HCAL Rechit Timing: MC vs TB06 Comparison

Efforts were focused around comparing MC rechit times against TB06, particularly for resolution as a function of energy. MC times were expected to be "too good", such that studying timing cuts will lead to over-optimistic conclusions compared to the reality. Comparing against TB06 provides a handle for making the MC times more realistic through smearing.

  • Ran MC pion particle gun pointed at tower (1,1,1) in HB
  • Discrete energy points mimic testbeam runs: 5,10,15,20,30,50,100,150,200,300 GeV, 50k events per energy point for a total 500k events gen-sim-reco'ed.
  • As in TB06, find the 68%/95% error levels in timing and plot time_resolution(E).
  • Compare to TB06, study relative distribution shapes and sizes and determine how to smear MC rechit times to match TB06 better.
  • To get MC analysis more on an equal footing with TB06, I applied the same filters to rechits as in TB06:
    • Target tower hits only (HB ieta=1,iphi=1,depth=1)
    • hit energy exceeds 1GeV threshold
    • hit energy is the max in the HBHERechit collection for that event.

First Look Timing vs Energy hit distributions:

  • TB06, to show what we're shooting for (L: MIP-in-ECAL, R: NonMIP-in-ECAL)
    tb06_deltatvse_mipnonmip_1x2_color.png

  • Pion Gun, No smearing, notice the odd pattern (L: no filters, M: all filters, R: all filters zoom-in)
    hcaltimeanal_pgun2_tvse_nosmear_1x3_hrcl.png

The strange pattern in the far right plot is understood. The quantization comes from Geant; simhit times are quantized in 1ns intervals upon digitization. The skewing indicates that the QIE time slewing is working: it is both injected in simulation and corrected for in reconstruction. When time slew correction is turned off, the quantization straightens out but the distribution itself skews to later times.

  • Pion Gun, with smearing v1 (L: no filters, R: all filters)
    hcaltimeanal_pgun2smearv1_tvse_1x2_hrcl.png

Smearing MC to look more like TB06

Assessing Smear V1 Performance

Filled Error Graphs:

These are variably binned to maintain near constant statistics. The 68% and 95% confidence intervals are found as a function of energy, with mean variations taken out.

  • L: pgun before smearing, M: pgun after smearing, R: tb06
    fillederrors2_1x3.png

From these graphs you see that the 68% levels look to be where they should, whereas the 95% levels, particularly for E<50GeV, are still better than TB06. Confirmation to be quantified as follows:

Ratio MC/TB06:

These next plots are graphs of the ratio MC/TB06 timing resolution as a function of energy for the positive side envelope. These ratios are derived from the variable-bin, asymmetric error data shown above.

From that ratio a smearing sigma is calculated such that a smearing run brings the MC into conformity with TB06. However, since (for this version at least) it is only a gaussian smear, the smear cannot compensate for nongaussian tails at late times as seen at low energy in the TB06 data.

The smear sigma is calculated as

σsmear = σTB06-68% * √(1-R295%)

where R95% is the ratio of MC/TB06 using the 95% positive envelopes.

  • MC/TB06 before smearing (L) and after smearing (R)
    hcaltimeanal_mctb06ratio_1x2.png

It is the smear sigma envelope in the left plot that was used to take a smearing run on the particle gun data, generate a new collection of rechits with smeared times, and then reanalyze those, the results of which are now shown on this twiki page.

The right graph was produced from the already smeared data and indicates that there is still some residual smearing to be done (smear sigma is nonzero). The reason is because the smear sigma calculation mixed both 68% and 95% levels. The 68% errors are confirmed to be >= 1, but the nongaussian tails drive the remaining discrepancies.

At high energies there is still a little discrepancy, and the reason is because instead of the TB06 MIP data the nonmip data was used to calculate the ratios, and the nonmip data is just a little bit worse.

Y-Projection slice fits across energy:

These are the Y-projection plots from before. The MC plots (leftmost column) are without filters applied.

So here the order of plots is, from left to right: pgun, tb06 mip (non-interacting) in ECAL, tb06 nonmip (interacting) in ECAL.

  • 1-6 GeV Slice
    tvse_projyfit_003gev_sidebyside.png

  • 10 +/- 2 GeV Slice
    tvse_projyfit_010gev_sidebyside.png

  • 50 +/- 2 GeV Slice
    tvse_projyfit_050gev_sidebyside.png

  • 100 +/- 10 GeV Slice
    tvse_projyfit_100gev_sidebyside.png

  • 200 +/- 10 GeV (20 GeV for nonmip TB06 data) Slice
    tvse_projyfit_200gev_sidebyside.png

Changes in CMSSW

By release time for version 3_1_0, no study had been undertaken as to how to implement time smearing at the MC level. A study is tentatively planned. In the meantime, a new utility is planned for this release that allows a user to smear rechit times and put the smeared collection back into the event. Stay tuned.

-- PhilDudero - 15 May 2009

Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
PNGpng fillederrors2_1x3.png r1 manage 37.1 K 2009-04-28 - 00:17 PhilDudero  
PNGpng hcaltimeanal_mctb06ratio_1x2.png r1 manage 20.0 K 2009-04-28 - 00:17 PhilDudero  
PNGpng hcaltimeanal_pgun2_tvse_nosmear_1x3_hrcl.png r1 manage 42.4 K 2009-04-28 - 00:18 PhilDudero  
PNGpng hcaltimeanal_pgun2smearv1_tvse_1x2_hrcl.png r1 manage 40.6 K 2009-04-28 - 00:19 PhilDudero  
PNGpng tb06_deltatvse_mipnonmip_1x2_color.png r1 manage 21.9 K 2009-04-28 - 00:20 PhilDudero  
PNGpng tvse_projyfit_003gev_sidebyside.png r1 manage 36.2 K 2009-04-28 - 00:31 PhilDudero  
PNGpng tvse_projyfit_010gev_sidebyside.png r1 manage 38.5 K 2009-04-28 - 00:32 PhilDudero  
PNGpng tvse_projyfit_050gev_sidebyside.png r1 manage 36.6 K 2009-04-28 - 00:33 PhilDudero  
PNGpng tvse_projyfit_100gev_sidebyside.png r1 manage 38.5 K 2009-04-28 - 00:33 PhilDudero  
PNGpng tvse_projyfit_200gev_sidebyside.png r1 manage 37.4 K 2009-04-28 - 00:34 PhilDudero  
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