1e2a51c-5271-45d4-a44a-c3479cf323d9"
    /dev/sda5: LABEL="Image" \
               UUID="06423B7E423B7193" \
               TYPE="ntfs" \
               PARTUUID="a58ba18f-bc35-4d72-90f2-d20576859e86"
    /dev/loop0: ...
    ...
    

  • lsblk ... :
    [liveuser@localhost ~]$ lsblk -i -o NAME,SIZE,TYPE,PARTTYPE,PARTLABEL,FSTYPE,LABEL /dev/sda
    
    NAME     SIZE TYPE PARTTYPE                             PARTLABEL                    FSTYPE LABEL
    sda    465.8G disk                                                                          
    |-sda1   500M part c12a7328-f81f-11d2-ba4b-00a0c93ec93b EFI system partition         vfat   ESP
    |-sda2   128M part e3c9e316-0b5c-4db8-817d-f92df00215ae Microsoft reserved partition        
    |-sda3 452.7G part ebd0a0a2-b9e5-4433-87c0-68b6b72699c7 Basic data partition         ntfs   OS
    |-sda4   450M part de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac                              ntfs   WINRETOOLS
    `-sda5  12.1G part de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac                              ntfs   Image
    

      Contents of the partitions 1, 4, 5

  • Inspecting contents of the partitions
    • mounting
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mkdir /mnt/sda1
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ ll /mnt
      total 4
      drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49 sda1
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mkdir /mnt/sda2
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mkdir /mnt/sda4
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mkdir /mnt/sda5
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ ll /mnt
      total 16
      drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49 sda1
      drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49 sda2
      drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49 sda4
      drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49 sda5
      
      
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mount -r /dev/sda1 /mnt/sda1
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mount -r /dev/sda2 /mnt/sda2
      mount: /mnt/sda2: wrong fs type, bad option,\
             bad superblock on /dev/sda2, missing codepage or helper program, \
             or other error.
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mount -r /dev/sda4 /mnt/sda4
      [liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo mount -r /dev/sda5 /mnt/sda5
      
      we did not mount sda3 with the Win10 operating system
      and we did not succeed in mounting sda2

    • sda1
      • [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1
        total 16
        drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Dec 31  1969  .
        drwxr-xr-x. 6 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49  ..
        drwxr-xr-x. 5 root root 4096 Jan 29  2016  EFI
        drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Mar 31  2017 'System Volume Information'
        
        [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/System\ Volume\ Information/
        total 12
        drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Mar 31  2017 .
        drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Dec 31  1969 ..
        -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root   76 Mar 31  2017 IndexerVolumeGuid
        
        [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/
        total 20
        drwxr-xr-x. 5 root root 4096 Jan 29  2016 .
        drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Dec 31  1969 ..
        drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 Boot
        drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 dell
        drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 Microsoft
        
        • sda1/EFI/Boot/
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Boot/
          total 1232
          drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 .
          drwxr-xr-x. 5 root root    4096 Jan 29  2016 ..
          -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 1250336 Sep 29 17:37 bootx64.efi
          
        • sda1/EFI/dell/
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/dell/
          total 12
          drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 .
          drwxr-xr-x. 5 root root 4096 Jan 29  2016 ..
          drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 bios
          
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/dell/bios/
          total 12
          drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 .
          drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 ..
          drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 recovery
          
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/dell/bios/recovery/
          total 20488
          drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root     4096 Jun  4  2016 .
          drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root     4096 Jun  4  2016 ..
          -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 12582912 Dec  8 03:06 BIOS_CUR.rcv
          -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root  8388608 Jun  4  2016 BIOS_PRE.rcv
          
        • sda1/EFI/: Microsoft and Microsoft/Recovery/
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/
          total 20
          drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 .
          drwxr-xr-x.  5 root root 4096 Jan 29  2016 ..
          drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root 8192 Jun  4  2016 Boot
          drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016 Recovery
          
