In the absence of a more official list, several people looking at the cosmics dataset in the LAr have come up with their own list of "bad" channels. That is, channels which may helpfully masked in a cosmics analysis or monitoring effort.

It is based on cells that have mean energies far from zero, that have unusually high RMS energies, that populate the tails of the energy distributions, or that are known to have out of date calibrations (e.g. because of swapped FEB's).

Note that the analysis that contributed most of the channels to this list required complete conditions before even asking if a cell was bad. So, these lists may be sufficient only after making that requirement. (As of November 2007 this requirement still eliminates all of the barrel presampler, significant chunks of barrel A, all of the FCAL, HEC C, and other portions of endcaps A and C. Conditions for EMEC C standard crates were recently added, but bad channels have not yet been identified.)

Recommended versions

With current conditions, the recommended version for M5 data is v0_1_8. For data before the endcap A refurbishment campaign (i.e. pre-M5 endcap A data), v0.1.4 is probably best. For data from the weekend of November 9, 2007 v0_1_7_1 is recommended. It remains to be seen, but probably for data from the weekend of November 16, 2007 v0_1_7 will be appropriate.

The various files are described in badChannelNotes.txt.

List formats, and use instructions

Some of the lists are available with their eta and z coordinates from both CommNF3 and CommNF0 detector descriptions. For recent versions the default is CommNF3.

The lists sometimes exist in JiveFormat and WalterFormat as well as the default. WalterFormat is extended FT format, and is to be used with Walter's jo hooks to remove bad channels before the cells are created. JiveFormat is just the offline ID's.

Masking in Atlantis

JiveFormat is for masking LAr "bad" cells in Athena. For example, in CaloJiveXML-00-00-45 and later, in or equivalent, one can set

theCaloRetriever.DoMaskLArChannelsM5 = True

and then provide a list of offline ID's to mask

theCaloRetriever.LArChannelsToIgnoreM5 = [838950912,843100160]

Masking before cells are built

To use Walter's jo hooks to remove bad channels before cells are created, one can add the WalterFormat list to the jo's, for example, as the first item of your top-level job option:

MaskedLArCells = [list]

This is available in point 1 releases in current nightlies. (Should now be available in, but I haven't tested it.) There was an incompatibility with CaloJiveXML, corrected in CaloJiveXML-00-00-48. (Athena crashed when you used both MaskedLArCells and DetailedJiveXML.)

Then there is the posibillity to use the CaloBadChannelTool from Teddy (the following description is Emanuel R - maybe too naive view,...):

LArBadChannelTool.cxx basically gives the pathologies of the concerned channels as stored in the DB. To use this info in reco one uese the LArBadChannelMasker. It takes a list of pathologies and masks the respective cells (all this is gain sensitive i.e. if a pathologioe e.g. is noisy in HIGH gain: highNoiseHG the cell will be masked only in HIGH gain!).

Now this masking has two possible consequences on ntuple level the cells will either be built anyway but the bad channel bit info (0=ok,1=dead,2=affected) is filled in the ntuple or the masked cells are not built at all. The respective settings in Your topjO:

#build cells of masked channels (True) or don't (False)


#add bad channel bit info (0=ok,1=dead,2=affected) to CBNT or not


jO examples in and

Masking for LAr monitoring

For monitoring, "CosmicsMon", "CaloCellVecMon", and "CaloCosmicsClusterMon" use a common interface to the bad channel list. The name of the ASCII file list should be set in LArMonTools/, e.g.


and the file should be put some place where it can be automatically picked up. Probably putting it in the same place as will work.

Energy distributions for "bad" channels

This root file contains, among other plots, energy distributions for each of the "bad" channels in v0.1.4 of the list, for run 24847.

The histograms have encoded names, like EBadChannelL13N8FT3Slot6Chan103.

Where L13 designates the cell is in HEC3. N8 says its channel number 8 (counting from 0) on the list, in that layer. Then the FT, slot, and channel number are given.

(L0 to 16 are: EMB0-3, EMEC0-3, EMECIW1-2, HEC0-3, FCAL1-3)

These plots give a feeling for the symptoms of the bad channel. A "good" channel has a gaussian noise distribution with mean 0, and an RMS characteristic of the cell, and perhaps a high energy tail from cosmics. Bad channels may include means far from 0, uncharacteristically high RMS, long tails not from cosmics, etc.

Energy distributions are also included, layer by layer, for the residual "good" channels. So, for a baseline, you can look at plots like EZoomEMEC2Hist. These are not perfect distributions, and still obviously contain some "bad" channels. But, they represent the current state of the masking, and provide a reasonable comparison for the "bad" channels.

Channel maps

When discussing bad channels, it can be helpful to be able to move easily between different sets of coordinate systems.

Pavol has dumped a set of maps to ASCII files to help with that conversion.

offon_key.txt has some definitions, and then there are maps for various DetDescrTag's. ATLAS-CommNF-00-00-00, ATLAS-CommNF-03-00-00, ATLAS-CSC-00-00-00. March 16 2009 Note: I notice that the CSC geometry has some different offline ID's for FCal channels, relative to the comm geometries.

-- AdamGibson - 16 Nov 2007

  • offon_key.txt: Definitions of some quantities in the channel maps.

Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
Unknown file formatroot allButCrash_BadChan_v0_1_4.root r1 manage 1305.9 K 2007-11-16 - 10:58 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannelNotes.txt r3 r2 r1 manage 4.8 K 2007-12-19 - 15:43 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_4.txt r1 manage 150.0 K 2007-11-16 - 10:39 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_4_CommNF3.txt r1 manage 161.6 K 2007-11-16 - 10:40 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_5.txt r1 manage 673.8 K 2007-11-16 - 10:41 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_5_CommNF3.txt r1 manage 727.4 K 2007-11-16 - 10:40 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_6.txt r1 manage 854.1 K 2007-11-16 - 10:40 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_6_1.txt r1 manage 904.6 K 2007-11-16 - 14:57 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_6_1_JiveFormat.txt r1 manage 44.7 K 2007-11-16 - 14:57 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_6_1_WalterFormat.txt r1 manage 61.1 K 2007-11-16 - 14:58 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_7_1.txt r1 manage 828.4 K 2007-11-16 - 14:58 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_7_1_JiveFormat.txt r1 manage 40.9 K 2007-11-16 - 14:58 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_7_1_WalterFormat.txt r1 manage 55.8 K 2007-11-16 - 14:58 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_8.txt r1 manage 658.6 K 2007-12-19 - 15:45 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_8_JiveFormat.txt r1 manage 32.5 K 2007-12-19 - 15:46 AdamGibson  
Texttxt badChannels_v0_1_8_WalterFormat.txt r1 manage 45.2 K 2007-12-19 - 15:46 AdamGibson  
Texttxt offon_commNF_0_0_0.txt r1 manage 33383.2 K 2007-11-20 - 13:24 AdamGibson Channel map for ATLAS-CommNF-00-00-00
Texttxt offon_commNF_3_0_0_APGmod.txt r1 manage 36090.5 K 2007-11-20 - 13:24 AdamGibson Channel map for ATLAS-CommNF-03-00-00
Texttxt offon_csc_0_0_0.txt r1 manage 33383.2 K 2007-11-20 - 13:23 AdamGibson Channel map for DetDescrTag ATLAS-CSC-00-00-00
Texttxt offon_key.txt r1 manage 1.3 K 2007-11-20 - 13:22 AdamGibson Definitions of some quantities in the channel maps.
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Topic revision: r13 - 2009-03-16 - AdamGibson
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