Preparation for combination of Heavy Resonance Searches at CMS

This is a preparatory twiki designed to organise the preparation for a combination of CMS analyses searching for heavy new resonances at predicted by BSM models such as WED or HVT models.

The goal is to outline procedures and datacard requirements that allow for a smooth combination procedure once all individual analyses have passed their approval.

Interesting thoughts to the combination and BSM models to be considered were presented here (interesting slides for combination:


Datacard requirements


Before pre-approval:

  • Ensure orthogonality to other CMS analyses with the same final state!

At the approval stage:

  • Provide two sets of datacards and workspaces for the combination:
    • As used in the analysis proper
    • With the signal rate normalised to the cross section of the BSM model times the branching fraction of the considered channel. For example: rate signal = xs_BSM * BR_XtoWW * BR_SM_final_state
    • ATTENTION: for a signal scaled to the BSM cross section an additional yield uncertainty has to be added for PDF and renormalisation scales if they are not already considered
  • The datacards should be provided in the following directory structure:
  • CADI_line* with subfolders datacards and workspaces
  • The datacards and workspaces for the combinatio should have names ending on "_combination.*"

* analyzers should make sure that the datacards follow the requirements and naming schemes listed below


  • Signal process called Signal
  • Background processes Background
  • Data denoted by data_obs # The mass range of the signal?


  • Signal yield: xs_BSM * BR_XtoVV/ll *BR_SM_final_state


The following naming scheme should be used for systematic uncertainties that are going to be correlated between analysis. If the systematic uncertainty is particular to the single analysis and does not need to be correlated the analyzers may choose the name by themselves under consideration of the naming scheme below:

  • Each nuisance should start with CMS
  • If necessary add label for different data taking years e.g. CMS2016
  • Add analysis specific label e.g. for an X -> VV -> 2j analysis a good label would be VV_JJ
  • Custom name of the systematic uncertainty e.g. Bin1

Systemtic Systematic name type nuisance type
pdf pdf_accept log-normal signal acceptance uncertainty due to PDF variation
pdf pdf_scale log-normal signal efficiency uncertainty due to PDF variation
scale qcd_scale log-normal signal yield uncertainty due to renormalisation scale
lumi CMS2016_lumi log-normal yield uncertainty due to luminosity measurement
pileup CMS2016_scale_pu log-normal yield uncertainty due to pileup
object tagging CMS2016_eff_objectname log-normal yield uncertainty due to object tagging: V (V-tagging with tau21), deepV/H (V/H tagging with DeepJet), b (b-tagging), e/m/t (Electron/Muon/Tau-Identification), (deep)bb ((deep) double-b-tagger)
tagging pT extrapolation CMS2016_extr_objectname log-normal pT extrapolation uncertainties
lepton scale/resolution CMS2016_scale_e/m/t, CMS2016_res_e/m/t log-normal yield uncertainty
lepton scale/resolution CMS2016_sig_p1_e/m/t, CMS2016_sig_p2_e/m/t shape nuisance parameters for the effect on the signal shape
JES/JER CMS2016_scale_j, CMS2016_res_j yield nuisance for jet energy scale/resolution uncertainties
JES/JER CMS2016_sig_p1_j, CMS2016_sig_p2_j shape nuisance for jet energy scale/resolution uncertainties on signal shape (mean/width)
jet mass (SD) scale/resolution CMS2016_scale_mass, CMS2016_res_mass yield  
jet mass (SD) scale/resolution CMS2016_sig_p1_mass, CMS2016_sig_p2_mass signal shape signal shape nuisance on mean (p1) and widht (p2) due to jet mass uncertainties
trigger uncertainties CMS2016_trigger_name log-normal nusiance for trigger efficiency uncertainties name = [MET, HT, e/m/t, etc.]

-- DanielaSchafer - 2020-04-23

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Topic revision: r1 - 2020-04-23 - DanielaSchafer
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