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Recovery/
          total 60
          drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
          drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 ..
          -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 28672 Dec  8 10:34 BCD
          -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 24576 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG
          -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root     0 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG1
          -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root     0 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG2
          
        • sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/
          • full list (both files and directories) More... Close
            [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/
            total 5072
            drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root    8192 Jun  4  2016 .
            drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ..
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   61440 Dec 14  2017 BCD
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   81920 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root       0 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG1
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root       0 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG2
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 bg-BG
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 1250336 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgfw.efi
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 1236376 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgr.efi
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  115616 Mar 19  2017 bootspaces.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   65536 Dec  8 10:13 BOOTSTAT.DAT
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root    4669 Sep 29 17:37 boot.stl
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 cs-CZ
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 da-DK
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 de-DE
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 el-GR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 en-GB
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 en-US
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 es-ES
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 es-MX
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 et-EE
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 fi-FI
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 Fonts
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 fr-CA
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 fr-FR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 hr-HR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 hu-HU
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 it-IT
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ja-JP
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   31128 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_10df.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  329112 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_10ec.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   26520 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_1137.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  216472 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_14e4.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   44440 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_15b3.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   42392 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_1969.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   30240 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_19a2.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   20376 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_1af4.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  248728 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_8086.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   18840 Sep 29 17:37 kd_07_1415.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   40344 Sep 29 17:37 kd_0C_8086.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   23448 Sep 29 17:37 kdstub.dll
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ko-KR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 lt-LT
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 lv-LV
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 1082264 Sep 29 17:37 memtest.efi
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 nb-NO
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 nl-NL
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 pl-PL
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 pt-BR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 pt-PT
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 qps-ploc
            drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 Resources
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 ro-RO
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ru-RU
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 sk-SK
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 sl-SI
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 sr-Latn-CS
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 sr-Latn-RS
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 sv-SE
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 tr-TR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 uk-UA
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root    4662 Mar 19  2017 updaterevokesipolicy.p7b
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root    7678 Sep 29 17:37 winsipolicy.p7b
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 zh-CN
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 zh-HK
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 zh-TW
            
            .
          • files only
            [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/ |grep -v drw
            total 5072
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   61440 Dec 14  2017 BCD
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   81920 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root       0 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG1
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root       0 Jun  4  2016 BCD.LOG2
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 1250336 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgfw.efi
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 1236376 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgr.efi
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  115616 Mar 19  2017 bootspaces.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   65536 Dec  8 10:13 BOOTSTAT.DAT
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root    4669 Sep 29 17:37 boot.stl
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   31128 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_10df.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  329112 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_10ec.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   26520 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_1137.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  216472 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_14e4.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   44440 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_15b3.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   42392 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_1969.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   30240 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_19a2.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   20376 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_1af4.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  248728 Sep 29 17:37 kd_02_8086.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   18840 Sep 29 17:37 kd_07_1415.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   40344 Sep 29 17:37 kd_0C_8086.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   23448 Sep 29 17:37 kdstub.dll
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 1082264 Sep 29 17:37 memtest.efi
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root    4662 Mar 19  2017 updaterevokesipolicy.p7b
            -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root    7678 Sep 29 17:37 winsipolicy.p7b
            
          • dirs only More... Close
            [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/ |grep drw   
            drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root    8192 Jun  4  2016 .
            drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ..
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 bg-BG
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 cs-CZ
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 da-DK
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 de-DE
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 el-GR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 en-GB
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 en-US
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 es-ES
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 es-MX
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 et-EE
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 fi-FI
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 Fonts
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 fr-CA
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 fr-FR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 hr-HR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 hu-HU
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 it-IT
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ja-JP
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ko-KR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 lt-LT
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 lv-LV
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 nb-NO
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 nl-NL
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 pl-PL
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 pt-BR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 pt-PT
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 qps-ploc
            drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 Resources
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 ro-RO
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 ru-RU
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 sk-SK
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 sl-SI
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 sr-Latn-CS
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 sr-Latn-RS
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 sv-SE
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 tr-TR
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Mar 31  2017 uk-UA
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 zh-CN
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 zh-HK
            drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 zh-TW
            
            • Examples of "language" dirs: More... Close
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/ru-RU/
              total 208
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root  8192 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 77208 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgfw.efi.mui
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 77208 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgr.efi.mui
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 44952 Sep 29 17:37 memtest.efi.mui
              
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/en-US/
              total 208
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root  8192 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 73760 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgfw.efi.mui
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 74648 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgr.efi.mui
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 44952 Sep 29 17:37 memtest.efi.mui
              
            • all lang dirs of type ??-??:
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ \
                ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/??-?? \
                | cat >> /run/media/liveuser/KINGSTON/dom5/sda1-efi-ms-boot-lang_dirs
              
              -- see the result in a separate file
            • sr-Latn-* dirs: More... Close
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/sr*
              sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/sr-Latn-CS:
              total 60
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root  8192 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 45408 Mar 28  2017 memtest.efi.mui
              
              sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/sr-Latn-RS:
              total 164
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Mar 31  2017 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root  8192 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 76320 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgfw.efi.mui
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 77208 Sep 29 17:37 bootmgr.efi.mui
              
            • Fonts dir: More... Close
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/Fonts/
              total 13200
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root    4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root    8192 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 3695714 Sep 29 17:37 chs_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 3878407 Sep 29 17:37 cht_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 1985861 Sep 29 17:37 jpn_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 2372994 Sep 29 17:37 kor_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  177411 Sep 29 17:37 malgun_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  174954 Sep 29 17:37 malgunn_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  145414 Sep 29 17:37 meiryo_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  143750 Sep 29 17:37 meiryon_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  164341 Sep 29 17:37 msjh_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  162323 Sep 29 17:37 msjhn_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  155350 Sep 29 17:37 msyh_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root  154422 Sep 29 17:37 msyhn_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   44854 Sep 29 17:37 segmono_boot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   85858 Sep 29 17:37 segoen_slboot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   86174 Sep 29 17:37 segoe_slboot.ttf
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root   49086 Sep 29 17:37 wgl4_boot.ttf
              
            • qps-ploc dir: More... Close
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/qps-ploc
              total 68
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root  8192 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 54168 Sep 29 17:37 memtest.efi.mui
              
            • Resources dir: More... Close
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/Resources/
              total 112
              drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 42 root root  8192 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x.  1 root root 92568 Sep 29 17:37 bootres.dll
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 en-US
              drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 ru-RU
              
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/Resources/en-US/
              total 20
              drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 12184 Sep 30 16:55 bootres.dll.mui
              
              [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda1/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/Resources/ru-RU/
              total 24
              drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 .
              drwxr-xr-x. 4 root root  4096 Jun  4  2016 ..
              -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 12704 Sep 30 16:55 bootres.dll.mui
              


    • sda4
      • [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda4
        total 8
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 4096 Dec  8 02:34  .
        drwxr-xr-x. 6 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49  ..
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    0 Dec  8 02:34  recovery
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    0 Oct 25  2016 'System Volume Information'
        
        [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda4/System\ Volume\ Information/
        total 24
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root     0 Oct 25  2016 .
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root  4096 Dec  8 02:34 ..
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 20480 Oct 25  2016 tracking.log
        
        [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda4/recovery/
        total 4
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    0 Dec  8 02:34 .
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 4096 Dec  8 02:34 ..
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    0 Dec  8 03:00 WindowsRE
        
        [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda4/recovery/WindowsRE/
        total 393344
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root         0 Dec  8 03:00 .
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root         0 Dec  8 02:34 ..
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root   3170304 Sep 29 09:42 boot.sdi
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root      1111 Dec  8 03:00 ReAgent.xml
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 399608465 Dec  8 02:34 Winre.wim
        


    • sda5
      • [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda5
        total 12
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 4096 Oct 25  2016  .
        drwxr-xr-x. 6 root root 4096 Dec 14 16:49  ..
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 4096 Jun  4  2016  Image
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    0 Oct 25  2016 'System Volume Information'
        
        [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda5/System\ Volume\ Information/
        total 24
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root     0 Oct 25  2016 .
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root  4096 Oct 25  2016 ..
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 20480 Oct 25  2016 tracking.log
        
        [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ ll -a sda5/Image/
        total 11926214
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root       4096 Jun  4  2016 .
        drwxrwxrwx. 1 root root       4096 Oct 25  2016 ..
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root       6366 Feb  2  2016 bootmenu.xml
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root        570 Jun  4  2016 diskpart.txt
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    1975808 Apr  8  2016 DK-EXC.exe
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root   13072747 Jun  4  2016 EFI.wim
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root  922791910 Jun  4  2016 install2.swm
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 3846485006 Jun  4  2016 install3.swm
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 3662650142 Jun  4  2016 install4.swm
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 3752168641 Jun  4  2016 install.swm
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    5523690 Jun  4  2016 oobe.wim
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root     142563 Jun  4  2016 panther.wim
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root        521 Jun  4  2016 resetconfig.xml
        -rwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    7600279 Jun  4  2016 wallpaper.wim
        
        • sda5/Image/diskpart.txt : More... Close
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ cat sda5/Image/diskpart.txt
          convert gpt
          create partition efi size=200
          format quick fs=fat32 label="ESP"
          assign letter="S"
          create partition msr size=16
          create partition primary
          shrink minimum=12799
          format quick fs=ntfs label="OS"
          assign letter="W"
          create partition primary size=450 id=de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac
          format quick fs=ntfs label="WINRETOOLS"
          assign letter="T"
          gpt attributes=0x8000000000000001
          create partition primary id=de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac
          format quick fs=ntfs label="Image"
          assign letter="R"
          gpt attributes=0x8000000000000001
          list vol
          exit
          
        • sda5/Image/bootmenu.xml contents: More... Close
          <BootShell>
             <WinRETool locale="en">
                   <Name>Factory Image Restore</Name>
                   <Description>Restore your system software to a saved system image.</Description>
             </WinRETool>
          ,,, (many WinRETool blocks for various locales with descriptions in corresponding languages)
          </BootShell>
          
        • sda5/Image/resetconfig.xml : More... Close
          [liveuser@localhost mnt]$ cat sda5/Image/resetconfig.xml 
          <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
          <Reset>
                  <Run Phase="BasicReset_AfterImageApply">
                          <Path>DK-Exc.exe</Path>
                          <Duration>3</Duration>
                  </Run>
                  <Run Phase="FactoryReset_AfterImageApply">
                          <Path>DK-Exc.exe</Path>
                          <Duration>3</Duration>
                  </Run>
                  <SystemDisk>
                          <DiskpartScriptPath>diskpart.txt</DiskpartScriptPath>
                          <MinSize>52559</MinSize>
                          <WindowsREPartition>4</WindowsREPartition>
                          <WindowsREPath>recovery\windowsre</WindowsREPath>
                          <OSPartition>3</OSPartition>
                  </SystemDisk>
          </Reset>
          

  8. (06.01.18) Shrinking disk C: from 486 to 154 GB

  • The purpose is to get a space for linux installation
  • We do it via Disk Management :
    • Control Panel -> "Administrirovanie" -> "Upravlenie komp'yuterom" -> "Upravlenie diskami" ( Disk Management )
    • Right-mouse click on C: -> select "Szhat' tom" ( Shrink volume? )
    • Follow the dialogue

  • The initial size of C: disk is ~486.027 GB = ~452.65 GiB = ~463512 KiB.
    We try to shrink it to 150 GB = ~139.698 GiB = ~146484 KiB .
    Correspondingly, in the Shrink volume window, we set the size of space to be freed up, to 463512 - 146484 = 317028 KiB and press OK.

    • The resulting C: size is 153.60 GB instead of the requested 150 GB.

      Being so close to the target number, we are much luckier than we were in the Windows 7 @ dom3 case (see https://twiki.cern.ch/twiki/bin/view/Main/AVFedotovHowToDom3#1_07_30_11_11_Shrinking_disk_C_f ) where on this stage, only one half of the disk was freed up, and long / tricky / complicated actions were needed to get further.
      Avoiding extra efforts, we accept the result as it is.

    • The Event Viewer ( Control Panel -> "Administrirovanie" -> "Upravlenie komp'yuterom" -> "Prosmotr sobytij") shows that the unmovable file pagefile.sys stopped a further shrinkage : More... Close

      A detailed text description of the event is given in 180106.event_defrag259-01.txt together with the a not-informative result of running the recommended fsutil ... command.


    • The new status of the hard disk as seen from Fedora27-Live Linux (disk C: = /dev/sda3 ) :
      liveuser@localhost ~]$ sudo fdisk -l /dev/sda
      
      Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
      Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
      Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
      I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
      Disklabel type: gpt
      Disk identifier: DB3ADAE8-183D-4E4E-9B79-38095BEC8515
      
      Device         Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
      /dev/sda1       2048   1026047   1024000   500M EFI System
      /dev/sda2    1026048   1288191    262144   128M Microsoft reserved
      /dev/sda3    1288192 301287423 299999232 143.1G Microsoft basic data
      /dev/sda4  950560768 951482367    921600   450M Windows recovery environment
      /dev/sda5  951482368 976773119  25290752  12.1G Windows recovery environment
      
      The size of the free space between sda3 and sda4 is (approximately?)
                 (950560767 - 301287423) * 512 = 332427952100 bytes = ~332.43 GB = ~309.60 GiB .

  9. (13.01.18) Turning the Fast boot option off

  • The procedure:
    • Control Panel -> "Elektropitanie" ( Power Options? )
      -> "Dejstvie knopok pitaniya" ( what the power button does?)
      -> "Izmenenie parametrov, kotorye sejchas nedopstupny" ( currently unavailable options? )
      -> Deselect (remove the tick at) "Vklyuchit' bystryj zapusk" ( Turn on fast startup? )
      -> "Sohranit' izmeneniya" ( Save changes? )

  10. (14.01.18) The first backup to an external HDD: sys.image and file archive

  • Backup location: external USB 3.0 hard disk TOSHIBA 1TB, partition TOntfs-1 of 200 GB size.

  • Creating a System Image

    • We follow the tutorial (ru) http://remontka.pro/backup-windows-10/
    • Control Panel -> "Istorya fajlov" ( File history? ) -> "Reservnaya kopiya obraza systemy"
      (an alternative path: Control Panel -> "Rezervnoe kopirovanie i vosstanovlenie (Windows 7)" )
      -> "Sozdanie obraza systemy " -> Choose the TOntfs-1 partition as a destination and follow the dialog
      • The list of source disks:
      • The result after ~10 min. running :

  • Archiving user files

    • Control Panel -> "Rezervnoe kopirovanie i vosstanovlenie (Windows 7)"
      • defining what to backup:

      • backup running (took ~3 min.):
      • the result:

  11. (16.01.18) Process Explorer v16.21

  • Motivation to install: to try to understand which program(s) prevents a Safe Removal of the external TOSHIBA USB 3.0 HDD. It is recommended in the thread, the post by mcnplcomputerlab on October 4, 2017:
    1. Download and run Process Explorer.
    2. Press Ctrl+F.
    3. Type the drive letter of your flash drive, followed by a colon and a backslash (e.g. "E:\")
    4. Click Search.

  • The file
               C:\data\Distributives\ProcessExplorer-16.21\ProcessExplorer.zip
    obtained via a download link on the "description" page give above
  • Expanded into the directory
               C:\data\Distributives\ProcessExplorer-16.21\ProcessExplorer
    with the executable
               procexp64.exe (+ procexp.exe )
    and a help file (not working? => go to Properties -> select Unblock -> OK )
               procexp.chm

  12. (24.03.18) Enabling a hibernation option in the turn-off menu

  • Having switched off the fast boot option in sect.9, and then having installed the parallel OS Fedora 27, we ran into the problem of too long boot time of Win 10 of order of 4 minutes.

  • Looking for a faster boot mode, we try the hibernation mode of Windows turn off.
    By default, it is not present in the turn-off menu. We make it to appear there as follows (very similarily to the procedure of turning off the fast boot in sect.9):
    • Control Panel -> "Elektropitanie" ( Power Options? )
      -> "Dejstvie knopok pitaniya" ( what the power button does?)
      -> "Izmenenie parametrov, kotorye sejchas nedopstupny" ( currently unavailable options? )
      -> Select (put the tick at) "Rezhim gibernacii / otobrazhat' v menu zaversheniya raboty" ( Hibernation regime / show in the turn-off menu? )
      -> "Sohranit' izmeneniya" ( Save changes? )

  • It appears that after turning off Windows via the hibernation, and then booting the comp, we get a standard GRUB boot menu where we can
    • either start Win 10, taking about 45 seconds,
    • or start Fedora 27
      • Rebooting the comp from Fedora, brings us again to the GRUB boot menu, where the (fast) restart of Win 10 is possible.

  13. (09.07.18) Windows update to Version 1803 -- "April 2018 Update" or "Redstone 4"

  • The major Windows 10 Version 1803 (April 2018 Update) or "Redstone 4" , build ("sborka") 17134.137 , installed via Windows Update
    (got build number from win+R -> winver -> OK)
    • It took
      • 3-4 h to get downloaded via 2-4 Mbit/s connection in Orud'evo
      • then 2 h 59 min to get pre-installed
      • then 33 min to finalize the installation with reboots (3 reboots were executed)

  • Only one update is mentioned in the Update journal (Parameters -> Windows Update (Centr obnovleniya) -> Browse the journal of installed updates )
    • "Obnovlenie komponentov (1)": "Obnovlenie funkcij do Windows 10, versiya 1803"
      • thus, the journal has been effectively erased.

  • Afterwards:
    • Disk C: status: 85.1 GiB free , 57.9 GiB used out of 143 GiB (GB: 91.40, 62.20, 153.60)
      • NB: Fedora 27 reports different numbers (why?):
        [root] ... $ df -BG /run/media/fedotov/Win10/                     # (GiB)
        Filesystem     1G-blocks  Used Available Use% Mounted on
        /dev/sda3           144G   63G       81G  44% /run/media/fedotov/Win10
        [root] ... $ df -BGB /run/media/fedotov/Win10/                    # (GB)
        Filesystem     1GB-blocks  Used Available Use% Mounted on  
        /dev/sda3           154GB  68GB      87GB  44% /run/media/fedotov/Win10
        
    • Windows.old subdir: size 6.42 (6.90) GiB (GB), on disk 5.74 (6.17)
    • Windows subdir: size 33.6 (36.09) GiB (GB), on disk 30.4 (32.67)
Topic attachments
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JPEGjpg 170417.dom5_bios.042.Main.jpg r1 manage 1311.9 K 2017-04-17 - 02:28 AlexanderFedotov  
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Texttxt 171214.sda1-efi-ms-boot-lang_dirs.txt r1 manage 10.1 K 2018-01-04 - 21:22 AlexanderFedotov  
PNGpng 180106.C_properties.png r1 manage 17.9 K 2018-01-06 - 23:15 AlexanderFedotov  
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PNGpng 180106.event_defrag259-01.png r1 manage 89.7 K 2018-01-06 - 23:15 AlexanderFedotov  
Texttxt 180106.event_defrag259-01.txt r1 manage 2.4 K 2018-01-06 - 23:15 AlexanderFedotov  
PNGpng 180114.Archiving.1.png r1 manage 24.9 K 2018-01-14 - 20:13 AlexanderFedotov  
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